Biography of John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410

Timeline

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) were married at Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) by marriage Countess Richmond (5C 1342). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) jure uxoris 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337).

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (16) were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (16) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362). His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

In 1373 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (22)

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).

In Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed as Admiral of the Irish Fleet, Constable Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports.

On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset (2C 1397)

In May 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed as Admiral of the Northern Fleet

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed 87th Knight Garter: Richard II

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was appointed as Lieutenant Aquitaine

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

On 27 Nov 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 were married. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 by marriage Countess Somerset (2C 1397).

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving the future Henry IV (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword. .
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 attended.

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales (14)
Edmund, duke of York (59)
Edward, earl of Rutland (28)
Thomas, earl of Arundel (19)
John, earl of Somerset (28)
Edmund, earl of Stafford (22)
Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408
Ralph, earl of Westmorland (37)
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403
Michael, earl of Suffolk (40)
Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418
Thomas Berkeley 9th Baron Berkeley, 3rd Baron Lisle 1352-1417
John, Lord Charlton
Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn 1362-1440
Thomas, Lord Camoys (49)
Thomas Neville 5th Baron Furnivall 1362-1406
Robert, Lord Scales (28)
John, Lord Beaumont
William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409
Hugh, Lord Burnell (54)
William Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Groby 1372-1445
William Beauchamp 1st Baron Bergavenny 1343-1411
John Lovell 5th Baron Lovel 1341-1408
Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406
Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton 1327-1403.

In 1401 Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (28) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439

On 10 May 1403 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

In 1403 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (30) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439

In 1404 Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (31) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439

In 1404 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (31) was appointed as Constable England

In 1405 Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (32) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439

In 1406 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (33) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439

In 1409 Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (36) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 16 Mar 1410 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill, City of London. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent. His son Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (8) succeeded as 2nd Earl Somerset (2C 1397)

On 31 Dec 1439 Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 died

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380