Biography of Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-

Timeline

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke York (2C 1474)

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

In 1475 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was appointed 215th Knight Garter: Edward IV

On 14 Jan 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- by marriage 8th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312)

Death of the Duke of Norfolk

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (31) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk.Suspicious since he was only 32.His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- two years later.

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Earl Nottingham (3C 1476)

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke Norfolk (2C 1481)

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray (5) were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster.She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476.The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11), Mary York 1467-1482 and Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507.The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 19 Nov 1481 Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (8) died at Greenwich, Kent.He was buried at Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster.Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 was with her.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation.. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury -1485 was appointed Constable Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-.

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 who would then undertake the task.

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey.She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396

GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 Great x 8 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-

Great GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran