Biography of Richard II King England 1367-1400

Timeline

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) by marriage Prince Wales.

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (38) at Bordeaux

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace, Westminster. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent.

In 1377 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (37) was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (9)

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen_Richmond_Surrey. . He was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey
His grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (22) attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397, Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (55) at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. .

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417. .

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 (-1) was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans, Hertfordshire in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (51) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner

On 07 Aug 1385 Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (56) died at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire. She was buried at Stamford, Lincolnshire

In 1386 Richard Adderbury of Donnington Casatle 1331-1399 (55) was given permission by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19) to fortify Donnington Castle, Donnington, Berkshire

Wonderful Parliament

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19). Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (56) was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner 1332-1387 (54) was knighted by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19)

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21) 's administration. Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (57) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried.

Richard II holds Christmas Court

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (22) held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire. John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17) was killed in a tournament.

Death of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace, Sheen_Richmond_Surrey. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace, Sheen_Richmond_Surrey.

Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1375-1400 (18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

Richard II Travels to Ireland

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423 (44).

On 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 was buried when Richard II King England 1367-1400 (28) had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time.

Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) were married. The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown.

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 served Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) as Ambassador to various German Princes.

In 1397 Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (47) campaigned with Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) at Ireland

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30)[Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel]

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

Before 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV (31) reported to King Richard II (31) that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) had made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule. Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Caludon, Coventry, Warwickshire, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.

On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel. the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 managed the proceedings. Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it. After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.

Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving the future Henry IV (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 two thousand marks . . . we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400.
Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419 (55), Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors . . .
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 our cousin. "

Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) landed at Wales

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle, Flint, Flintshire, North-East Wales.

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.

On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire

On 13 Sep 1409 Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (19) died in childbirth

In 1413 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was reburied at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 6 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Ancestry

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Reginar Queen Consort France 1256-1321 Great x 3 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant 1230-1261 Great x 2 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy Duchess Brabant 1233-1273 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin Wake

Great x 2 GrandMother: Hawise Quincy Great Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Quincy -1257

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw Countess Huntingdon, Countess Mar 1218-1253 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302

Great x 3 GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes 1210-1265

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaumont 1232- Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun 1227-1252