Executions

beheaded

On 31 May 1076 Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076 was beheaded at St Gile's Hill, Winchester, Hampshire.

On 18 Jan 1256 Maria Reginar Duchess Bavaria 1226-1256 was beheaded

On 12 Aug 1270 Alan Zouche 1203-1270 was beheaded at Winchester, Hampshire

In 1276 Teobaldo Visconti 1230–1276 (46) was beheaded

Despencer War Executions

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) was beheaded at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire. .

On 17 Nov 1326 Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (41) was beheaded with a blunt sword requiring twenty-two strokes at Hereford, Herefordshire

Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.

Peasant's Revolt

On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill, City of London capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65). Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London. .

On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish 1346-1381 was captured at Church of St Mary, Cavendish, Suffolk during the Peasant's Revolt. John Cavendish 1346-1381 was beheaded in the Market Place in Bury St Edmunds.

On 17 Aug 1390 Robert Hales 1325-1390 (64) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

On 21 Sep 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was tried at Westminster. He (51) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London immediately thereafter.

On 25 Mar 1399 Nicholas Brembre -1399 was beheaded. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate Street, City of London.

Execution of Richard II's Favourites

On 29 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399, Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 were beheaded at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire.

Epiphany Rising

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester, Gloucestershire Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 and John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) were both captured, tried and beheaded. Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) was captured. .

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 was beheaded at Bristol, Gloucestershire. .

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) was beheaded at Tyburn, Middlesex. .

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (35) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31). Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) were killed. Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (51) was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403, Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (42) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 was hanged.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor, Shipton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .
On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.
On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.
On 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded before a great crowd at York, Yorkshire for having led the Northern Rising.
On 20 Jul 1405 John Fauconberg -1405 was beheaded in Durham, County Durham

Southampton Plot

On 02 Aug 1415 Thomas Grey 1384-1415 was beheaded at North Gate, Southampton, Hampshire for his role in the Southampton Plot

On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were beheaded at the North Gate aka Bargate for their roles in the Southampton Plot

Purge of the Albany Stewarts

On 24 May 1425 Murdoch Stewart 2nd Duke Albany 1362-1425 (63),Walter Stewart 1394-1425,Alexander Stewart -1425 and Duncan Lennox 8th Earl Lennox 1385-1425 (40) were beheaded at Heading Hill, Stirling Castle, Stirling

In 1437 Walter Stewart 1st Earl Atholl 1360-1437 (76) was beheaded at Edinburgh Castle

Douglas Black Dinner

On 24 Nov 1440 William Crichton -1454 arranged a dinner of reconciliation at the Great Hall, Edinburgh Castle. During the course of the dinner the young brothers William Douglas 3rd Duke Touraine 1424-1440 (16) and David Douglas 1430-1440 (10) was beheaded in front of the young James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (10).

In 1447 Gruffudd Vychan 1395-1447 (51) was beheaded at Powis Castle, Radnorshire, Welsh March

Murder of William de la Pole

On 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower.

Jack Cade's Rebellion

On 04 Jul 1450 James Fiennes 1st Baron Saye and Sele 1395-1450 and his son in law William Cromer 1416-1450 (33) were beheaded at Standard, Cheapside, City of London. Humphrey Stafford 1400-1467 was killed at Sevenoaks, Kent. William Tresham -1450 was indicted for treason. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 joined the rebellion.

On 29 Jul 1460 Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer, Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 was beheaded at Tyburn, Middlesex

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, John Savage 1444-1544 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51). In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40). Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 was killed.
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire. He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford, Herefordshire in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2)

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (23) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (64) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (30) reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Richard Percy 1426-1461, Ralph Bigod 1410-1461, John Bigod -1461, Robert Cromwell 1390-1461, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461, Ralph Eure 1412-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461, John Beaumont 1428-1461, Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507, Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (28) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire.
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (44) was killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 was executed

On 01 May 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) was beheaded at Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland. His son John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) succeeded 6th Earl Ormonde (1C 1328).

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462, his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were arrested for treason against King Edward IV (19). They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (34).
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill.
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462, John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 was hanged at Tower Hill.

In 1463 John Douglas 1433-1463 (29) was beheaded

Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham, Northumberland during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470.
Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 were both captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle.
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 was executed at Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland. Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 was executed at Middleham, Yorkshire.

On 26 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) was beheaded at Sandhills, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland. He was buried at Greyfriar's Church, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland

On 15 Jul 1464 Ralph Grey 1432-1464 was beheaded at Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire

Execution of Warwick's Supporters

On 17 Jan 1469 Thomas Hungerford -1469 and Henry Courtenay -1469 were beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) for having supported Warwick The Kingmaker's Rebellion.

