1400-1414 Epiphany Rising and Rebellions Against Henry IV

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400, Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400, Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45).They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (27), and began to raise an army in London..

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester, Gloucestershire Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 and John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) were both captured, tried and beheaded. Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) was captured..

On 12 Jan 1400 Thomas Blount 1352-1400 was hanged at Oxford, Oxfordshire by Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (45)..

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 was beheaded at Bristol, Gloucestershire..

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 was executed at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey, Essex..

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) was tried by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London..

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) was beheaded at Tyburn, Middlesex..

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire

On 26 Jul 1400 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester 1400-1439 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (26) some six months after her father had been beheaded during the Epiphany Rising.

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire

Parliament Henry IV 2: Jan 1401-Mar 1401

Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 at Knighton, Radnorshire, Welsh March, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain's (43) daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux 1361-1402 died from wounds.

Battle of Nesbit Moor

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 lay in wait at at Homildon Hill, Northumberland for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland.The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh.By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr (43).
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

On 14 Sep 1402 John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (35) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31). Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) were killed. Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (51) was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403, Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (42) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 was hanged.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor, Shipton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire.Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .
On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.
On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York.The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.
On 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded before a great crowd at York, Yorkshire for having led the Northern Rising.
On 20 Jul 1405 John Fauconberg -1405 was beheaded in Durham, County Durham

Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418 and Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (25) decisively defeated the Welsh army at the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk. Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern 1357-1405 killed.The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle.The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain Glyndŵr's (46) revolt.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby_0000037515 's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion.Of the rebels Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 and Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf 1369-1408 were killed..

Siege of Harlech Castle

In 1408 Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 died at Harlech Castle, Harlech, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales during the Siege of Harlech Castle

Battle of Île-de-Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 killed at Île-de-Bréhat during the Battle of Île-de-Bréhat.He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul, Bourne, Lincolnshire.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem.His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent of Canterbury Cathedral.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 was appointed Lord High Constable..
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (23) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414)..

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 was appointed Lord High Constable..
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (23) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414)..

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (24) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414)..

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory, Leicester, Leicestershire. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons.It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.