Biography of Richard III King England 1452-1485

Timeline

On Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Countess Cambridge (3C 1414) Countess Ulster.

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (41) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (37) at Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

In 1461 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461)

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41). The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

On 28 Feb 1463 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (7) succeeded his father as 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 6th Baron Holand at around eight years of age. He became a ward of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (20) who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) spending his childhood at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire with the young (future) Richard III King England 1452-1485 (10).

In 1465 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (12) was appointed 198th Knight Garter: Edward IV

George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop York

On 06 Sep 1465 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (32) was enthroned as Archbishop York at Cawood Castle, Cawood, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire. . Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (14), Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (9) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (12) were present.

Meeting at Salisbury

On 10 May 1468 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26), his brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 (15), John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (41) and John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 met in the Chapter House, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485, Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40), William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. !Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 was killed.

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (10) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (31) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed

On 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 was tried by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) (as Duke Gloucester) at Market Square, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

Before 1472 Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 was born illegitimately to Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19)

Before 1472 John York 1471-1499 was born illegitimately to Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19)

Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) were married at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) by marriage 1st Duchess Gloucester (3C 1461).

On Dec 1473 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 was born to Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55).

06 Jun 1474. Westminster. Parliament Rolls. Edward IV Oct 1472. Second Roll. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471{Richard Nevyle}, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale sometime of Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV (33) signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard (50) and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

Capture of Berwick

On 24 Aug 1482 Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 was knighted by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (29) at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland during the Capture of Berwick

Richard York travels South

On 29 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrived in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire.

Richard III's Dinner with the Woodvilles

On 30 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) met Richard Grey 1457-1483 and Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire who were accompanying Edward V King England 1470- to from Ludlow to London. All three had dinner together.

Arrest of the Woodville Affinity

On 01 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrested Richard Grey 1457-1483, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) and Thomas Vaughan Master 1410-1483 (73) at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire. Edward V King England 1470- was taken under his uncle Richard's Protection to London.

Death of George Neville

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471[Warwick the Kingmaker} who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). The timing somewhat suspicious. The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance.

Richard III appointed Lord Protector

Before 08 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was appointed as Lord Protector.

16 May 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Grant for life to the king's servant Henry duke of Buckingham (28), of the offices of chief justice and chamberlain in South and North Wales, constable of the castles and counties of Kermerdyn and Cardigan, the castles of Abrustwith, co Cardigan, and Denevour in South Wales, the castle and town of Tonebigh , co. Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Kylgarvan in South Wales, the castle and town of Llan Stepham in South Wales, the lordship of Wallewynscastell in South Wales, the lordship of Westhaverford in South Wales , constable, steward, and receiver of the castle, lordshiop and manor of Uske , the castle and lordship of Carlion , the castle, lordship and manor of Dynas, the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewyas Lacy, the castles, lordships and manors of Belth,Clifford, Radnore, Melenyth, Montgomery, Dynbigh, Elvell and Narberth, the castle, lordship and manors of Wygmore and Holt in the marches of Wales, and the lordship and manor of Bromfield in the same marches, steward and receiver of the lordships and manors of Norton, Knyghton, Raydor, Guerthrenyon, Comotoyder, Glasbury, Weryfreton, Cherbury, Terthic, Halcetur, Kadewyn, Newton, Kyry in the marches.

20 May 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Grant to the king's kinsman Henry duke of Buckingham (28), of the supervision and power of array of the king's subjects in the counties of Salop, Hereford, Somerset, Dorset and Wilts. By p. s.

20 May 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Grant for life to the king's servant William Hastings (52), knight, of the office of master and worker of the king's moneys and keeper of the exchange within the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London, the realm of England and the town of Calais according to the form of certain indentures, receiving the accustomed fees. By p. s.

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded having been accused of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen at the earlier Council Meeting convened by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) and attended by Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

Richard III elected King by the Three Estates

On 26 Jun 1483 Richard III (30) accepted the invitation of the citizens of London to become King.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

30 Jun 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Commission to the king's kinsman John duke of Norfolk (58), to execute the office of steward of England at the king's coronation. By K.

