1330-1339 Edward III and Scottish Independence

Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive.It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.


Battle of Teba

On 25 Aug 1330 James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (44) was killed during the Battle of Teba at Teba whilst en route to the Holy Land with the heart of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329


Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer

On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville 1299-1335 (30), William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (20), William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 (26) and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (29), friends of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) secretly entered Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire through tunnels, met with Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17), and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) and his son Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (35).


Execution of Roger Mortimer

On 29 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) was hanged naked at Tyburn, Middlesex accused of assuming royal power and of various other high misdemeanours.His body hung at the gallows for two days and nights.


Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Wester Kinghorn

On 06 Aug 1332 a Scottish army led by Duncan Fife 4th Earl Fife 1288-1353 (44) and Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale -1332 unsuccessfully attempted to oppose the forces of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) landing near Kinghorn, Fife at a skirmish known as the Battle of Wester Kinghorn.Alexander Seton the Younger 1290-1332 (42) was killed.


Battle of Dupplin Moor

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49), supported by the English.The Bruce army included Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray, Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale -1332, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293-.The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (23), Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (30), Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred 1292-1365 and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (22).The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.
Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale -1332 was killed leading a charge.
Nicholas Hay 1285-1333 (47) was killed.


Battle of Annan Moor

On 16 Dec 1332 the Battle of Annan Moor was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49), supported by the English.The Bruce army, led by, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (34), supported by John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (26) and Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 (16) surprised Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) and his supporters at Annan and threw them out of Scotland..


Battle of Dornock

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (50), supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339.The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (33) was captured and spent two years in prison..


Battle of Halidon Hill

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland. John Plantagenet 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (16) commanded.
English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (33), who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (56), Robert Pierrepoint -1334, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (30), Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 and John Sully 1283-1388 (50). One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 who was killed.
The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9). Alexander Bruce -1333, Alan Stewart -1333, James Stewart 1276-1333, John Stewart -1333, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (35), Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 (36) and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 who were all killed.


Battle of Culblean

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (26) was killed at Culblean during the Battle of Culblean. Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (23) also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (52).