1640-1649 Civil War and Regicide

Short Parliament

In 1640 Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury Lleweni 1612-1643 was elected as MP Denbighshire during the Short Parliament


In 1640 Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (40) was elected as MP Bath during the Short Parliament


In 1640 Edward Phelips 1613-1680 (27) was elected as MP Ilchester during the Short Parliament


In 1640 Thomas Lyttelton 1st Baronet 1593-1650 (47) was elected MP Worcestershire in the Short Parliament.


On Feb 1640 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (19) was elected as MP Shrewsbury during the Short Parliament


On 20 Feb 1640 Henry Berkeley 1579-1667 was elected as MP Ilchester during the Short Parliament


On 20 Feb 1640 John Glanville 1586-1661 (54) was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons during the Short Parliament.


On Mar 1640 Sidney Godolphin 1610-1643 was elected as MP Helston during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Francis Pierrepoint -1659 was elected as MP East Retford during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Edward Rodney 1590-1657 (49) was elected as MP Wells during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Philip Sidney 3rd Earl Leicester 1619-1698 (21) was elected as MP Yarmouth Isle of Wight during the Short Parliament


In Apr 1640 Dudley North 4th Baron North 1602-1677 was elected MP Cambridgeshire in the Short Parliament.


On Apr 1640 Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 was elected as MP Weymouth and Melcombe Regis during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 William Pierrepoint 1608-1678 was elected as MP Shropshire during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Christopher Wray 1601-1646 was elected as MP Grimsby during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Charles Cecil 1619-1660 was elected as MP Hertford during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Simon Archer 1581-1662 (58) was elected as MP Tamworth during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 William Fitzwilliam 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam 1609-1658 (31) was elected as MP Peterborough during the Short Parliament.


On Apr 1640 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (54) was elected as MP Dorset during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (47) was elected as MP Maldon during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 was elected as MP Malmesbury during the Short Parliament.


In Apr 1640 Edmund Waller Poet 1606-1687 (34) was elected MP Amersham in the Short Parliament.


On Apr 1640 William Waller 1597-1668 (43) was elected as MP Andover during the Short Parliament


In Apr 1640 Robert Crane 1st Baronet Crane 1586-1643 (54) was elected MP Sudbury in the Short Parliament.


On Apr 1640 William Heveningham 1604-1678 (36) was elected as MP Stockbridge during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 John Wray 2nd Baronet Glentworth 1586-1655 (53) was elected as MP Lincolnshire during the Short Parliament


On Apr 1640 Henry Poole 1592-1652 (48) was elected as MP Chichester during the Short Parliament


In Apr 1640 Samuel Sandys 1615-1685 was elected MP Droitwich.
Thomas Jermyn 1573-1645 (67) was elected MP Cambridge University.
Thomas Jermyn 1617-1659 was elected MP Corfe Castle.
Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (35) was elected MP Corfe Castle.
John Jennings -1642 was elected MP St Albans.
Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 was elected MP Surrey.
John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 was elected MP Derbyshire.
George Fane of Burston 1581-1640 (59) was elected MP Maidstone.


On Apr 1640 William Glynne -1648 was elected as MP Caernarfonshire during the Short Parliament.


On Apr 1640 John Glynne 1602-1666 (38) was elected as MP Westminster during the Short Parliament.


Long Parliament

In 1640 Edward Phelips 1613-1680 (27) was elected as MP Ilchester during the Long Parliament


In 1640 Simonds Ewes 1602-1650 (37) was elected as MP Sudbury during the Long Parliament


In 1640 John Poulett 2nd Baron Poulett 1615-1665 was elected as MP Somerset during the Long Parliament


On Oct 1640 Sidney Godolphin 1610-1643 was elected as MP Helston during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 was elected as MP Hereford during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 was elected as MP Derbyshire during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 was elected as MP Malmesbury during the Long Parliament.


On Nov 1640 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (20) was elected as MP Shrewsbury during the Long Parliament


In Nov 1640 Dudley North 4th Baron North 1602-1677 was elected MP Cambridgeshire in the Long Parliament.


On Nov 1640 John Craven 1st Baron Craven 1610-1648 was elected as MP Tewkesbury during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 William Pierrepoint 1608-1678 was elected as MP Great Wenlock during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Thomas Jermyn 1617-1659 was elected as MP Bury St Edmunds during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Edward Rodney 1590-1657 (50) was elected as MP Wells during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 was elected as MP Surrey during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Philip Sidney 3rd Earl Leicester 1619-1698 (21) was elected as MP Yarmouth Isle of Wight during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (55) was elected as MP Dorset during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 was elected as MP Bridport during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Humfrey Tufton 1st Baronet Tufton 1584-1659 was elected as MP Maidstone during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 John Wray 2nd Baronet Glentworth 1586-1655 (53) was elected as MP Lincolnshire during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Christopher Wray 1601-1646 was elected as MP Grimsby during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Charles Cecil 1619-1660 was elected as MP Hertford during the Long Parliament


In Nov 1640 John Coke 1607-1650 was elected MP Derbyshire in the Long Parliament which seat he held until his death in 1650.


