May 1536-1540 Jane Seymour, Bigod's Rebellion and the Exeter Conspiracy
Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
On 20 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27) were betrothed the day after Anne Boleyn had been beheaded.
Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour
On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and Jane Seymour (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester (53). Jane (27) was appointed as Queen Consort England.
Neville Triple Wedding
On 02 Jul 1536 three weddings between the Neville, and Manners and Vere families, were celebrated at one mass at Holywell, Shoreditch, Hackney, Middlesex.Those present included Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (19), Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65) and Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38).
Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (11) and Anne Manners 1527-1549 were married,
Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 (9) and Margaret Neville -1559 were married, and
John Vere 16th Earl Oxford 1516-1562 (20) and Dorothy Neville -1546 were married.
Pilgrimage of Grace
In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII (44). Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48) condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), Henry Howard 1516-1547 and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 undertook the suppression of the rebels.
Execution of the Fitzgeralds
On 03 Feb 1537 the six Fitzgeralds, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl Kildare 1513-1537 (24), James Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Oliver Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Richard Fitzgerald -1537, John Fitzgerald -1537 and Walter Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41) were executed at Tyburn, Middlesex.
In Jan 1537 Bigod's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Catholics in Cumberland and Westmoreland against Henry VIII (45). It was led by Francis Bigod 1507-1537.
The rebellion failed. The rebels arrested, convicted of treason, and subsequently executed during the course of 1537. A total of 216 rebels were executed.
On 17 Jan 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 wrote to Robert Aske and Robert Constable 1478-1537 ... "Of Francis Bigod 1507-1537 I heard, this day at dinner, as you wrote; and more, that Hallum was taken at Hull yesterday with a letter in his purse from Francis Bigod 1507-1537 promising that he and all the West Countries would rise and come forward. This day with my servant, Alan Gefreyson, I sent you my news which are of such bruits, rages, and furies as the like I have not read nor heard of. I sent to my cousin Ellerker and Whartton for the premises concerning Hull. My advice is that you stay the people till the coming of my lord of Norfolk (64), which, I hear, shall be shortly, and all the gentlemen that is above of the North with him. He brings gracious answers of the Parliament and petitions. Good Mr. Aske, where you write desiring me to stay my quarters; there has yet been no stir in my rooms and lands, but what was caused by other wild countries and dales. I shall do my duty, and play my part therein, though I lie in my bed. I hear my lord of Cumberland is likely to have business for two prisoners he keeps.
On 18 Jan 1537 Francis Bigod 1507-1537 ... "Though the commons at first had me in suspicion for my learning and conversation with such a lewd one as they judged were enemies both to Christ's Church and the commonwealth, and I was even in danger of my life at Pountefrett, they have now the greatest confidence in me. Now messengers come from Bishopric, Richmondshire, and the West, for me to go forward with the commons, especially to bring John Halom, whom the mayor of Hull has imprisoned, to their great offence. I have sworn to go with the commons having good reason to doubt the Duke of Norfolk is coming rather to bring them to captivity like those of Lincolnshire than to fulfil our petitions. There is no man they trust so much as Constable whom Bygott would gladly join and follow his advice, if he will be true to them." He begs an answer and sends a copy of their oath.
Around May 1537 John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 was beheaded at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.
On 07 May 1537 Thomas Moigne 1510-1537 (27) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.
On 25 May 1537 Margaret Stafford 1511-1537 burned at the stake at Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London.
On 02 Jun 1537 Thomas Percy 1504-1537, Francis Bigod 1507-1537, and John Bulmer -1537 and Ralph Bulmer -1537 were hanged at Tyburn.
On 02 Jun 1537 George Lumley -1537 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 30 Jun 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 06 Jul 1537 Robert Constable 1478-1537 was hanged in chains from the Beverley Gate in Kingston upon Hull witnessed by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk (64).
On 12 Jul 1537 Robert Aske 1500-1537 (37) was hanged at York, Yorkshire[York]. William Lumley -1537 and Nicholas Tempest 1480-1537 were hanged at Tyburn, Middlesex.
Birth and Christening Edward VI
On 12 Oct 1537 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was born to Henry VIII (46) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.
On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe.Christopher Barker -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539, Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547, Edward Neville 1471-1538, Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.
Death of Jane Seymour
On 24 Oct 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) died at Hampton Court Palace at two in the morning as a result of complications arising childbirth.
Funeral of Jane Seymour
On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 was buried in the Henry VIII Vault in St George's Chapel in Windsor.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53), John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (58), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (20), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64), Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (45), Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (39), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) attended.
Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII (47) and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42), grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (50) presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (67) sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII (47) on Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38). He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.
In Aug 1538 Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 was arrested. He had been corresponding with Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38). The investigation of Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) had turned up his name; he had appealed to Thomas Cromwell, who had him arrested and interrogated. Under interrogation, Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 said that his eldest brother Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539, and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) had been party to his correspondence with Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38).
In Nov 1538 Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (65), her son Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539, his son Henry Pole 1520-1542, and other Pole family members, and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (34), their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (11) and Edward Neville 1471-1538 wre arrested and imprisoned on charges of treason. Cromwell had previously written that they had "little offended save that he [Reginald Pole] is of their kin". They were committed to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.
On 08 Dec 1538 Edward Neville 1471-1538 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
In Jan 1539 Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 was, somewhat surprisingly given the executions of the rest of his family, pardoned.
In Jan 1539 Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38) was attainted in absentia.
On 09 Jan 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
On 03 Mar 1539 Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
In 1540 Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (36) was released.
On 27 May 1541 , after some two and a half years of imprisonment, Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (67) was executed at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.
Around Sep 1542 , after three years of imprisonment, Henry Pole 1520-1542 died, possibly starved to death
On 03 Aug 1553 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) was finally released from imprisonment after fifteen years by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) who was a close friend of his mother Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (49).