Battle of Edgecote Moor

On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor. The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (34) and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469. Thomas Vaughan 1400-1469 (69), John Wogan -1469, Henry Neville 1437-1469, John Conyers 1420-1469 (49) and Oliver Dudley 1437-1469 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (29), John Conyers -1490 and William Parr 1434-1483 fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and John Woodville 1445-1469 were captured. Richard Herbert 1423-1469 was beheaded.

Execution of the Woodvilles

On 12 Aug 1469 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and his son John Woodville 1445-1469 were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 and Charles Neville -1469 were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41)bringing to and end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Welles' Rebellion

On 12 Mar 1470 Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 was beheaded at Queen's Cross, Stamford, Lincolnshire during the Welles' Rebellion

On 19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was beheaded at Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire during the Welles' Rebellion. He was buried at Whitefriars, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.

On 18 Oct 1470 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (43) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1471 Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (61) was beheaded at Chepstow aka Striguil, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (10) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (31) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed

On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton 1405-1471 was beheaded at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. .

On 22 Sep 1471 Thomas "Bastard of Fauconberg" Neville 1429-1471 was beheaded at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire. His head was displayed at London Bridge, Bridge, City of London

In 1475 Robert Radclyffe -1475 was beheaded

On 19 Dec 1475 Louis Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1418-1475 (57) was beheaded at Paris

On 04 Aug 1477 Jacques Armagnac Duke Nemours 1433-1477 (44) was beheaded

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded having been accused of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen at the earlier Council Meeting convened by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) and attended by Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

Execution of the Woodvilles and their Affinity

On 25 Jun 1483 Richard Grey 1457-1483, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) and Thomas Vaughan (73) were beheaded at Pontefract Castle.

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (29) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part. !The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Execution of Roger Clifford

On 02 May 1485 Roger Clifford 1437-1485 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for supporting Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28).

On 16 Feb 1495 William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 and Simon Montfort -1495 were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for their prt in the Perkin Warbeck Plot

On 24 Nov 1496 John Radclyffe 9th Baron Fitzwalter 1452-1496 was beheaded at Calais for trying to bribe his jailers.

On 29 Jun 1497 James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London. He was buried at Blackfriars Church, Holborn, Middlesex

On 17 Aug 1510 Richard Empson 1450-1510 (60) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

On 30 Apr 1513 Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 (42) was beheaded

Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

On 22 Jun 1535 John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (65) was beheaded on Tower Hill.

On 06 Jul 1535 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) was beheaded

Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused

On 17 May 1536 George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536, Henry Norreys 1482-1536 and Mark Smeaton 1512-1536 (24) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Catherine Carey 1524-1569 and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16).
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul. "
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Bigod's Rebellion

On 02 Jun 1537 George Lumley -1537 was beheaded at Tower Hill.

On 30 Jun 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 was beheaded at Tower Hill.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 08 Dec 1538 Edward Neville 1471-1538 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

On 09 Jan 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

On 03 Mar 1539 Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

Execution of Thomas Cromwell

On 28 Jul 1540 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 was beheaded at Tower Hill.

On 28 Jul 1540 Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1503-1540 was beheaded at Tower Hill

Catherine Howard Tyburn Executions

On 10 Dec 1541 Francis Dereham (28) was hanged at Tyburn. Thomas Culpepper 1514-1541 was beheaded.

Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

On 13 Feb 1542 Catherine Howard (18) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 were beheaded at Tower Green. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended.
Catherine Howard (18) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 19 Jan 1547 Henry Howard 1516-1547 (31) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 20 Mar 1549 Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (40) was beheaded at Tower Hill. . He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Edward Seymour's Execution

On 22 Jan 1552 Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (52) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. . His nephew King Edward VI (14) noted in his diary . . . "the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o'clock in the morning".
On 26 Feb 1552 Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 and Michael Stanhope 1507-1552 were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (48). Both men protested their innocence to the end.
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle 1502-1552 was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

On 22 Aug 1553 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (49) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

On 12 Feb 1554 Lady Jane Grey (18) was beheaded at Tower Green by order of Queen Elizabeth I (20). She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
Guildford Dudley 1535-1554 was beheaded at Tower Hill.

