Biography of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509

Timeline

In 1439 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (29) were married. Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (29) by marriage Countess Somerset (2C 1397)

On 31 May 1443 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 was born to John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (33) at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe, Bedfordshire

Around 07 Feb 1444 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married. The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will

On 01 May 1450 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk (1C), 5th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385). Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

On Feb 1453 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (10) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (9) were divorced.

On 01 Nov 1455 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe, Bedfordshire. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Countess Richmond (7C 1452).

On 03 Nov 1456 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (26) died of plague at Carmarthen Castle, Carmarthen, Camarthenshire, South West Wales leaving his twelve year old wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) pregnant with their child Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (-1).

On 28 Jan 1457 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was born to the late Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) at Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire.

On 03 Jan 1458 Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (14) were married at Maxstoke Castle, Maxstoke, Warwickshire

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485, Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40), William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. !Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 was killed.

Around 12 Jun 1472 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (37) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) were married. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) by marriage King Mann, Baron Stanley.

On 08 Aug 1482 Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (72) died.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (29) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part. !The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

In 1488 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (44) was appointed Lady of the Garter by her son Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (30).

Before 27 Oct 1492 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (50) died. He was buried at Wingfield, Suffolk

In 1499 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55) took a vow of chastity in the presence of Richard FitzJames, Bishop of London with, apparently, the permission of her husband; it was always a marriage of convenience. Thereafter the Countess (55) lived at Collyweston, Northamptonshire.

On 29 Jul 1504 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (69) died. His grandson son Thomas Stanley 2nd Earl Derby 1485-1521 (18) succeeded as 2nd Earl Derby (3C 1485), 10th Baron Strange Knockin (2C 1299), 6th Baron Mohun Dunster, 3rd Baron Stanley

In 1505 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (62) founded Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

Funeral of Henry VII

On 11 May 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:
Household of Mary Tudor:
Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (13)
Catherine York 1479-1527
Elizabeth Stafford Viscountess Fitzwalter 1479-1532. Possibly Margaret Whetehill.
Anne Percy 1444-1522 or Anne Percy Countess Arundel 1485-1552
Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent -1516
Eleanor Pole 1462-
Mary Brandon
 Elizabeth Empson
 Elizabeth Powys Viscountess Sydney 1736-1826 (-227)
Mary Scrope 1476-1548
 Jane Popincourt -1516
Alice Vaux -1543
Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:
Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536
 Agnes or Inez Vanegas
 Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby
Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:
Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (65)
Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" 1463-1538
Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1484-

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey, Westminster. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale[Heraldic Badge], her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 March 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 March 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Daughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Mother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 Great x 6 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1305-1380 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny 1238- Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sibyl Pateshull Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1319-1374

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Pateshull 1292-1349

Great GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Clopton 1336-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Clopton 1298-1327

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ivetta Grey 1340-1372

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Grey 1280-1344

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Bayles

GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Stourton 1334- Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Stourton 1290- Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Stourton 1251-1291

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Berkeley 1268-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216