1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses, Warwick Rebels

Execution of Warwick's Supporters

On 17 Jan 1469 Thomas Hungerford -1469 and Henry Courtenay -1469 were beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) for having supported Warwick The Kingmaker's Rebellion.

Amnesty

On 11 Jun 1469 an Amnesty was declared excepting Humphrey Neville 1439-1469.

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (36) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais, Calais{Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais} witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41). Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duchess Clarence (3C 1461).

Battle of Edgecote Moor

On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor.The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (34) and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469. Thomas Vaughan 1400-1469 (69), John Wogan -1469, Henry Neville 1437-1469, John Conyers 1420-1469 (49) and Oliver Dudley 1437-1469 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (29), John Conyers -1490 and William Parr 1434-1483 fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and John Woodville 1445-1469 were captured. Richard Herbert 1423-1469 was beheaded.

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was captured by his brother George (19) at Olney, Buckinghamshire after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Execution of the Woodvilles

On 12 Aug 1469 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and his son John Woodville 1445-1469 were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 and Charles Neville -1469 were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41)bringing to and end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Welles' Rebellion

On Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 was executed at Queen's Cross, Stamford, Lincolnshire during the Welles' Rebellion

On 12 Mar 1470 Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 was beheaded at Queen's Cross, Stamford, Lincolnshire during the Welles' Rebellion

On 19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was beheaded at Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire during the Welles' Rebellion.He was buried at Whitefriars, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.

Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) fought at Empingham, Rutlandshire during the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was captured.

Battle of Nibley Green

On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (44) including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 at Nibley Green, Berkeley, Gloucestershire. Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 was killed.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral, Angers{Angers Cathedral}. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47). Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

Edward IV escapes to Flanders

In Sep 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) fled from King's Lynn, Norfolk to the court of Charles the Bold (36) who was married to his sister Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 two years earlier.

Re-adeption of Henry VI

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (48) was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (50) was released.

Execution of John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester

Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey.His father was abroad in Flanders.His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494.

Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were married at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) was appointed as Princess Wales.

Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

On 14 Mar 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40).

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485, Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed.Henry Stafford 1425-1471 was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40), William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. !Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought..
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 was killed.

Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth

On 14 Apr 1471 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (41) lands at Weymouth, Dorset with John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71).

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured.Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed.He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (10) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (31) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed

On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton 1405-1471 was beheaded at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire..

Death of Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI (49) died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London.Death of Henry VI

Edward created Prince of Wales

On 26 Jun 1471 Edward, the future Edward V was appointed Prince Wales. Thomas Vaughan Master 1410-1483 (61) was knighted.

Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) were married at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster.Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) by marriage 1st Duchess Gloucester (3C 1461).

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55).

06 Jun 1474.Westminster.Parliament Rolls.Edward IV Oct 1472.Second Roll.Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471{Richard Nevyle}, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale sometime of Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV (33) signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard (50) and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

Death of the Duke of Norfolk

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (31) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk.Suspicious since he was only 32.His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- two years later.

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460{Richard of York} and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36)..

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire. John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34).

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray (5) were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster.She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476.The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11), Mary York 1467-1482 and Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507.The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London. William Hussey 1443-1495 conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.