1400-1414 Epiphany Rising and Rebellions Against Henry IV

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (27), and began to raise an army in London.

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester, Gloucestershire Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town.
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (26) was beheaded. His brother Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (16) succeeded as 4th Earl Kent (6C 1360), 5th Baron Holland.
John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) was captured, tried and beheaded.
Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured.

On 12 Jan 1400 Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (48) was hanged at Oxford, Oxfordshire by Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (45). .

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) was beheaded at Bristol, Gloucestershire. .

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey, Essex. His son John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded as 2nd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388).

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was tried by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. .

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was beheaded at Tyburn, Middlesex. .

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire.

On 26 Jul 1400 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (26) some six months after her father had been beheaded during the Epiphany Rising.

Parliament Henry IV 2: Jan 1401-Mar 1401

Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

After 07 Jan 1400. . Henry IV's (32) Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent, John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon (48), John Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury, Thomas, formerly Lord Despenser (26), and Ralph Lumley, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the king (32), contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

In Mar 1401. . Henry IV's (33) Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request "... the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church ...".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others."
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.

Battle of Nesbit Moor

On 22 Jun 1402 George Dunbar 10th Earl March 1338-1420 (64) commanded a force of around 200 men from the Berwick garrison who defeated a Scottish army of around 400 men at Nisbet during the Battle of Nesbit Moor. Patrick "Younger" of Hailes Hepburn -1402 (64) was killed. John Cockburn, Thomas Haliburton, John Haliburton and Robert Lawedre -1425 were captured.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) lay in wait at at Homildon Hill, Northumberland for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland.The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (44) fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh.By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (43).
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31).
Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) was killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded as 6th Earl Stafford (1C 1351), 7th Baron Stafford (1C 1299). Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Baroness Stafford (1C 1299).
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.

Northern Rising

Around Mar 1405 William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (55) refused to pass sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) who were accused of involvement in the Northern Rising asserting their right to be tried by peers. They were both subsequently executed.

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor, Shipton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire.Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .

On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York.The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

On 08 Jun 1405 before a great crowd at York, Yorkshire ...
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) was beheaded. Possibly the only execution of an Archbishop that occurred in England.
Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded. His brother John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (13) succeeded as 5th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312), 3rd Earl Nottingham (2C 1383), 8th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 9th Baron Segrave (1C 1295).

On 20 Jul 1405 John Fauconberg -1405 was beheaded in Durham, County Durham.

John II King Castile Succeeds

On 25 Dec 1406 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (27) died. His son John II King Castile 1405-1454 (1) succeeded as II King Castile.

Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418 (34) and Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (25) decisively defeated the Welsh army at the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk. Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 (30) was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern 1357-1405 (48) was killed. The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle.The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain Glyndŵr's (46) revolt.

Murder of Louis of Orleans

On 23 Nov 1407 Louis Valois Duke Touraine, I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (35) was murdered on the orders of John "Fearless" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (36) at Paris. His son Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (12) succeeded as Duke Orléans.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion.
Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (66) was killed.
Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf 1369-1408 (38) was killed. His daughter Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 (17) succeeded as 6th Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk. William Phelip 6th Baron Bardolf 1383-1441 (25) by marriage 6th Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk.

Battle of Île-de-Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) was killed at Île-de-Bréhat during the Battle of Île-de-Bréhat. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul, Bourne, Lincolnshire.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded as V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414). .

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory, Leicester, Leicestershire. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (35) was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons.It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.