30 Jun 1483 William Catesby 1450-1485 was appointed as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster Grant for life to William Catesby 1450-1485, esquire, of the office of Baron of the Exchequer, receiving the accustomed fees at the Exchequer or the receipt of the Exchequer, with all rights, profits and commodities. By p. s.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

15 Jul 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was appointed as Constable England. Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry, duke of Buckingham (28), of divers specified offices and powers in North and South Wales and the marches.
The like to the same of the office of constable of England, with the accustomed fees. By p. s.

25 Jul 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry (58), duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine, with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees. By p. s.

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children. Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 who would then undertake the task.

14 Aug 1483 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) was appointed Chief Butler of England. Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell (27), knight, viscount Lovel, the king's chamberlain, of the office of Chief Butler of England, void by the death of Anthony, late earl Rivers, receiving fees of 100l yearly from the customs and prises of wines and other issues of his office, with all other profits. By p. s.

Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created Prince Wales, Earl Chester (6C 1483) at York Minster. His parents Richard III (30) and Anne Neville (27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13). Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (8) and John York 1471-1499 were knighted .

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (29) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part. !The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

23 Oct 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester, Leicestershire. Precept to the sheriff of Devon to issue a proclamation (English) denouncing Thomas Dorset, late Marquess of Dorset (28), who holds unshameful and mischievous woman called Shore's wife in adultery, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Knyvet 1440-1515, Sir Thomas Bourghchier of Barnes, Sir George Broun, knights, John Cheyne, John Noreis, Walter Hungerford, John Russh and John Harecourt of Staunton, who have assembled the Person by the comfort of the great rebel the late duke of Bukyngham and bishops of Ely and Salisbury, and offering rewards for their capture and pardon for all who withdraw from them. By K.

On 28 Oct 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester, Leicestershire. General commission of array to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell, viscount Lovel his chamberlain, for the resistance of the rebel Henry, duke of Buskingham. Mutilated. By K. by word of mouth.

On 05 Nov 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Bridport, Dorset. Commission of array in Wales to the king's kinsman William, earl of Huntingdon, and James Tyrrell 1455-1502, knight, for the resistance of the rebels. By K. by word of mouth.
The like to James Tyrell, knight.

Titulus Regius

In 1484 Titulus Regius was the Act of Parliament that justified Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) succession.

Richard III Secures Elizabeth Woodville's Daughters

In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

On 09 Mar 1484 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Westminster. Grant for life to the king's servant Robert Brackenbury -1485 of the office of Constable Tower of London and 100l. yearly for his wages from the issues of the manors or lordships of Wrottell, Haveryng, Boyton, Hadlegh, Raylegh and Rocheford, co Essex, and Tunbrich, Penshurste, Middleton and Merdon and the hundred of Middleton, co Kent, with arrears from 17 July last, in lieu of a grant to him by letters patent of that date surrendered. By p. s.

On 09 Apr 1484 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (10) died at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire leaving his father Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) without an heir.

In Jul 1484 William Collingbourne, a Tudor agent, tacked up a lampooning poem to Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London, which mentions Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (28), whose family's heraldic symbol was a silver wolf, among the three aides to King Richard III (31), whose emblem was a white boar:
The Catte, the Ratte and Lovell our dogge
Rulyth all Englande under a hogge.

On 16 Mar 1485 Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (28) died at Westminster Palace, Westminster. Probably of tuberculosis. The day she died there was an eclipse; a bad omen to some. There were, of course, rumours of foul play. #[Queen Anne Dies]

On 30 Mar 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) publicly rebutted rumours in front of the Mayor and citizens of London that he intended to marry his niece Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19).

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
Richard Guildford 1450-1506
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495
Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485
James Harrington 1430-1485
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60)
John Sacheverell 1400-1485, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486.
William Norreys 1441-1507, Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1544 commanded.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 was knighted.
Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
John Conyers -1490
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485, William Brandon 1456-1485, James Harrington 1430-1485, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60), John Sacheverell 1400-1485, William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55), Richard Bagot 1412-1485 and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 were killed.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.
John Iwardby 1449-1485 (35) was killed

After 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was buried at Greyfriars Church, Leicester, Leicestershire

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire.

On 26 Mar 2015 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was reburied at Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicestershire

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1270- Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380