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (36) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

On 11 Apr 1554 Thomas Wyatt 1521-1554 (33) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

On 22 Aug 1572 Thomas Percy 7th Earl Northumberland 1528-1572 was beheaded at The Pavement in York

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

On 08 Feb 1587 Mary Queen of Scots (44) was beheaded in the Great Hall in Fortheringhay Castle. Around eight am Mary entered the hall. She removed her black dress to reveal a red petticoat that symbolised Catholic martyrdom.
George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59), Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), Richard Knightley 1532-1615 and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 witnessed her execution.

Battle of Carrickfergus

On Nov 1597 John Chichester -1597 was beheaded by Randal "Arranach" Macdonnell 1st Earl Antrim -1636 at Carrickfergus, County Antrim during the Battle of Carrickfergus

Essex Rebellion

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Essex Rebellion

On 18 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 was beheaded for their part in the Essex Rebellion.

On 21 May 1613 John Maxwell 9th Lord Maxwell 1583-1613 (30) was beheaded at Edinburgh for the murder of the Laird of Johnstone.

On 29 Oct 1618 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (64) was beheaded at Old Palace Yard, Westminster Palace, Westminster. He was buried in St Margaret's Church, Westminster Abbey

On 14 May 1631 Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for the unnatural crime of sodomy, committed with his page Laurence (or Florence) FitzPatrick, who confessed to the crime and was executed; and assisting Giles Browning (alias Broadway), who was also executed, in the rape of his wife Anne, Countess of Castlehaven, in which Lord Castlehaven was found to have participated by restraining her.

On 12 May 1641 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1593-1641 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

On 19 Jul 1644 John Gordon 1st Baronet Gordon 1610-1644 (34) was beheaded for treason.

On 23 Dec 1644 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (35) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

On 01 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1610-1645 (34) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians.

On 02 Jan 1645 John Hotham 1st Baronet Hotham 1589-1645 (55) was beheaded for treason by Parliamentarians. His granson John Hotham 2nd Baronet Hotham 1632-1689 (12) succeeded as 2nd Baronet Hotham of Scorborough in Yorkshire.

On 10 Jan 1645 William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (71) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London. He was buried at St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire

Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.

On 09 Mar 1649 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 was beheaded at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 09 Mar 1649 James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton 1606-1649 (42) was beheaded at Old Palace Yard, Westminster Palace, Westminster for his support of the Royalist cause and his leading an army against Cromwell. His brother William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton 1616-1651 (32) succeeded as 2nd Duke Hamilton by special remainder.

On 08 Jun 1658 Henry Slingsby 1st Baronet Scriven 1602-1658 was beheaded on Tower Hill, City of London for being a Royalist. His son Thomas Slingsby 2nd Baronet Scriven 1636-1688 succeeded as 2nd Baronet Slingsby Scriven

On 27 May 1661 Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess Argyll 1607-1661 (54) was beheaded for his perceived treason on the restoration of Charles II at Edinburgh. He was buried at Kilmun Church, Kilmun, Cowal Peninsular, Argyll

On 14 Jun 1662 Henry "Younger" Vane 1613-1662 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

On 29 Dec 1680 William Howard 1st Viscount Stafford 1614-1680 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London

Rye House Plot

On 21 Jul 1683 William Russell 1639-1683 (43) was beheaded by Jack Ketch -1686 at Lincoln's Inn, Holborn, Camden, City of London for his ivolvement in the Rye House Plot

On 30 Jun 1685 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (56) was beheaded on the Maiden in Edinburgh. His son Archibald Campbell 1st Duke Argyll 1658-1703 (26) succeeded 10th Earl Argyll. Elizabeth Tollemache Duchess Argyll 1659-1735 (25) by marriage Countess Argyll.

Monmouth Rebellion

On 15 Jul 1685 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (36) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London during the Monmouth Rebellion

Bigod's Rebellion

Around May 1537 John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 was beheaded at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.

burned at the stake

Execution of Joan of Arc

On 30 May 1431 Joan Arc 1412-1431 (19) was burned at the stake witnessed by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (56) at Old Market Place, Rouen.

In 1528 Patrick Hamilton -1528 burned at the stake

Bigod's Rebellion

On 25 May 1537 Margaret Stafford 1511-1537 burned at the stake at Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London.

executed

In 844 Bernard Poitiers Duke Septimania 795-844 (49) was executed

In 853 Gauzbert Rorgonide I Count Maine -853 was executed

In 891 al-Mutarrif Umayyad -891 was executed

In 921 al-Asi Umayyad -921 was executed

In 1017 Eadwig "Aetheling" Wessex -1017 was executed by Canute aka Cnut King England 995-1035 (22). He was buried at Tavistock Abbey, Tavistock, Devon

In 1214 Baldwin Rouerge 1165-1214 (49) was executed

On 02 May 1230 William Braose -1230 was executed by Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240.

