fatally poisoned by

On 07 Mar 1226 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (50) was fatally poisoned by Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 at Salisbury Castle, Salisbury, Wiltshire. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire


In 632 Eorpwald King East Anglia -632was assassinated by Ricberht

On 17 Dec 942 William "Longsword" Normandy I Duke Normandy 893-942 (49)was assassinated at Picquigny, Somme. He was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen. His son Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy 932-996 (10) succeeded I Duke Normandy. Gunnora Unknown Count Ponthieu by marriage Count Ponthieu.

In 1016 Uchtred "The Bold" Northumbria -1016was assassinated by Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076

After 1066 Robert Beaumont-Roger -1066was assassinated

On 24 Nov 1192 Albert Reginar Bishop Louvain 1166-1192was assassinated at Reims

Murder of John the Fearless

On 10 Sep 1419 Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (16) and John "Fearless" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (48) met on the bridge at Montereau to progress their peace negotiations. During the course of the discussions John "Fearless" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (48)was assassinated.

On 21 Feb 1437 James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (42)was assassinated at Blackfriars, Perth. James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (42) was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

On 23 Jan 1570 James Stewart 1st Earl Moray 1531-1570 (39)was assassinated at Linlithgow by James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, a supporter of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (27). As Moray was passing in a cavalcade in the main street below, Hamilton fatally wounded him with a carbine shot from a window of his uncle Archbishop Hamilton's house. He was the first head of government to be assassinated by a firearm.

On 23 Dec 1588 Henry 1st Duke Guise 1550-1588 (37)was assassinated by the King's bodyguard whilst Henry III King France 1551-1589 (37) looked on.

On 02 Aug 1589 Henry III King France 1551-1589 (37)was assassinated

On 20 Jul 1590 James 01 Lord Doune Stewart 1529-1590was assassinated (the first in Scotland by a fiream)

On 11 May 1812 Spencer Perceval 1762-1812was assassinated at House of Commons, Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 06 May 1882 Frederick Cavendish 1836-1882 (45)was assassinated at Phoenix Park, Dublin, County Dublin during the Phoenix Park Killings

On 09 Oct 1934 Alexander I King Yugoslavia 1888-1934 (45)was assassinated at Marseille

Salomon King Brittanywas assassinated


On 28 Jan 891 Muhammed ibn Abd Allah Umayyad 864-891 (27) was murdered by his brother al-Mutarrif Umayyad -891

On 26 May 946 Edmund I King England 921-946 was murdered by Leofa, an exiled thief, whilst attending mass at Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire. He was buried at Glastonbury Abbey, Glastonbury, Somerset. His brother Eadred I King England -955 succeeded as I King England (Wessex)

On 18 Mar 978 Edward "Martyr" I King England 962-978 (16) was murdered at Corfe Castle, Corfe, Dorset when visiting Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (12) and his mother Aelfthryth Unknown Queen Consort England. He was buried in Wareham, Dorset without ceremony. His brother Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (12) succeeded as II King England (Wessex)

In 1006 Aelfhelm Northumbria -1006 was murdered by Eadric "Streona aka Acquisitive" Mercia -1017

In 1038 Ealdred Northumbria Earl Bernicia -1038 was murdered

In 1040 Geoffrey Chateaudun I Count Perche 995-1040 (67) was murdered at Chartres

On 13 Jan 1049 Dirk Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1025-1049 (24) was murdered

On 02 Dec 1079 Mabel Belleme -1079 was murdered

On 05 Dec 1082 Ramon Berenguer "Towhead" Barcelona II Count Barcelona 1053-1082 (29) was murdered by his twin brother Berenguer Ramon "Fratricide" Barcelona I Count Barcelona 1053-1098 (29)

In 1115 Benoît Canhiart Bishop Nantes -1115 was murdered

On 02 Mar 1127 Charles Estrigen I Count Flanders 1084-1127 (43) was murdered at Church of St Donatian

On 26 Oct 1132 Floris "The Black" Gerulfing I Count Holland 1085-1132 (47) was murdered. He was buried at Rijnsburg Abbey.

Murder of Thomas a Becket

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (51) was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (37).

On 13 Jan 1200 Otto Hohenstaufen I Count Burgundy 1170-1200 (29) was murdered

In 1203 Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 was murdered at Rouen

In 1213 Gertrude Andechs -1213 was murdered

Before 1215 Alice Béthune Countess Pembroke -1214 was murdered

On 15 Sep 1231 Louis Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria 1173-1231 (57) was murdered

Battle of Evesham

On 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 was murdered while attending mass at the Chiesa di San Silvestro, Viterbo, Lazio by his cousins Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 in revenge for the deaths of their Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 and Henry Montfort 1238-1265 at the Battle of Evesham. The deed is mentioned by Dante Alighieri some forty years after in the Divine Comedy who placed Guy de Montfort in the seventh circle of hell. Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 was buried in Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire.

On 15 Jul 1291 Rudolph I King Romans 1218-1291 (73) was murdered by his nephew John "Parricide" Habsburg 1290-1313 (1)

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306. Christopher's brother John Seton 1278-1306 was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (65) just cause to invade Scotland.

