Biography of Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447

Timeline

On 05 Feb 1381 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 were married at Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex.

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (23) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394

On 04 Jun 1394 Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 died in childbirth at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough, Northamptonshire.She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire

Around 1400 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (9) was appointed 96th Knight Garter: Henry IV

On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joan Évreux Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married at Winchester, Hampshire.Joan Évreux Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem.His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent of Canterbury Cathedral.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (24) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414)..

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (63) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue 1380-1415, Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (24), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443, Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456, Thomas Dutton 1396-1431, Edmund Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435, Roger Fiennes 1384-1449, Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425, John Grey 1387-1439, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449, Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420, Robert Strelley 1397-1430, James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459, Robert Umfraville 1363-1437, Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1391-1416, Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445, Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415, Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415 (24), Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38), Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31), Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415, John Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxembourg 1355-1415 (60) were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20), John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed

Around 1423 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (32) and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (21) were married

Before 1428 Arthur Lancaster 1427-1447 was born to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (37)

Before 1428 Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville 1427-1450 was born to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (37)

In 1428 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (37) and Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 were married

On 08 Oct 1436 Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (35) died

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester (50), brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (19), was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke.All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'.Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.
Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake.Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.
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On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) arrested on a charge of treason

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died.He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.He had been arrested three days previously on a charge of treason.

After 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was buried at St Albans Cathedral, St Albans, Hertfordshire

On 07 Jul 1452 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 died at Beaumaris Castle, Beaumaris, Anglesey, North-West Wales

07 May 1461.Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire.Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick, of the office of constable of the king's castle of Dover, and al rents and services called 'castelwarde', and herbage and advowsons pertaining to the same, and the wardenship of the Cinque Ports and all forfeitures, 'shares', wreck of sea and other profits; and also 300l yearly for the sustenances of himself and priests, servants, watchmen, and other officers there, in the same manner as Humphey, late Duke of Gloucester, viz 146l frin the wards pertaining to the castle and 154l from the fee farm of the town of Southampton. By other latters patent.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Henry IV King England 1367-1413 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 Great Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306

Great GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont 1227-1297 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn -1308 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanna Latimer 1269-1320

Mother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fiennes Countess Essex, Countess Hereford 1254-1298

Great x 2 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

Great x 3 GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton 1347-1419 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Vere

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306