In Nov 1640 Samuel Sandys 1615-1685 was elected MP Droitwich in the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (31) was elected as MP Cornwall during the Long Parliament.


On Nov 1640 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (52) was elected as MP East Retford during the Long Parliament


In Nov 1640 Thomas Fanshawe of Jenkins 1607-1651 was elected MP Lancaster in the Long Parliament.


On Nov 1640 William Fitzwilliam 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam 1609-1658 (31) was elected as MP Peterborough during the Long Parliament.


On Nov 1640 William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (67) was accused of treason during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (47) was elected as MP Maldon during the Long Parliament


In Nov 1640 Edmund Waller Poet 1606-1687 (34) was elected MP Ives in the Long Parliament.


In Nov 1640 Humphrey Coningsbury 1623- was elected MP Herefordshire in the Long Parliament.
William Heveningham 1604-1678 (36) was elected as MP Stockbridge during the Long Parliament.
Robert Crane 1st Baronet Crane 1586-1643 (54) was elected MP Sudbury in the Long Parliament holding the seat until his death in 1643.
John Jennings -1642 was elected as MP St Albans during the Long Parliament.
John Glynne 1602-1666 (38) was elected as MP Westminster during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1640 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (35) was elected as MP Bury St Edmunds during the Long Parliament


On Dec 1640 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (20) was elected as MP Woodstock during the Long Parliament


In 1641 John Russell 1620-1687 (21) was elected MP Tavistock in the Long Parliament.


On 03 May 1642 William Waller 1597-1668 (45) was elected as MP Andover during the Long Parliament


On Nov 1642 Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (65) was elected as MP Newton during the Long Parliament


In 1645 Francis Pierrepoint -1659 was elected as MP Nottingtham during the Long Parliament


In 1645 Francis Bacon 1600-1663 was elected MP Ipswich in the Long Parliament.


In May 1646 James Herbert 1623-1667 was elected MP Wiltshire in the Long Parliament.


Execution of the Earl of Strafford

On 12 May 1641 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1593-1641 (48) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
His execution was attended by an enormous crowd.


Battle of Liscarroll

In Jul 1642 David Barry 1st Earl Barrymore 1604-1642 (37) led a regiment at the Battle of Liscarroll.


Battle of Powick Bridge

On 23 Sep 1642 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) was wounded at during the Battle of Powick Bridge.
Lawrence Carey -1642 was killed.
Charles Lucas 1613-1648 was wounded.


Siege of Portsmouth

In Sep 1642 William Waller 1597-1668 (45) concluded the Siege of Portsmouth


Battle of Edge Hill

On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (55) was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.


On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire.The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661, and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21), Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643, Charles Cavendish 1620-1643, Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41), Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury Lleweni 1612-1643, John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55). George Stewart 1618-1642 and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed.Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51). Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 was wounded.
Samuel Sandys 1615-1685 commanded a troop of horse at the Battle of Edgehill.
Richard Sandys 1616-1642 was killed
Thomas Strickland 1621-1694 was knighted on the field for his gallantry at the Battle of Edge Hill.


Battle of Hopton Heath

On 19 Mar 1643 William Compton 1625-1663 and James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681 (20) fought for the Royalist army at Hopton Heath, Hopton, Staffordshire. Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) were killed.


Battle of Camp Hill

On 03 Apr 1643 William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (56) was wounded at Camp Hill, Birmingham, Warwickshire.


Battle of Stratton

On 16 May 1643 Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford 1599-1673 (44) fought for the Parliamentary army at Stratton, Cornwall.


Battle of Lansdowne

On 05 May 1643 the Battle of Lansdowne was fought near Lansdown Hill, Bath, Somerset.
Edward Leke -1643 was killed.
Bevil Granville 1595-1643 was killed at the at the head of the Cornish infantry as it reached the top of Lansdown Hill.He received a blow to the head with a pole-axe and was taken to the rectory at nearby Cold Ashton where he died.


Battle of Roundway Down

On 13 Jul 1643 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (22) fought at Roundway Down, Devizes, Wiltshire.


Battle of Gainsborough

After Mar 1643 the town of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire was placed under the command of the Royalist Robert Pierrepoint 1st Earl Kingston 1584-1643 (58) from which they harassed Parliamentarians in Lincolnshire.Royalist attacks at Louth and Market Rasen, together with the capture of gunpowder intended for Rotherham, provoked Parliament into action.


On 16 Jul 1643 Francis Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Parham -1666 launched a night attack on Gainsborough, Lincolnshire and captured it and Robert Pierrepoint 1st Earl Kingston 1584-1643 (58).
On 25 Jul 1643 Robert Pierrepoint 1st Earl Kingston 1584-1643 (58) was shot and killed accidentally while a prisoner on board a vessel bound for Hull.


On 28 Jul 1643 the Parliamentary arms commanded by Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (44) and the Royalist army commanded by Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 fought at the Battle of Gainsborough at North Scarle, Lincolnshire.
Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 was killed by James Berry -1691.He was buried at Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire.
On 04 Aug 1643 the Royalist Newdigate Poyntz 1608-1643 died probably from wounds received at the battle.


