1660-1684 Restoration

Convention Parliament (1C2)

In 1660 Thomas Thynne 1610-1669 was elected as MP Hindon during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


In 1660 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (36) was elected as MP Brackley during the Convention Parliament (1C2).


In 1660 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (40) was elected as MP Berkshire during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


In 1660 John Carew 3rd Baronet Carew 1635-1692 (24) was elected as MP Cornwall during the Convention Parliament (1C2).


In 1660 Hender Robartes 1635-1688 (24) was elected as MP Bodmin during the Convention Parliament (1C2).


In 1660 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (27) was elected as MP Chippenham during the Convention Parliament (1C2).


In 1660 Robert Pierrepoint 1638-1681 was elected as MP Nottingtham after the selected candidate John Hutchinson was evicted as a regicide.


In 1660 William Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Parham 1616-1673 was elected as MP Midhurst during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


In 1660 James Herbert 1623-1667 was elected MP Queenborough in the Convention Parliament (1C2).


In 1660 William Wyndham 1st Baronet Wyndham 1632-1683 was elected as MP Taunton during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


In 1660 Robert Robartes 1634-1682 (25) was elected as MP Cornwall during the Convention Parliament (1C2).


On Mar 1660 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (26) was elected as MP Windsor during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On Apr 1660 Robert Brooke 1637-1669 (23) was elected as MP Aldeburgh during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On Apr 1660 Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry 1629-1699 (31) was elected as MP Droitwich during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On Apr 1660 Wentworth Fitzgerald 17th Earl Kildare 1634-1664 (26) was elected as MP East Retford during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


In Apr 1660 Francis Bacon 1600-1663 was elected MP Ipswich in the Convention Parliament (1C2).


On Apr 1660 Thomas Archer 1619-1685 (41) was elected as MP Warwickshire during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On Apr 1660 Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (29) was elected as MP Derbyshire during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On Apr 1660 William Wray 1st Baronet Ashby 1625-1669 was elected as MP Grimsby during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On 25 Apr 1660 Henry Carey 4th Viscount Falkland 1634-1663 was elected as MP Oxfordshire during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On 25 Apr 1660 William Glynne 1st Baronet Bicester aka Bisseter 1638-1690 (22) was elected as MP Caernarfon during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On 25 Apr 1660 Richard Jennings 1619-1668 (41) was elected as MP St Albans during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


On 25 Apr 1660 John Glynne 1602-1666 (58) was elected as MP Caernarfonshire during the Convention Parliament (1C2).


On 25 Apr 1660 Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 was elected as MP Heytesbury during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


Before 31 Aug 1660 John Drake Baronet Ashe Devon 1625-1669 (35) was elected as MP Bridport during the Convention Parliament (1C2)


Investiture of new Peers

On 20 Apr 1661 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 personally a couple of days before Charles's coronation on the 23rd, with Charles investing the newly created earl with a mantle, a sword and belt, and a cap and coronet at Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster during the Investiture of new Peers.Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan -1664 by marriage Countess Cardigan.


Coronation Charles II

On 20 Apr 1660 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (51) was created 1st Earl Clarendon (1C 1661) at Westminster Abbey on the occasion of the Coronation Charles II.Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (42) by marriage Countess Clarendon (1C 1661).


On 22 Apr 1660 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) rode from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Whitehall Palace, Westminster.At the Lime Street end of Leadenhall he passed under a triumphal arch built after the Doric order, with Rebellion, her crimson robe alive with snakes, being crushed by Monarchy Restored, and a fine painting of his Majesty's landing at Dover, "with ships at sea, great guns going off, one kneeling and kissing the King's hand, soldiers, horse and foot and many people gazing".
Outside the East India House in Leadenhall Street, City of London, that loyal and honourable trading company expressed their dutiful affections to his Majesty by two Indian youths, one attended by two blackamoors and the other mounted upon a camel, which bore on its back two panniers filled with jewels, spices, and silks to be scattered among the spectators.
At the Conduit in Cornhill a special treat was prepared for the bachelor king in the shape of eight nymphs clad in white. A little further down the street, just opposite the Royal Exchange, was another arch, with stages against it depicting the River Thames and the upper deck of one of his Majesty's ships.
The procession included the Duke of York (26), the Algernon Percy 10th Earl Northumberland 1602-1668 and the Lord Great Chamberlain (52)
The Sword of State was carried by Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond, 5th Duke Lennox 1649-1660 (11)


On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44),Francis Fane -1691 and Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) were appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 was knighted.
Josceline Percy 11th Earl Northumberland 1644-1670 attended.


Indemnity and Oblivion Act

05 Apr 1652. John Evelyns's Diary 1652. My brother George (34) brought to Sayes Court Cromwell's (52) Act of Oblivion to all that would submit to the Government.