On 27 Jun 1296 Floris Gerulfing V Count Holland 1254-1296 (42) was executed

Before May 1322 John Giffard 2nd Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1287-1322 (34) was executed by Edward II King England 1284-1327 (38) for being a rebel.

In 1350 Raoul Brienne II Count Eu, II Count Guînes 1315-1350 was executed

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21) 's administration. Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (57) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried.

Epiphany Rising

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 was executed at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey, Essex. .

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 lay in wait at at Homildon Hill, Northumberland for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr (43).
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

In 1412 Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 was executed at Chester, Cheshire

Battle of Arkinholm

On 01 May 1455 the Douglas rebellion was brought to an end at the Battle of Arkinholm near Langholm. Archibald Douglas 8th Earl Moray 1426-1455 (29) was killed. Hugh Douglas 1st Earl Ormonde -1455 was executed. John Douglas 1433-1463 (22) escaped.

After 26 Jun 1460 Osbert Mumford -1460 was executed at Rysbank Tower.

Battle of Northampton 1460

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (27), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton 1460.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57), John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 were killed.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and William Norreys 1441-1507 were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Richard Percy 1426-1461, Ralph Bigod 1410-1461, John Bigod -1461, Robert Cromwell 1390-1461, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461, Ralph Eure 1412-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461, John Beaumont 1428-1461, Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507, Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (28) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire.
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (44) was killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 was executed

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462, his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were arrested for treason against King Edward IV (19). They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (34).
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill.
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462, John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 was hanged at Tower Hill.

Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham, Northumberland during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470.
Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 were both captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle.
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 was executed at Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland. Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 was executed at Middleham, Yorkshire.

On 17 Aug 1469 Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (29) was executed by a mob at Bridgwater, Somerset.

Welles' Rebellion

On Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 was executed at Queen's Cross, Stamford, Lincolnshire during the Welles' Rebellion

On 06 May 1471 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (51) was executed

On 06 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 was executed

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire. John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34).

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (29) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part. !The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
Richard Guildford 1450-1506
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495
Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485
James Harrington 1430-1485
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60)
John Sacheverell 1400-1485, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486.
William Norreys 1441-1507, Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1544 commanded.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 was knighted.
Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
John Conyers -1490
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485, William Brandon 1456-1485, James Harrington 1430-1485, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60), John Sacheverell 1400-1485, William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55), Richard Bagot 1412-1485 and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 were killed.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.
John Iwardby 1449-1485 (35) was killed

Stafford and Lovell Rebellion

Around Apr 1486 the Stafford and Lovell Rebellion was an armed uprising against Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (29). With the failure of the plot Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (30) fled to Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 in Flanders.
On 08 Jul 1486 Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 and Thomas Stafford -1486 was executed at Tyburn, Middlesex.

On 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London.
Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (14) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Trastámara Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's attempted escape with Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end.

Trial of James Tyrrell

On 06 May 1502 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 was executed.

On 17 Aug 1510 Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire.

On Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 was executed by Henry VIII (40) for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armour at City of London

Execution of the Fitzgeralds

On 03 Feb 1537 the six Fitzgeralds, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl Kildare 1513-1537 (24), James Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Oliver Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Richard Fitzgerald -1537, John Fitzgerald -1537 and Walter Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41) were executed at Tyburn, Middlesex.

On 20 Dec 1538 Edward Arden -1538 was executed at Tyburn, Middlesex.

On 10 Jul 1539 Adrian Fortescue 1476-1539 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London for treason.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 27 May 1541 , after some two and a half years of imprisonment, Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (67) was executed at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

On 28 Jun 1541 Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 was executed for having allowed Gerald "Wizard Earl" Fitzgerald 11th Earl Kildare 1525-1585 (16), his sister's son, to escape capture at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1554 Thomas Grey -1554 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London

On 28 May 1557 Thomas Stafford 1533-1557 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London

In 1557 Charles Stourton 8th Baron Stourton 1520-1557 was executed for the murder of William Hartgill and his son John Hartgill. His son John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton 1553-1588 succeeded 9th Baron Stourton

In 1562 John Gordon -1562 was executed during the Battle of Corrichie: Earl Huntly's Forces

On 11 Aug 1564 Richard Blount 1510-1564 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London

Ridolphi Plot

On 02 Jun 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (36) was executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1578 Egremont Radclyffe -1578 was executed at Namur

On 02 Jun 1581 James Douglas 4th Earl Morton 1516-1581 (65) was executed for his part in the murder of Lord Darnley

In 1583 James Leyburne -1583 was executed

Babington Plot

On 21 Sep 1586 Robert Gage -1586 was executed for his involvement in the Babington Plot.

