700-999 Anglo-Saxons and Vikings

Second Battle of Woden's Barrow

In 715 Ceolred King Mercia -716 and Ine King Wessex -726 were defeated by an unknown army during the Second Battle of Woden's Barrow at Adam's Grave, Pewsey, Wiltshire.


Battle of Ellendun

On Sep 825 Beornwulf King Mercia 822-826 (2) defeated Ecgberht, King of Wessex, at the Battle of Ellendun replacing Mercian with Wessex dominance over the Saxon Heptarchy.Sir Frank Stenton described it as 'one of the most decisive battles of English history'.The location of the battle is not known although a number of locations have been suggested: Wroughton, Wiltshire, Lydiard Park, Swindon, Wiltshire and Wilton, Wiltshire.


Death of King Aethelwulf

On 13 Jan 858 Aethelwulf King Wessex -858 died. Aethelbald King Wessex -860 succeeded as King Wessex


Death of King Aethelbald

In 860 Aethelbald King Wessex -860 died. Aethelberht King Wessex -865 succeeded as King Wessex


Death of King Aethelberht

In 865 Aethelberht King Wessex -865 died. Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (18) succeeded as King Wessex.Wulfthryth Unknown Queen Anglo-Saxons by marriage King Anglo-Saxons.


Battle of Brissarthe

On 02 Jul 866 Ranulf Poitiers I Duke Aquitaine 820-866 (46) and Robert "Strong" King West Francia 830-866 (36) were killed fighting the joint Breton-Viking army at the Battle of Brissarthe at Brissarthe.


Battle of Englefield

On 31 Dec 870 Aethelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield, Reading, Berkshire.The Viking Army retreated to Reading, Berkshire.
Sidrac Viking was killed


Battle of Reading

On 04 Jan 871 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) 's army attacked, but were repulsed by, the Viking army at Battle of Reading at Reading, Berkshire.Aethelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (46) killed


Battle of Ashdown

On 08 Jan 871 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) defeated the Viking army led by Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 at the Battle of Ashdown in Berkshire.Bagsecg Unknown -871 was killed.


Battle of Basing

On 22 Jan 871 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) was defeated by the Viking army at the Battle of Basing at Old Basing, Hampshire.


Battle of Marton

Around 22 Mar 871 Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 defeated the Wessex army led by Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) at the Battle of Marton.The location of 'Marton' is not known; suggestions include Marden, Wiltshire in Wiltshire and Winterborne St Martin, Dorset in Dorset.Heahmund Wessex Bishop Sherborne -871 was killed.


On 23 Apr 871 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) died possibly as a result of wounds received at the Battle of Marton which took place a month earlier.


Battle of Edington

Around 12 May 878 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (29) defeated the Viking army led by Guthrum Viking -890 at the Battle of Edington at Edington, Wiltshire (the location is subject to dispute).


Treaty of Wedmore

Around Aug 878 Guthrum Viking -890 agreed to leave Wessex, to be baptised and to accept Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (29) as his adoptive father.Known as Treaty of Wedmore.


Death of King Alfred the Great

On 26 Oct 899 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (50) died at Winchester, Hampshire. He was buried at Hyde Abbey, Winchester, Hampshire. Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (25) succeeded as King Anglo-Saxons.Ecgwynn Unknown Queen Consort Anglo-Saxons by marriage Queen Consort Anglo-Saxons.


Battle of Brunanburh

In 937 Aethelstan I King Anglo-Saxons, I King England 894-939 (43) and his son Edmund I King England 921-946 defeated the Scottish, Irish Viking and Strathclyde army at the Battle of Brunanburh.Two of Aethelstan's cousins, Aethelwine Wessex -937 and Aelfwine Wessex -937 were killed.
Oda Archbishop Canterbury -958 was present although there are no contemporary records of Oda's appearance at the battle. He is said to have miraculously provided a sword to the king when the king's own sword slipped out of its scabbard.


Battle of the Holme

On 13 Dec 902 Aethelwold Wessex -902 revolted against his cousin Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (28) helped by the Danes.
Sigehelm Kent -902 was killed supporting Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (28).
Aethelwold Wessex -902, Brihtsige Wessex -902, Ysopa Wessex -902, Oscetel Wessex -902 and Eohric King East Anglia -902 were killed supporting Aethelwold Wessex -902.


Death of King Edward Exile

On 17 Jul 924 Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (50) died. He was buried in St Oswald's Minster, Gloucester, Gloucestershire. Aethelstan I King Anglo-Saxons, I King England 894-939 (30) was created


Battle of Trans-la-Foret

On 01 Aug 939 Hugh Maine II Count Maine 920-991 (19), Alan "Twisted Beard" Poher II Duke Brittany 900-952 (39) and Judicael Berengar Penthièvre I Count Rennes -978 defeated the Viking army at Battle of Trans-la-Foret in Trans-la-Foret freeing Brittany of Viking occupation and leading to the establishment of the Duchy of Brittany.


Death of King Edmund

On 26 May 946 Edmund I King England 921-946 was murdered by Leofa, an exiled thief, whilst attending mass at Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire. He was buried at Glastonbury Abbey, Glastonbury, Somerset. Eadred I King England -955 succeeded as I King England (Wessex)


Battle of Carno

In 950 Iago ap Idwal Aberffraw 941-979 and Idwal "Ieuaf aka Junior" Aberffraw -988, sons of Idwal ap Anaward "Foel aka Bald" King Gwynedd -942, defeated the sons of Hywel at the Battle of Carno at Carno, Radnorshire, Welsh March.


Battle of Llanwrst

In 954 Rhodri ap Hywel King Deheubarth -954 and Edwin ap Hywel King Deheubarth defeated the sons of Idwal at the Battle of Llanwrst at Llanrwst, Clywd, North-West Wales.


Death of King Eadred

In 955 Eadred I King England -955 died. Eadwig "All Fair" I King England -959 succeeded I King England (Wessex).


Death of King Eadwig

On 01 Oct 959 Eadwig "All Fair" I King England -959 died. He was buried at Winchester, Hampshire. Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (16) succeeded as I King England (Wessex)


Coronation of King Edgar Peaceful

In 973 Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (30) was crowned in Bath, Somerset. The service forms the basis of the present English Coronation ceremony.


Death of King Edgar Peaceful

On 08 Jul 975 Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (32) died at Winchester, Hampshire. He was buried in Glastonbury Abbey, Glastonbury, Somerset. Edward "Martyr" I King England 962-978 (13) succeeded as I King England (Wessex)


Murder of King Edward Martyr

On 18 Mar 978 Edward "Martyr" I King England 962-978 (16) was murdered at Corfe Castle, Corfe, Dorset when visiting Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (12) and his mother Aelfthryth Queen Consort England 945-1000 (33). He was buried in Wareham, Dorset without ceremony. Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (12) succeeded as II King England (Wessex)


Battle of Anglesey

In 980 Hywel ap Ieuaf King Gwynedd -985 defeated Custennin ab Iago Aberffraw, son of his former enemy Iago ap Idwal Aberffraw 941-979 at the Battle of Anglesey, at Anglesey, North-West Wales.Custennin ab Iago Aberffraw was killed; he was supported by the Viking Gofraid mac Arailt Ivar -989.