Twenty Trees

Fluted Period

The Fluted Period, aka Yorkist, describes the change in armour from having a Gorget, which probably restricted mobility of the head, with a Standard; chain mail that extended up from the chest over the neck. Further, the single piece of armour that had covered the torso is typically now two pieces joined at the solar plexus. Armour has fluting detail designed to deflect blows from a sword. Male effigies of this period are further characterised by having no facial hair, and short haircuts not dis-similar to today's "Bob".

Unknown. Monument in St Oswalds Church, Ashbourne. Fluted Period.

In 1406 John Curzon -1406 died. Monument in All Saints Church, Kedleston. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Reset in tomb Recess with depressed Crocketed and pinnacled Ogee Arch, with shields above.

In 1436 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (47) died. He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Greystoke. His son Ralph Greystoke 5th Baron Greystoke 1414-1487 (22) succeeded 5th Baron Greystoke. Monument in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke. Fluted Period. His Pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a Couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat After John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

Around 1456 John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) died. Monument in All Saints Church, Kedleston to John Curzon 1380-1456 (76) and Joan Bagot. Fluted Period. Eagle Crest. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

South Aisle, Salisbury Cathedral. In 1459 Robert Hungerford 2nd Baron Hungerford 1400-1459 (59) died. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral. His son Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (28) succeeded 3rd Baron Hungerford. Eleanor Moleyns Baroness Hungerford by marriage Baroness Hungerford. Fluted Period.

Around 1465 William Gascoigne 1409-1465 (56) died at Gawthorpe Hall, Harewood, West Yorkshire. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire. Monument to William Gascoigne 1409-1465 (56) and Margaret Clarell. Fluted Period. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. His bare head, with finely detailed hair, no facial hair, rests on an unusual helm which appears to be a Maiden's Face, with an orle. Below the waist faulds and tasses under which mail may be seen. Both rest on a chest tomb with finely detailed weepers on each side. She, on his right, with a Widow's Barbe (from the French for beard) drawn up to her chin at the finely carved end of her dress two dogs, one pulling at the folds Dog(s) chewing at her dress.

Around 1470. Church of St John the Baptist, Dronfield. Monument to Richard Barley. Alabaster. Fluted Period.

On 19 Nov 1473 Nicholas Fitzherbert 1400-1473 (73) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury. Fluted Period. Fine set of weepers. Two wives shown on one end. Clenched Fist Crest usually left-handed; probably a mistake by the sculptor. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Feet resting on a Lion.

On 12 Oct 1477 Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 (56) died at Kinlet, Cleobury Mortimer. He was buried in the Church of St John The Baptist, Kinlet, Cleobury Mortimer.
Monument to Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 (56) and Elizabeth Winnington. Fluted Period. He wearing a Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. She wearing a fine Butterfly Headress with large flap as also detailed in the weepers. Finely made folds at the foot of her dress with Dog(s) chewing at her dress.

On 02 Mar 1484 Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 (56) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury.
On 20 Oct 1490 Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490 (53) died. She was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury.
Monument to Ralph and Elizabeth. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the Yorkist Boar Pendant (boar of Richard III) on his Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Tudor Livery Collar. Fine Sabbatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Butterfly Headress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.

On 12 Mar 1487 William Gascoigne 1452-1487 (35) died at Gawthorpe Hall, Harewood, West Yorkshire. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire. Monument to William Gascoigne 1452-1487 (35) and Margaret Percy 1447-. Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a variation of the Lancastrian Esses Collar collar being SOSOS. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard.  The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this. Monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482.

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth. He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave. A curious. Monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Cockayne Cockerel Crest.

In 1499 Henry Pierrepoint 1430-1499 (69) died. Fluted Period. Finely carved. Lots of rings on fingers. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Tomb chest possibly not original. Church of St Edmund, Holme Pierrepoint.

Nave, Salisbury Cathedral. On 30 May 1499 John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (57) died. Fluted Period.

In 1501 John Strelley 1456-1501 (45) was buried at All Saints' Church, Strelley. Monument to John Strelley 1456-1501 (45) and Sanchia Willoughby 1452-1533 (49). Fluted Period. Described as the finest alabaster. Monument in the country. Chellaston alabaster. Bobbed hair to the shoulder. Feet resting on a Lion, two fine Bedesmen, one male, one female;possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, strangled as denoted by the tongue out. Extended mantling. Four arms above the effigies represent, from left to right:
Strelley impaled Kempe - his father Robert Strelley 1423-1488 and his mother Isabel Kempe -1459
Strelley impaled Willoughby - John and his wife
Strelley impaled Pierrepoint - John's paternal great-grandfather Nicholas Strelley -1430 and great-grandmother Elizabeth Pierrepoint.

After 1503. Monument to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 in St Andrew's Church, Wingfield. Finely made Fluted Period alabaster. Monument. Both wearing their ducal coronets. He wearing a Leg Garter. His head resting on a great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, feet resting on a Lion.

On 29 Jul 1509 Richard "The Elder" Croft -1509 died in Croft Castle, Croft. Monument in St Mary the Virgin Church, Chipping Norton. Finely made in alabaster. Fluted Period. Two complete effigies,still Gothic in line and detail, on a Crocketed niched chest with angels and shields.