Main and Bye Plot

On 05 Dec 1603 George Brooke 1568-1603 (35) was executed for his part in the Main and Bye Plot.

In 1615 Robert Stewart 1st Earl Orkney 1533-1615 (82) was executed

On 09 Mar 1649 Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649 was executed

Rye House Plot

On 07 Dec 1683 Algernon Sidney 1623-1683 was executed at Tower Hill, City of London during the Rye House Plot

On 15 Nov 1739 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford 1672-1739 was executed

On 18 Aug 1746 William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (41) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London. He was was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 14 Mar 1757 John Byng 1704-1757 was executed by firing squad for having been found guilty of his perceived failure to relieve the garrison at Menorca caused public outrage among fellow officers and the country at large.

On 17 Jul 1918 Olga Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov 1895-1918 (22) was executed

On 17 Jul 1918 Nicholas Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov 1868-1918 (50) was executed

On 17 Jul 1918 Maria Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov 1899-1918 (19) was executed

On 17 Jul 1918 Anastasia Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov -1918 was executed

On 17 Jul 1918 Alexei Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov -1918 was executed

On 17 Jul 1918 Tatiana Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov 1897-1918 (21) was executed

William Butler was executed

Thomas Cheadle was executed for having killed Richard Bulkeley -1650

guillotined

On 13 Apr 1794 Arthur Dillon 1750-1794 guillotined

hanged

In 1306 Simon Fraser -1306 was hanged

After 26 Mar 1306 Christopher Seton 1278-1306 was hanged

In 1322 William Cheney 1275-1322_0000023722 was hanged

Execution of Roger Mortimer

On 29 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) was hanged naked at Tyburn, Middlesex accused of assuming royal power and of various other high misdemeanours. His body hung at the gallows for two days and nights. .

Epiphany Rising

On 12 Jan 1400 Thomas Blount 1352-1400 was hanged at Oxford, Oxfordshire by Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (45). .

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (35) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31). Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) were killed. Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (51) was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403, Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (42) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 was hanged.

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire. John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34).

Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 was hanged at York, Yorkshire by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax. The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (46). The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy 1459- as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.

Bigod's Rebellion

On 02 Jun 1537 Thomas Percy 1504-1537, Francis Bigod 1507-1537, and John Bulmer -1537 and Ralph Bulmer -1537 were hanged at Tyburn.

On 12 Jul 1537 Robert Aske 1500-1537 (37) was hanged at York, Yorkshire[York]. William Lumley -1537 and Nicholas Tempest 1480-1537 were hanged at Tyburn, Middlesex.

Catherine Howard Tyburn Executions

On 10 Dec 1541 Francis Dereham (28) was hanged at Tyburn. Thomas Culpepper 1514-1541 was beheaded.

Babington Plot

On 20 Sep 1586 Anthony Babington 1561-1586, John Ballard -1586, Henry Donn -1586, Thomas Salusbury 1564-1586 and Chideock Tichbourne 1562-1586 (24) were hanged at St Giles' Field, Holborn, Middlesex for their involvement in the Babington Plot.

hanged, drawn and quartered

On 03 Oct 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283 was hanged, drawn and quartered at Shrewsbury, Shropshire. The first prominent person known to have suffered being hanged, drawn and quartered. Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283 was dragged through the streets of #Shrewsbury, Shropshire attached to a horse's tail, then hanged alive, revived, then disembowelled and his entrails burned before him for "his sacrilege in committing his crimes in the week of Christ's passion", and then his body cut into four-quarters "for plotting the king's death". Geoffrey of Shrewsbury was paid 20 shillings for carrying out the act.

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 (-1) was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans, Hertfordshire in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

Rye House Plot

On 30 Oct 1685 John Ayloffe 1645-1685 (40) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Temple Bar, Fleet Street, City of London for his part in the Rye House Plot

On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong 1633-1684 was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill, City of London where he was hanged, drawn and quartered for his involvementr in the Rye House Plot.

On 28 Feb 1347 John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 was hanged, drawn and quartered by direct orders of King Edward I to whom he had previously sworn fealty.

Bigod's Rebellion

Around May 1537 Thomas Moigne -1537 was hanged, drawn and quartered at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.