Biography of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

Timeline

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (15) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) were married at York Minster, York, Yorkshire. .

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (25) at Ghent

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342)

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) were married at Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (13) by marriage Countess Richmond (5C 1342). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) jure uxoris 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337).

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (15) at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III

In 1362 John Lancaster 1362-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (21) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (16)

On 10 Apr 1362 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) jure uxoris 6th Earl Leicester (2C 1265)

On 13 Nov 1362 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (50) created his eldest two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Before 21 Feb 1363 Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) at Burford, Shropshire

In 1365 Edward Lancaster 1365-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (24) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (19)

In 1366 John Lancaster 1366-1367 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (25) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (20)

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27), John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-, William Scrope 1325-1367, Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21), John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33). The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47). The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (22) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

In 1368 Isabel Lancaster 1368-1368 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (22)

On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (23) died at Tutbury Castle, Tutbury, Staffordshire. Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar. She was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London.

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (55) died

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (16) were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (16) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362). His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

After 21 Sep 1371 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (16) accompanied her sister Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (16) to England after her marriage to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31).

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) were married at Wallingford, Oxfordshire. Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (17) by marriage Countess Cambridge (2C 1362). She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (17) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

In 1373 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (22)

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (18) at Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire

In 1374 John Lancaster 1374-1375 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (19)

In 1375 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (34) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (24) at Château de Beaufort

Around Jan 1377 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (36) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (26)

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen_Richmond_Surrey. . He was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey
His grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

In 1379 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (38) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (28) at Château de Beaufort

Around 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (25) was knighted by John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (39)

In 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (25) joined John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (39) 's service as an Esquire

On 24 Mar 1394 Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (39) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving the future Henry IV (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

On 10 May 1403 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

Southampton Plot

On 31 Jul 1415, when Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle, Hampshire preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to him (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415, Thomas Grey 1384-1415, and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were intending to replace Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 whereas Henry V King England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.
Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452, Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (63) sat in judgement.

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

In 1485 Catherine of Aragon was born to Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (33) and Isabella Trastámara Queen Castile 1451-1504 (34). She was probably named after her Great Great Grandmother Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 daughter of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile 1354-1394.

Blanche Beaufort was born illegitimately to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Marie St Hilaire Hainault

Matthew Redman 1328-1389 served in France and Spain under John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429 executor of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 's will

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230

Great x 3 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 3 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 3 GrandMother: Violant Unknown Queen Consort Aragon

Great GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 Great x 3 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Mother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders 1202-1280 Great x 3 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 3 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg Duchess Limburg

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 Great x 3 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242

GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 3 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 3 GrandMother: Violant Unknown Queen Consort Aragon

Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267

Great x 2 GrandMother: Mary Unknown