On 31 Jul 1643 Francis Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Parham -1666 surrendered Gainsborough, Lincolnshire to William Cavendish 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1592-1676 (50) after a three day siege.


Battle of Portlester

On 07 Aug 1643 Charles Moore 2nd Viscount Moore 1603-1643 (40) killed at Ballivor, County Meath.


First Battle of Newbury

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army.For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42)John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643, Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 (33) and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) were killed. Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.
Richard Neville 1615-1676 served under the Earl Carnarvon (33). Carnarvon was killed and Neville took up the command as a Colonel of Horse.
Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (25) was wounded.


Battle of Cheriton

On 29 Mar 1644 John Stewart 1621-1644 killed during the Battle of Cheriton fighting for the Royalists


Battle of Oswestry

On 22 Jun 1644 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (24) was captured during the Battle of Oswestry fighting for the Royalists.


Battle of Marston Moor

On 02 Jul 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor Alexander Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton 1588-1661 (56) fought at for the Royal army. Lionel Carey 1622-1644 was killed. John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (18) fought for the Parliamentary army.
At the Battle of Marston Moor Lucas swept Fairfax's Yorkshire horse before him, but later in the day he was taken prisoner, in a battle won decisively by Parliament.


17 Aug 1654. John Evelyns's Diary 1654. Passed through Pontefract; therichard castle famous for many sieges both of late and ancient times, and the death of that unhappy King murdered in it, was now demolishing by the Rebels; it stands on a mount, and makes a goodly show at a distance. The Queen (44) has a house here, and there are many fair seats near it, especially Mr. Pierrepont's (48), built at the foot of a hill out of the castle ruins. We all alighted in the highway to drink at a crystal spring, which they call Robin Hood's Well; near it, is a stone chair, and an iron ladle to drink out of, chained to the seat. We rode to Tadcaster, at the side of which we have prospect of the Archbishop's Palace (which is a noble seat), and in sight of divers other gentlemen's fair houses. This tract is a goodly, fertile, well-watered, and wooded country, abounding with pasture and plenty of provisions.
To York, the second city of England, fairly walled, of a circular form, watered by the brave river Ouse, bearing vessels of considerable burden on it; over it is a stone bridge emulating that of London, and built on; the middle arch is larger than any I have seen in England, with a wharf of hewn stone, which makes the river appear very neat. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King's house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.


Baptism of Henrietta Maria

On 21 Jul 1644 Henrietta Fitzjames Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 was baptised at Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon.John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1602-1678 attended.


Second Battle of Newbury

On 27 Oct 1644 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (47) fought for the Royalist Army at the Second Battle of Newbury.


On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (23) fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen, Newbury, Berkshire. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (53) was captured. Edward St John 1617-1644 killed.


Treaty of Uxbridge

In 1645 Bulstrode Whitelock 1605-1675 (39) was appointed as Commissioner at Uxbridge, Middlesex during the Treaty of Uxbridge


Siege of Scarborough Castle

In 1645 Henry Constable 1st Viscount Dunbar 1588-1645 was killed at the Siege of Scarborough Castle.


Battle of Naseby

On 14 Jun 1645 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (24) fought at Naseby, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Naseby for the Royalist army.
John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield 1606-1671 (38) fought for the King.
John Russell 1620-1687 (25) was wounded.


Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped from Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey with John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1602-1678.


Battle of Willoughby Field

On 05 Jul 1648 Michael Stanhope 1624-1648 was killed at Willoughby on the Wolds, Nottinghamshire during the Battle of Willoughby Field


Battle of St Neots

On 07 Jul 1648 Kenelm Digby 1625-1648 and Francis Villiers 1629-1648 (19) were killed.


On 10 Jul 1648 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 (57) fought for the Royalist army, and surrendered, by his account, on condition his life would be spared at St Neots, Huntingdonshire during the Battle of St Neots.


Battle of Preston

On 17 Aug 1648 John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (23) for the Royalist army at Walton-en-le-Dale, Preston, Lancashire during the Battle of Preston


Siege of Colchester

On 28 Aug 1648 Colchester, Essex surrendered to Parliament forces after a three month siege.
Charles Lucas 1613-1648 and George Lisle surrendered, subjected to a trial and were shot and killed in Colchester Castle, Colchester, Essex.


Rump Parliament

On 06 Dec 1648 Richard Cromwell Lord Protector 1626-1712 (22) resigned as Lord Protector during the Rump Parliament


Pride's Purge

On 06 Dec 1648 James Herbert 1623-1667 was excluded from Parliament during Pride's Purge.


On 06 Dec 1648 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (28) and Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 were excluded from Parliament during the Pride's Purge


Trial of Charles I

In 1649 William Heveningham 1604-1678 (45) refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48).


On 23 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was tried at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster by Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (56). Adrian Scrope 1601-1660, Thomas Grey 1623-1657, Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540, John Danvers 1588-1655 (60) and William Monson 1st Viscount Monson 1599-1672 (50) signed the Death Warrant.


Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I (48) was beheaded.He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.