1520-May 1536-Field of the Cloth of Gold

Field of the Cloth of Gold

In Jun 1520 Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (31) attended Field of the Cloth of Gold.

On Jun 1520 Henry VIII (28) hosted Field of the Cloth of Gold at Balinghem.
Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (42) carried the Sword of State.
John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (45) attended as Henry VIII's chaplain.
Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye 1484-1539 (36), Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (42), Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533, William Coffin Master 1495-1538 (25), William "Great" Courtenay 1477-1535 (43), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542, William Paston 1479-1554, William Denys 1470-1533 (50), Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (25), William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (22), John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562, Henry Guildford 1489-1532, Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545, William Compton 1482-1528, William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534, Thomas Cheney 1485-1558, Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (69), John Rodney 1461-1528 (59), John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (34), William Sidney 1482-1554, John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (20), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (49), Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550, Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525, Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer 1472-1521, Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 attended.
William Carey 1500-1528 jousted. Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545 attended.
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (50) organised.
Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 attended.
Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 was present.

After Jun 1520 William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (50) was created 1st Baron Sandys Vyne for having organised the Field of the Cloth of Gold.

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

In Apr 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was arrested and imprisoned at Tower of London. He was accused of listening to prophecies of the King's death and intending to kill the King. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (47) presided at his trial. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (43) and Henry Guildford 1489-1532 acted as judges. Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533 and Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 as jurors.

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire.

Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

On May 1522 Henry VIII (30) met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (22) at Dover, Kent. William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534, William Compton 1482-1528, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (36) and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (51) were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

Sacking of Morlaix

On 01 Jul 1522 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (79) was present at Morlaix during the Sacking of Morlaix. Giles Hussey 1495- was knighted by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (79).

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6), Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33).
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (31) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (7) and Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 were married at Bridewell Palace.

Battle of Pavia

On 24 Feb 1525 Richard Pole 1480-1525 was killed during the Battle of Pavia. Robert Stewart 4th Lord Aubigny 1470-1544 fought.
Louis II de la Tremoille 1460-1525 (64) was killed

Anne Boleyn

Cranmer appointed Archbishop Canterbury

After 01 Sep 1532 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43), whilst staying in Mantua, received a royal letter dated 01 Sep 1532 by which he was appointed Archbishop Canterbury ; he was ordered to return to England.Cranmer's appointment, supported, if not arranged, by the Boleyn family who he subsequently supported.

Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (31) was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII (41) performing the investiture at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (55), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (58), Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley 1495-1551 (37), Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop York 1482-1544 (50), John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (57) were present.
Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester 1483-1555 (49) read the Patent of Creation.
Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (12) carried Anne's (31) train replacing her mother Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (35) who had been banished from Court.Anne (31) and Mary Howard 1519-1557{she} were cousins.

Henry and Anne Visit France

Around Nov 1532 Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (31) met with Francis I King France 1494-1547 (38) at Calais. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (16) was present.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (45) at Whitehall Palace. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1515-1564, Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 witnessed.

Statute in Restraint of Appeals

In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII (41) forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions.Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.

Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid

On 23 May 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury (43) declared the marriage of Henry VIII (41) and Catherine of Aragon (47) invalid.

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) at Westminster Abbey.See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (15) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 rode in the procession. William Coffin Master 1495-1538 (38) was appointed as Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker 1513-1552 and William Coffin Master 1495-1538 (38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (44) attended.
Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (55) refused to attend.Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 07 Sep 1533 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 was born to Henry VIII (42) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32).

On 10 Sep 1533 the future Elizabeth I was christened at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent.
Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (29), Walter Blount, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (44) and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the covered gilt basin. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 escorted the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (15) carried the Salt. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (36) carried the Chrisom. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (56) carried Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (37) carried a taper of virgin wax.
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (24), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (56), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (38) and George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 supported the train of the mantle.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59), William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) and John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 carried the canopy.

Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

On 28 Nov 1533 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (14) and Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) were married.Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) by marriage Duchess of Richmond and Somerset. Another coup for the Howard Family especially in view of Henry Fitzroy being considered by some as a possible heir in view of Anne Boleyn's

Mar 1534 First Act of Succession

On 13 Apr 1534 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (56) was asked to appear before a commission and swear his allegiance Act of Succession.He refused to take the oath and was duly imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.Whilst there Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 made several visits in an attempt to persuade More to comply.

1534 Treasons Act

After 1534 Parliament enacted the Treason Act made it treason, punishable by death, to not swear an oath recognising the King Henry VIII (42) as the "... Only Head of the Church of England ...".

First Act of Supremacy

On 03 Nov 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Supremacy by which Henry VIII (43) and his heirs were declared to be Supreme Head of the Church of England.Henry had now abandoned Rome completely.

Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

Before 22 Jun 1535 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (47) presided over the trial of John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (65) and Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) both of whom refused to take the Oath Of Supremacy.The judges including Anne Boleyn's father William Boleyn 1451-1505 and brother Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (58).Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 brought Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Leez 1497-1567 as a witness who testified that Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) had denied that the King was the legitimate head of the Church.However, Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (32) to the contrary.
The jury took, somewhat unsurprisingly, only fifteen minutes to conclude Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) was guilty.He was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered; the King (43) commuted this to beheading.

On 22 Jun 1535 John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (65) was beheaded on Tower Hill.

Death of Catherine of Aragon

On 07 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon (50) died at Kimbolton Castle, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire in the arms of her great friend Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby.

Henry VIII Tournament

On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII (44) held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon died. Henry VIII (44) was badly injured causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter.It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic.

Death of the Brandon Children

On 14 Jul 1551 Henry Brandon 2nd Duke Suffolk 1535-1551 and Charles Brandon 3rd Duke Suffolk 1537-1551 died of sweating sickness in the Bishop of Lincoln's Palace, Buckden, Cambridgeshire.Henry's brother Charles Brandon 3rd Duke Suffolk 1537-1551 succeeded as 3rd Duke Suffolk (2C 1514) although he too died an hour later.

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon

On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Chancel, Peterborough Cathedral, Peterborough, Northamptonshire at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII (44) refused their daughter Henry VIII (44) permission to attend.On the same day Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) miscarried a boy; regarded as the start of Anne's demise.

Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn

On 02 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (35) was charged with treason and accused of 'despising her marriage and entertaining malice against the King, and following daily her frail and carnal lust'.She was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Five ladies were appointed to serve Anne whilst in prison including her aunt by marriage Elizabeth Wood, wife of her uncle James Boleyn -1561 and her aunt Anne Boleyn 1475-1556.

Trial of Anne Boleyn

On 15 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (35) tried at the King's Hall in the Tower of London..
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (62) was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 was the principal witness.
The jurors were:
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545,
Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585,
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (48),
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (44),
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562,
Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38),
Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal, 10th Baron Morley 1476-1556,
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (27),
Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560,
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65),
Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551,
Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (40),
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527,
Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550,
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40),
William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (60),
Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (24),
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48),
Edward Powers Lord Powers,
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (66),
Thomas Ware,
Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (69), and
George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (39).

Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused

On 17 May 1536 George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536, Henry Norreys 1482-1536 and Mark Smeaton 1512-1536 (24) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Catherine Carey 1524-1569 and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16).
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul."
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London