1130-1154 Anarchy

Death of King Henry I

On 01 Dec 1135 Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 (67) died. The succession fell between Henrys daughter Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (33) and Henry's nephew Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41), son of Adela Normandy Count Blois 1067-1137 (68) daughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087. The period from 1135 to 1153 during which the succession was fought over is known as The Anarchy.


Coronation of Stephen

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41) was crowned I King England: Blois at Westminster Abbey.


Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton

On 22 Aug 1138 William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York 1101-1179 (37) fought at Cowton Moor, Northallerton, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton). William "The Younger" Peverell 1080-1155 (58) and Robert III Stuteville -1186 commanded the English forces. David I King Scotland 1084-1153 (54) and his son Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152 (24) fought on the Scottish side.The name of the battle derived from the Standards (banners) of the Bishops of Durham, York, Beverly and Ripon which were flown from a mast mounted on a cart. The English defeated the Scots.


Massacre at Vitry-le-François

In 1142 the forces of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (22) seized Vitry-le-François. Over 1000 residents were killed when the church in which they had sought protection was set on fire.


First Battle of Lincoln

On 02 Feb 1141 the army of Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (38) commanded by Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester 1099-1147 (41) defeated the army of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (47).Matilda's army included Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester 1099-1153 (42) and Madog ap Maredudd Mathrafal Prince Powys -1160. Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (47), Gilbert Gaunt 1st Earl Lincoln 1126-1156 (15), William "The Younger" Peverell 1080-1155 (61) and Ilbert Lacy 3rd Baron Pontefract -1141 were captured. William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York 1101-1179 (40) fought for Stephen, his cousin.


Louis and Eleanor's Marriage Dissolved

On 11 Mar 1152 the marriage of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (32) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) was dissolved by Hugh Toucy Archbishop Sens -1168 in Beaugency, Loiret on the grounds of consanguinity.Both Louis and Eleanor were present as were the Archbishops of Rouen and Bordeaux. Samson Mauvoison Archbishop Reims -1161 acted on behalf of Eleanor.In dissolving the marriage Louis lost control of the Duchy of Aquitaine which was to have far reaching consequences for the next three centuries.


Theobald of Blois attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 21 Mar 1152 Theobald "Good" Blois V Count Blois 1130-1191 (22) attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) from Blois who fled in the middle of the night taking a barge to Tours.


Geoffrey of Anjou attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

Around 26 Mar 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count Nantes 1134-1158 (17) attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) from Port de Piles, Vienne where she intended to cross the River Creuse.Once again Eleanor escaped.


Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19); once conquered.


Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (50) in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.


Henry II Sails to England

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) submit to Henry's authority.


Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) arrived at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) had commenced in 1152.


Eustace of Blois Dies

On 17 Aug 1153 King Stephen's eldest son Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne 1130-1153 (23) died at Bury St Edmunds.Probably from food poisoning, possibly murdered for having sacked the Abbey.


Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59).The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (63) at Westminster in Christmas 1153.


Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (52), and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.


Louis VII marries Constance of Castile

In 1154 Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (34) and Constance of Castile 1140-1160 (14) were married in Orleans.Somewhat curiously they were more closely related than Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (34) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) whose married had been annulled for that reason.


Death of King Stephen

On 25 Oct 1154 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (60) died at Priory of St Martin, Dover, Kent.


Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21), the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (1) left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England.


Henry II Lands Southampton

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and his party landed near Southampton, Hampshire.


Coronation of Henry and Eleanor

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.


Henry II travels to Normandy

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) crossed from Dover, Kent to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy 1089-1179 (67) was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (66) and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (38).Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers 1125-1193 (31).


Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) paid homage to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (36) for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine.


Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (23) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) were reunited in Saumur.


Louis VII marries Adela of Blois

On 13 Nov 1160 Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (40) and Adèle Blois were married a month or so after his second wife had died in childbirth; Louis needed an heir.


Henry II and Louis II make Peace

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (41) met at Fréteval and made peace.