On 01 May 1308 Albert Habsburg I Duke Austria 1255-1308 (52) was murdered

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (43) was murdered at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire. There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all. Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe. .

On 06 Jun 1333 William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster 1312-1333 was murdered.

On Sep 1337 Philip Dampierre III Marquis Namur 1319-1337 (18) was murdered by the people of Famagusta after he and his companions trouble of some kind. He was buried in the Franciscan church in Famagusta.

On 25 Jan 1350 John Douglas 1303-1350_0000025865 (47) was murdered

In 1358 John Barcelona 1331-1358 (27) was murdered

Death of Peter I King Castile

On 23 Mar 1369 Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) was murdered by his half-brother Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) outside the wall of the castle of Montiel, La Mancha. Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) succeeded II King Castile. .

In 1375 Ralph Dacre 3rd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1321-1375 was murdered.

Before 18 Feb 1383 John Dinham 1318-1383 (64) was murdered by robbers including John Broun.

In May 1385 Ralph Stafford 1367-1385 was murdered by John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400. He was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire

Lords Appellant

Around 08 Sep 1397 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42) was murdered in Calais for his role as leader of the Lords Appellant.

On 23 Nov 1407 Louis Valois Duke Touraine, I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (35) was murdered on the orders of John "Fearless" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (36) at Paris

On 25 Jan 1431 Alison May -1431 was murdered

On 22 Feb 1452 William Douglas 8th Earl Douglas, 2nd Earl Avondale 1425-1452 (27) was murdered by James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (21) at Edinburgh Castle for refusing to desist from conspiring with Tiger Earl 4th Earl Crawford 1423-1453 (29).

Around Apr 1456 Watkin Vaughan -1456 was murdered at Bredwardine Castle, Bredwardine, Herefordshire

On 21 Jul 1457 Henry Pierrepoint 1408-1457 was murdered at Papplewick Moor, Sherwood, Nottinghamshire

On 25 Jul 1460 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 (63) was murdered at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 30 Aug 1482 Louis Bourbon 1438-1482 (44) was murdered

On 07 Dec 1487 James Fitzgerald 8th Earl Desmond 1459-1487 (28) was murdered by John Murtagh at the instigation of his brother John Fitzgerald 12th Earl Desmond 1468-1536 at Rathkeale, County Limerick

On 17 Jul 1497 James Ormond -1497 was murdered by Piers "Red" Butler 8th Earl Ormonde, 1st Earl Ossory 1467-1539 (30)

On 01 Jan 1534 Henry Longford -1534 was murdered during the attack by Thomas Foljambe and his followers during a service in Chesterfield church on New Year’s Day 1434, killing two of his companions - Henry Longford and William Bradshaw - and mutilating Pierrepont by cutting off the fingers of his right hand.

On 08 Jun 1547 James Stewart 1506-1547 was murdered at Dunblane, Perth

On 10 Feb 1567 Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 was murdered at Kirk O Field. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood

In Feb 1592 John Campbell 1540-1592 (52) was murdered in Knipoch House, Knipoch

On 07 Feb 1592 James "The Bonnie Earl" Stewart 2nd Earl Moray 1565-1592 (27) was murdered

On 14 May 1610 Henry IV King France 1553-1610 (56) was murdered at Paris.

On 23 Aug 1628 George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628 (35) was murdered at Greyhound Pub, Portsmouth, Hampshire by a disgruntled soldier John Felton. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son George Villiers 2nd Duke Buckingham 1628-1687 succeeded as 2nd Duke Buckingham (2C 1623), 2nd Earl Buckingham (5C 1617), 19th Baron Ros Helmsley

On 11 Apr 1646 Edward Sackville -1646 was murdered by Parliamentary forces at Chawley, Cumnor, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On 20 Aug 1711 Richard Thornhill -1711 was murdered by two men who allegedly invoked Cholmeley Dering 4th Baronet Dering 1679-1711 's name as they killed him at Turnham Green, Chiswick, Middlesex

On 05 May 1840 William Russell 1767-1840 (72) was murdered

Abergavenny Massacre

Around 25 Dec 1175, Christmas, William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211 invited the local Welsh nobles to his Christmas court at Abergavenny Castle, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales as an act of reconciliation. Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 and his elder son Geoffrey Gwent -1175 were murdered. William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211 and his men then rode to Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 's home. There his younger son Cadwalladr Gwent 1168-1175 was murdered and his wife captured.

Unamed Fitzgerald_0000027053 was murdered by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470

Robert Belleme was murdered

Unamed Fitzgerald_0000027052 was murdered by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470

Robert Frankland was murdered at India

starved to death

In 1210 Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery Baroness Bramber 1155-1210 (55) starved to death at Corfe Castle, Corfe, Dorset

In 1210 William Braose -1210 was starved to death at Corfe Castle, Corfe, Dorset.

In 1213 Maud Clare 1184-1213 starved to death

On 26 Mar 1402 David Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1378-1402 (23) starved to death