Camail and Jupon Period
After 16 Mar 1322. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex. Camail and Jupon Period.
Around 1340 the Camail and Jupon Period starts; around the time of the commencement of the Hundred Years War. Knights wear a Bascinet, a form of conical helmet to which the chail mail 'Camail' is attached to protect the shoulders; greater protection for the head whilst increasing mobility. The Jupon, or Surcoat, is a heavily padded jacket affording additional protection to the shoulders, upper arms, torso and upper legs. The bottom of the Jupon was often decorated, sometimes roundels, sometimes scallops. The Jupon began to be decoated with Knight's Arms becoming, literally, a Coat of Arms. The Camail and Jupon Period is also characterised by the heavy belts slung low on the hips from which the sword was slung. Effigies of this period are characterised by having facial hair, and their hands clasped in prayer on the chest. Male effigies of this period have their head resting on Great Helms usually topped off with their Crest.
After 1358St John the Baptist Church. John Foljambe -1358. Camail and Jupon Period.
After 1359. St Andrew's Church. Monument to William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke. Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the pointed bascinet with a camail (or aventail) ie the curtain of mail suspended from the helmet and falling over the shoulders to protect the neck. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal.
After 1361. Monument to John Wingfield in St Andrew's Church. Camail and Jupon Period.
After 1369. Monument to Richard Willoughby in St Mary & All Saints Church. Camail and Jupon Period.
After 1373. St Chad's Church. Monument to Nicholas II Longford. Camail and Jupon Period.
After 26 Jul 1375 Richard Pembridge was buried at Hereford Cathedral. Camail and Jupon Period. Leg Garter.
Around 1387 Hugh Segrave Lord Treasurer was buried at Dorchester Priory. His monument of the Camail and Jupon Period.
After 1400. Monument to John Marmion and Elizabeth St Quentin. St Nicholas Church. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Arse Girdle. Feathered Crest.
After 1401. St Chad's Church. Monument to Nicholas III Longford. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.
After 1403. Monument to Edmund Cockayne and his first wife Margaret Longford. Camail and Jupon Period. Cockerel Crest. St Oswalds Church.
The Early Plate Period (Bascinet) has similarities with the preceding Camail and Jupon Period. The primary difference being the Bascinet being decorated with an Orle a a means of further protection. Over time Orles became more decorated; some have IHS or IHS, an acronym of Iesous Christos or Jesus Christ.