Biography of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471

Timeline

On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was born to Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body of Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) back to England. His only child Henry succeeded as VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster.

Death of Charles VI

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 died at Hôtel Saint-Pol. There two successors to the French throne:
King Henry VI succeeded as II King France: Lancaster.
Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 succeeded as VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois-Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 by marriage Queen Consort France.

In 1426 Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4) at Hereford, Herefordshire

In 1426 Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4)

On 19 May 1426 Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (25) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4)

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 was knighted.

French Coronation of Henry VI

On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI (10) was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. A somewhat futile exercise; the last gasps of the Hundred Years War. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 and his son Thomas (17) attended.

On 03 Jan 1437 Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 died

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester (50), brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (19), was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'. Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.
Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake. Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.
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Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (22) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk (47). The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (38) who was its Governor. He, Somerset (38), was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset (38) and Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460{Richard Duke of York} who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (42) was created 1st Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (22) in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Duchess Buckingham (1C 1444).

Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (33) met Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 at Pontoise on his mission to bring her back to Endland for her marriage to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (23).

Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (23) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 were married at Titchfield Abbey, Fareham, Hampshire.

Knighting at Greenwich

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469, brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (22) and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by King Henry VI (31) at Greenwich, Kent

On Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) suffered a mental breakdown

Henry VI's first Illness

In Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) suffered his first bout of illness; a mental breakdown. He was unresponsive for a year. His paternal grand-father #Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422{Charles VI of France} suffered a similar illness; his sobriquet "Mad".

Birth of Edward of Westminster

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI (31) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 at Westminster Palace. When Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 had been married for eight years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was suggested at the time.

On Jan 1455 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) recovered from his mental breakdown. On being presented with his son Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) he described the infant as a miracle; others at court were less kind.

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (48) was released by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33)

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49), Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455, William Cotton 1410-1455 (45), Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) both fought.

In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (57) was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (35) during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (14) was restored in 1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17), Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26). Thomas Parr 1407-1464 was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).

Battle of Northampton 1460

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (27), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton 1460.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57), John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 were killed.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and William Norreys 1441-1507 were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Act of Accord (39 Hen VI)

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471[Edward of Westminster at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (23) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (64) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington 1430-1485 assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (43) by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral, Angers{Angers Cathedral}. The agreement had been brokered by Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

Re-adeption of Henry VI

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (48) was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (50) was released.

Death of Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI (49) died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London. Death of Henry VI

On 25 Aug 1482 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 died at Chateau Dampierre-sur-Loire, Dampierre-sur-Loire, Saumur. She was buried at Angers Cathedral, Angers

12 Mar 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Commission to the king's kinsman Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471{Richard, earl of Warwick}, to receive deserters from the party of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By Edward IV King England 1442-1483{K} by word of mouth.

Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Henry V King England 1386-1422

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Henry V King England 1386-1422 Son Henry IV King England 1367-1413

GrandFather: Henry IV King England 1367-1413 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 Great Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

GrandMother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton 1347-1419 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France 1293-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 Great x 7 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 Great x 6 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Přemyslid Queen Bohemia 1292-1330

Great GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Hainault Duchess Bourbon 1280-1354 Great x 4 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon 1313-1383 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon Count Valois 1293-1358 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor 1282-1347 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica Holy Roman Empress

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria 1310-1349 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily 1272-1337

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Capet Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti 1323-1385

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephano Visconti 1287-1327

Great x 3 GrandMother: Valentina Doria

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Scala