On 29 Aug 1660 the Indemnity and Oblivion Act became law.The act was a general pardon for everyone who had committed crimes during the Civil War and Interregnum with the exception of certain crimes such as murder (without a licence granted by King or Parliament), piracy, buggery, rape and witchcraft, and people named in the act such as those involved in the regicide of Charles I.
Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (67) was excepted from the Indemnity and Oblivion Act


Cavalier Parliament (2C2)

In 1661 John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44) was elected as MP Wallingford during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 James Thynne 1605-1670 was elected as MP Wiltshire during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Adam Browne 2nd Baronet Browne 1626-1690 was elected as MP Surrey during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (30) was elected as MP Northumberland during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 William Compton 1625-1663 was elected as MP Cambridge during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry 1629-1699 (32) was elected as MP Camelford during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (61) was elected as MP Bath and Heytesbury during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) was elected as MP Chippenham during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Robert Pierrepoint 1638-1681 was elected as MP Nottingtham during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (75) was elected as MP Weymouth during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 was elected as MP Dorset during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 John Strangeways 1636-1676 was elected as MP Bridport during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 William Wyndham 1st Baronet Wyndham 1632-1683 was elected as MP Taunton during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 James Herbert 1623-1667 was elected MP Queenborough in the Cavalier Parliament (2C2).


In 1661 William Alington 3rd Baron Alington 1640-1685 (20) was elected as MP Cambridge during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 William Bowes 1657-1707 was elected as MP Durham during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Robert Brooke 1637-1669 (24) was elected as MP Aldeburgh during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Josiah Child 1631-1699 (29) was elected as MP Dartmouth during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (73) was elected as MP Nottinghamshire during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (37) was elected as MP Brackley during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Richard Jennings 1619-1668 (42) was elected as MP St Albans during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Robert Kemp 2nd Baronet Kemp 1628-1710 (32) was elected as MP Norfolk during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Edward Phelips 1613-1680 (48) was elected as MP Somerset during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Robert Robartes 1634-1682 (26) was elected as MP Bossiney during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Hender Robartes 1635-1688 (25) was elected as MP Bodmin during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1661 Clement Fisher 2nd Baronet 1613-1683 (48) was elected MP Coventry in the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1665 Joseph Maynard 1639-1689 (25) was elected as MP Bere Alston during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


In 1673 John Robartes 4th Earl Radnor 1686-1757 (-13) was elected as MP Bossiney during the Cavalier Parliament (2C2)


Conventicle Act

In 1664 the Conventicle Act forbade conventicles, defined as religious assemblies of more than five people other than an immediate family, outside the auspices of the Church of England as a means of discouaging non-conformism and to stregthen the position of the Church of England.


Five Mile Act

In 1665 the Five Mile Act sought to place further constraints on non-conformists by forbidding clergymen to live within five miles of a parish from which they had been expelled unless they swore an oath never to resist the king, or attempt to alter the government of Church or State. The latter involved swearing to obey the 1662 prayer book. Thousands of ministers were deprived of a living under this act.


Great Plague of London

In 1665 the last great bubonic plague occurred in England killing a quarter of London's population, between 60000 and 120000 people died, in around eighteen months.


On Jul 1665 Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) travelled to Salisbury, Wiltshire during the Great Plague of London


Battle of Lowestoft

On 13 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31), Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (45) and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (39) defeated at Dutch Fleet. Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth 1630-1665 (35) (aboard the Royal Charles), Richard Boyle -1665, Charles Maccarthy 2nd Earl Clancarty -1665 and Charles Weston 3rd Earl Portland 1639-1665 (26) were killed.


Four Days' Battle

From 01 Jun 1666 to 04 Jun 1666 the English and Dutch fleets engaged in battle.The English lost ten ships and 1000 men.The Dutch lost four ships and 1500 men.
On 01 Jun 1666 William Berkeley 1639-1666 was killed.


St James' Day Battle

On 25 Jul 1666 the English fleet inflicted a severe defeat on the Dutch.Dutch casualties amounted to 1200 men, English 300.


Great Fire of London

From 02 Sep 1666 to 06 Sep 1666 the Great Fire of London destroyed around 13000 properties in the medieval City of London as well as 87 parish churches and Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London.The fire is estimated to have left 80% of the city's residents homeless.


