1270-1299 Welsh and Scottish Wars

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster.


Second Council of Lyons

In 1272 Thomas Cantilupe Bishop Hereford 1218-1282 (54) attended the Second Council of Lyons


Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England..


Welsh Wars

Treaty of Aberconwy

In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (37) and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282.As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw 1232-1282 was released from Dolbadarn Castle, Dolbadarn, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.


Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

On 17 Jun 1282 the army of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) were ambushed by the Welsh at Llandeilo, Camarthenshire, South West Wales. William "The Younger" Valence -1282 was killed..Much of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) 's army of 1600 men was destroyed.


Battle of Moel-y-don

On 12 Nov 1282 the English forces attempted to cross the Menai Straits to invade Gwynedd without waiting for the arrival of Edward's larger force.The battle was a rout. Roger Clifford 1243-1282 drowned.The brothers William Burnell -1282 and Philip Burnell -1282 were killed..


Battle of Orewin Bridge

On 11 Dec 1282 an English force including John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (50) defeated a Welsh force at Builth Wells, Radnorshire, Welsh March during the Battle of Orewin Bridge.The Welsh leader Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 killed effectively bringing to an end the independence of Wales.


Siege of Conwy Castle

In Dec 1294 Madog ap Llywelyn besieged King England: Plantagenet Angevin in Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales for three months.


Battle of Maes Moydog

On 05 Mar 1295 William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298 (58) defeated the army of Madog ap Llywelyn during the Battle of Maes Moydog at Llanfair Caereinion, Radnorshire, Welsh March.English losses were around 100 dead, Welsh around 700.


First War of Scottish Independence

Capture of Berwick 1296

On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (21) captured Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (56). Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 was killed during the course of the siege.'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred. So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon..


Battle of Dunbar

On 27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar was fought between John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (65) and John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland 1249-1314 (47), his son in law. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 and John Comyn 3rd Earl Buchan -1308 were captured.The English routed the disorganised Scots in a single charge.Few died; many were captured..


Marriage of Princess Elizabeth and John of Holland

On 08 Jan 1297 John Gerulfing I Count Holland 1284-1299 (13) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (14) were married at Ipswich, Suffolk.Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (14) by marriage Count Holland.The wedding was attended by her sister Margaret Plantagenet Duchess Brabant 1275-1333, her father King Edward I (57), her brother Edward (12) and her future second husband Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (21).


Battle of Stirling Bridge

On 11 Sep 1297 the combined forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the forces of John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (66) near Stirling Bridge, Stirling during the Battle of Stirling Bridge.After around half the English had crossed the narrow bridge the Scots attacked subjecting the English to a significant defeat.


Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298

In 1298 Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 attended at York, Yorkshire during the Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298


Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat.The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333
Robert Fitzroger
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (-407) fought.