1390-1399 Henry IV Accedes

St George's Day Jousting

On 23 May 1390, St George's Day, a Jousting Tournament was held at London Bridge, Bridge, City of London. David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford 1360-1407 so easily unhorsed the King's Champion John Welles 5th Baron Welles 1352-1421 as to make the crowd suspect Lindsay of foul play by fastening himself to his saddle.To prove the crowd wrong David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford 1360-1407 leapt from his horse in full armour, then back again. Realising John Welles 5th Baron Welles 1352-1421 was injured he rushed to his aid. He visited Welles every day until he recovered. The two became firm friends.


Death of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey.


Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1375-1400 (18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.


Richard II Travels to Ireland

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423 (44).


Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin). The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France.He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to secure the Crown.


Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30).


On 21 Sep 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was tried at Westminster. He (51) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London immediately thereafter.


Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397).Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey..
Richard also awarded Dukedoms to his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397.Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397).Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397).Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397).Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).


Thomas Mowbray Duel

Before 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV (31) reported to King Richard II (31) that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) had made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule.Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Caludon, Coventry, Warwickshire, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.


On 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV (31) spent the night at Baginton Castle,Bagington, Warwickshire, the home of his friend William Bagot.Thomas Mowbray (30) spent the night at his home Caludon Castle, Caludon, Coventry, Warwickshire.


On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between the future Henry IV (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30).the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed.Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) managed the proceedings.Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it.After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled.the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.


Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor.


Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.


Richard II's Last Will

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks ... we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25).
Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors ...
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49), William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 our cousin."


Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor.


Henry IV lands at Ravenspur

On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (58) appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49), Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with Thomas Rempston -1406.


Execution of Richard II's Favourites

On 28 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) was captured at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire.


On 29 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49), Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 were beheaded at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire.


Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.


On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle, Flint, Flintshire, North-East Wales.


On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.


On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster.He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.


Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) attended.