1390-1399-Henry IV Takes the English Crown
St George's Day Jousting
On 23 May 1390, St George's Day, a Jousting Tournament was held at London Bridge, Bridge, City of London. David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford 1360-1407 so easily unhorsed the King's Champion John Welles 5th Baron Welles 1352-1421 as to make the crowd suspect Lindsay of foul play by fastening himself to his saddle.To prove the crowd wrong David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford 1360-1407 leapt from his horse in full armour, then back again.Realising John Welles 5th Baron Welles 1352-1421 was injured he rushed to his aid.He visited Welles every day until he recovered.The two became firm friends.
Death of Anne of Bohemia
On 07 Jun 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace, Sheen_Richmond_Surrey. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace, Sheen_Richmond_Surrey.
Funeral of Anne of Bohemia
On 03 Aug 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1375-1400 (18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.
Richard II Travels to Ireland
In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423 (44).
Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois
On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) were married.The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France.He twenty-nine, she six.The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown.
Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel
Richard II Rewards his Supporters
On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397).Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 was created 1st Duke Surrey..
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397.Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397).Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397).Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397).Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).
Thomas Mowbray Duel
Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland
In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..
Death of John of Gaunt
Richard II's Last Will
Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland
In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..
Henry IV lands at Ravenspur
On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (58) appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399, Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with Thomas Rempston -1406.
Execution of Richard II's Favourites
On 29 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399, Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 were beheaded at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire.
Richard II Abdication
On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle, Flint, Flintshire, North-East Wales.
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.
Coronation of Henry IV
On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword..
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 attended.