1559-1579-Elizabeth I

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 15 Jan 1559 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (25) was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor by Owen Oglethorpe Bishop Carlisle 1507-1559 (52) at Westminster Abbey.
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Nicholas Heath Archbishop York 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.

Funeral of Frances Brandon

On 05 Dec 1559 Frances Brandon Marchioness Dorset 1517-1559 was buried in St Edmund's Chapel in Westminster Abbey at a ceremony conducted by John Jewel Bishop Salisbury 1522-1571 (37).Her daughter Catherine Grey Countess Hertford 1540-1568 (19) was Chief Mourner. Mary Grey 1545-1578 was present.Her effigy was paid for by Adrian Stokes: recumbent effigy is dressed in the ermine robes signifying she was a duchess with a pendant around her neck possibly designed by Cornelius Cure.

1562 News Years Day Gift Giving

On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation.Queen Elizabeth (28) was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie.".
For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge (22), a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it.With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange (30) on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange.She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter Mary Tudor.Margaret Clifford (22) was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.
Dukes, Marquises and Earls
By the Duke of Norfolke (25), in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde £20 0s 0d.
By the William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572, High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Northampton (50), in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Arundell (49), Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Shrewesburye (34), in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Darbye (52), in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Pembroke (61), in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Bedforde (35), in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Rutlande (35), in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Westmerlande (37), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Oxforde (46), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Thomas Percy 7th Earl Northumberland 1528-1572, in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.
By the Earle of Warwike (32), a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke.Delivered to the Lady Cobham (23).
By the Viscounte Mountague (33), in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
Bishops.The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.
By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury (57), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £40 0s 0d.
By the Archbusshop of York (61), in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Duresme (41), in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Ely (68), in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Wynchester (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of London (42), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Salisbury (39), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Edwin Sandys Archbishop York 1519-1588, in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lyncoln (41), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chychester (64), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Norwich (50), in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Hereforde (52), in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry (48), in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Rochester (48), in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Saint Davies (55), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Duchesses and Countesses
By the Duchess of Norfolke (22), in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset 1497-1587, in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Probably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.
By the Frances Vere 1583-1583, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.
By the Countess of Pembroke (38), in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Bridget Hussey Countess Bedford 1526-1601, in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Darby, in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Oxford (36), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager, in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury (37), in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager (51), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon (24), in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Northumberland (24), in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Margaret St John Countess Bedford 1533-1562, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
Viscountesses
By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager (41), six hankercheffes edged with gold.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Vicountess Mountague (24), in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Lordes
By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579, in a purse of silver knytt, in angells £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d
By the William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563, in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Leez 1497-1567, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564, in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the John Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1533-1609, in a paper, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Edward Hastings 1st Baron Hastings Loughborough 1521-1571, in a red silk purse, in French crowns £13 0s 0d.
By the Henry Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1501-1563, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Windsor (29), in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
By John Grey 1524-1564, a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt.Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq. Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate.Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530.
By the Henry Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1534-1613, in a red purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Edward Neville 7th Baron Bergavenny 1526-1588, in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Henry Scrope 9th Baron Scrope Bolton 1534-1592, in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Caree of Hundesdon (35), in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Strainge (30), in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Lord Strange being the courtesy title for the Earldom of Derby. He wouldn't inherit until 1572.
By the John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche -1581, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shefild (24), in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos -1573, in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
Ladyes
By the Lady Howarde (47), in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Clinton (35), a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Lady Pagett, in gold £6 13s 4d.
By the Katherine Howard Baroness Berkeley 1538-1596, Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Mountejoye (29), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon (33), in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Margaret Skipwith Baroness Tailboys{Lady Taylboyes}, Sir Peter Carewe's (48) wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Cobham (23), a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke.Re-delivered to herself.
By the Margaret Fiennes 11th Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1541-1612, a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim.With her said Majestie.
By the Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608, a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Margaret Howard Baroness Scrope Bolton{Lady Scrope}, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells £7 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shandowes (37), a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham
By the Catherine Carey 1524-1569, a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk.Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.
By the Frances Radclyffe -1602, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.

Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

On 08 Sep 1560 , the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart -1560 died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place, Abingdon, Berkshire.She was wife of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (28), favourite of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (27). Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (28) was with Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (27) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire at the time.Foul play was suspected but not proven.The event was regarded as suspicious by many.The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.

Battle of Corrichie

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (30) visited Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (54) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43). William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.John Astley Master of the Jewel House 1507-1595 (57) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.

Marriage of Richard Keyes and Mary Grey

On 19 Aug 1565 Thomas Keyes 1523-1571 (41) and Mary Grey 1545-1578 were married.Elizabeth Stafford 1546-1599 and Ursula Stafford 1553- were witnesses.

Elizabeth I's visit to Oxford University

Marriage of Mary "Queen of Scots" and James Hepburn

On 15 May 1567 James "Lord Bothwell" Hepburn 1st Duke Orkney 1534-1578 (33) and Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (24) were married in the Great Hall, Holyrood House, Holyrood.

Battle of St Denis

On 10 Nov 1567 brothers John Norreys 1547-1597 and William Norreys 1548-1579 were present at St Denis during the Battle of St Denis.

Battle of Langside

In 1568 Robert Seton 1st Earl Winton 1553-1603 (15) fought during the Battle of Langside

On 13 May 1568 William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 fought at Langside, Glasgow during the Battle of Langside

On 13 May 1568 John Campbell -1568 killed at Langside, Glasgow during the Battle of Langside

Battle of Langside Regent

Battle of Langside Mary Queen of Scots

Rising of the North

In 1569 Christopher Neville distinguished himself.during the Rising of the North

In 1569 Cuthbert Neville 1549-1569 died during the Rising of the North

In 1569 Egremont Radclyffe -1578 took part during the Rising of the North

In 1569 Charles Neville 6th Earl Westmoreland 1542-1601 (26) took part during the Rising of the North

Ridolphi Plot

On 29 Aug 1571 Norfolk's secretaries William Barker and Robert Higford entrusted to Thomas Browne, a Shrewsbury draper, what was purported to be a bag of silver coin for delivery to Laurence Bannister, one of Norfolk's officials in the north of England. Browne grew suspicious of the bag's weight, opened it, and discovered 600 pounds in gold from the French ambassador, destined for Scotland on Mary's behalf, and ciphered letters. Because he knew Norfolk was under suspicion, Browne reported his find to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (49), the Secretary of State. Higford and Barker were interrogated, the letters were partly deciphered, and a search for the cipher key at Howard House uncovered a ciphered letter from Mary Stuart hidden under a doormat.

Around Mar 1571 the Ridolphi Plot was a Catholic plan to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (37) and replace her with her with Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28) would would marry Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34).Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (37) and Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34) were cousins through their Great Grandmother Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

On 07 Sep 1571 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (35) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.

In Jan 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (35) was tried for high treason for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (36) acted as judge.George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (44) was appointed as Lord High Steward for the trial.

On 02 Jun 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (36) was executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Around Sep 1571 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 was implicated in the Ridolphi Plot and imprisoned at home for months.

Jul 1575 Rathlin Island Massacre

Francis Walsingham's Mission to the Low Countries

In 1578 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (50) joined at Low Countries during the Francis Walsingham's Mission to the Low Countries.

Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings

On 04 Aug 1578 Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 (24) killed at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings.He was succeeded by his great uncle Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portgal 1512-1580.