Battle of Solebay

On 07 Jun 1672 George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 fought at Solebay, Southwold, Suffolk during the Battle of Solebay: England and France


On 07 Jun 1672 Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (46),Philip Carteret 1628-1672 and Winston Churchill -1672 were killed at Solebay, Southwold, Suffolk during the Battle of Solebay


Habeas Corpus Parliament (3C2)

In 1679 Walter Long 2nd Baronet Long 1627-1710 (52) was elected as MP Bath during the Habeas Corpus Parliament (3C2)


In Mar 1679 William Bowes 1657-1707 was elected as MP Durham during the Habeas Corpus Parliament (3C2)


In Mar 1679 Robert Pierrepoint 1638-1681 was elected as MP Nottingtham during the Habeas Corpus Parliament (3C2)


Exclusion Bill Parliament (4C2)

On Jul 1679 William Bowes 1657-1707 was elected as MP Durham during the Exclusion Bill Parliament (4C2)


On Jul 1679 Robert Pierrepoint 1638-1681 was elected as MP Nottingtham during the Exclusion Bill Parliament (4C2)


Siege of Tangier

On 17 Oct 1680 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (23) died of dysentery at Tangier during the Siege of Tangier.


Oxford Parliament (5C2)

On 21 Mar 1681 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (48) was elected as MP Chippenham at Oxford, Oxfordshire during the Oxford Parliament (5C2)


Sinking of HMS Gloucester

On 06 May 1682 Richard Hill -1682 drowned off Great Yarmouth, Norfolk during the Sinking of HMS Gloucester when it struck a sandbank.The future James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (48) and John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (31) were rescued in the ship's boat.
John Hope of Hopetoun 1651-1682 drowned during the sinking of HMS Gloucester.


In 1703 Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun 1681-1742 (22) was created 1st Earl Hopetoun by Anne Stewart I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) in recognitions of his father having given up his seat in a lifeboat to the Duke of York during the Sinking of HMS Gloucester; his father subsequently drowned.


1683 Frost Fair

John Evelyns's Diary 1683.24 Jan 1683.Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other stairs too and fro, as in the streets; sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cooks, tipling and other lewd places, so that it seemed to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water.


In Dec 1683 the River Thames froze for a period of six weeks during which a great Frost Fair took place on the frozen surface.
The printer Croom sold souvenir cards written with the customer's name, the date, and the fact that the card was printed on the Thames; he was making five pounds a day (ten times a labourer's weekly wage). King Charles II (53) bought one.


John Evelyns's Diary 1683 23 Dec 1683. The small pox very prevalent and mortal; the Thames frozen.


John Evelyns's Diary 1683 27 Dec 1683. I went to visite Sir John Chardin, a French gentleman who had travell'd three times by land into Persia, and had made many curious researches in his travells, of which he was now setting forth a relation. It being in England this year one of the severest frosts that had hap pen'd of many yeares, he told me the cold in Persia was much greater, the ice of an incredible thicknesse; that they had little use of iron in all that country, it being so moiste (tho' the aire admirably clear and healthy), that oyle would not preserve it from rusting, so that they had neither clocks nor watches; some padlocks they had for doores and boxes.


Rye House Plot

Before 21 Mar 1683 the Rye House Plot was an attempt to assassinate Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52) and his brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (49) as they passed Rye House, Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire when were returning from the races at Newmarket, Suffolk on 01 Apr 1683. In the event a fire at Newmarket, Suffolk on the 22 Mar 1683 the races were cancelled.


After 21 Mar 1683 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (50) implicated and his home was searched during the Rye House Plot.


On 21 Jul 1683 William Russell 1639-1683 (43) was beheaded by Jack Ketch -1686 at Lincoln's Inn, Holborn, Camden, City of London for his involvement in the Rye House Plot. The executioner was so inept that he took four axe blows to separate the head from the body. After the first failed blow his victim looked up and said "You dog, did I give you 10 guineas to use me so inhumanely?


On 07 Dec 1683 Algernon Sidney 1623-1683 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London during the Rye House Plot.


On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong 1633-1684 (51) was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill, City of London where he was hanged, drawn and quartered for his involvement in the Rye House Plot.


In 1685 Charles Gerard 2nd Earl Macclesfield 1659-1701 (26) was sentenced to death for his part in the Rye House Plot but was subsequently pardoned by Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54).


Argyll's Rising

In 1685 Argyll's Rising was a plot to overthrow James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) led by Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (55).
Of the rebels 177 were transported to Jamaica and 100 to New Jersey.


On 30 Jun 1685 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (56) was beheaded on the Maiden (an early gullotine) in Edinburgh for his part in Argyll's Rising. Archibald Campbell 1st Duke Argyll 1658-1703 (26) succeeded 10th Earl Argyll.Elizabeth Tollemache Duchess Argyll 1659-1735 (25) by marriage Countess Argyll.


On 30 Oct 1685 John Ayloffe 1645-1685 (40) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Temple Bar, Fleet Street, City of London for his part in the Argyll's Rising.