Lancastrian Esses Collar
On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster died at Tutbury Castle. Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar.
In 1399 William Mainwaring was buried at St Mary's Church. Monument Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Ass's Head Crest.
After 1400. Monument to John Marmion and Elizabeth St Quentin. St Nicholas Church. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Arse Girdle. Feathered Crest.
After 1401. St Chad's Church. Monument to Nicholas III Longford. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.
After 1406. All Saints Church. Monument to John Curzon. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Reset in tomb recess with depressed crocketed and pinnacled ogee arch, with shields above.
After 1423. St John the Baptist Church. Thurstan de Bower -1423 and Margaret. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Basinet with decorated orle and writing. She wearing a Crespine Headress.
After 1426. St Andrew's Church. Monument to John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke. Fluted Period. His pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while After 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat After John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.
After 1432St Chad's Church. Monument to Ralph Longford. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Arse Girdle.
After 1438. Monument to John Cockayne. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Cockerel Crest (most of which is missing). Butterfly Headress. St Oswalds Church.
After 1439. All Saints Church. Monument to William Rhyther and Sybil Aldeburgh. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Crespine Headress.
After 06 Jun 1441 William Phelip 6th Baron Bardolf was buried at St Mary's Church. Monument to William Phelip 6th Baron Bardolf and Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Feathered Crest. Detail of the Wyvern on which her feet rest. Detail of Eagle, possibly hawk, on which his feet rest. Crespine Headress covering her hair. He wearing a bascinet with orle and IHC lettering. Both wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar. Leg Garter below the left knee.
After 1456. All Saints Church. Monument to John Curzon and Joan Bagot. Fluted Period. Eagle Crest. Lancastrian Esses Collar.
After 1487 All Saints Church. Monument to William Gascoigne and Margaret Percy. Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a variation of the Lancastrian Esses Collar collar being SOSOS. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard. The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482.
After 1492. St Mary's Church. Monument to Thomas Fitzwilliam and Lucy Neville. Originally located in Tickhill Friary the tomb was moved to St Mary's Church at the Dissolution in 1538. Restored in 2012. The alabaster chest tomb believed to be one of the earliest examples of Italianate carving. The Lancastrian Esses Collar highly unusual; unique even but then so is the armour.
After 12 Oct 1516 Isabel Neville was buried at St Peter's Church. Monument to William Smythe, Anne Staunton and Isabel Neville. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Dog(s) chewing at her dress. Gabled Headress with Lappets. Probably Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.
In 1528 Henry Willoughby was buried at St Leonard's Church. A fine chest tomb monument in sandstone (rather than alabaster), somewhat damaged, with his four wives, two each side. Lancastrian Esses Collar somehwat unusual given the 1528 date of his death. Sphinx Crest. Cadaver underneath. Henry Willoughby's Arms including Willoughby top left hand corner (water bougets from Willoughy family original name Bugge).
After 1530. St Oswald's Church. Monument to Randle Brereton and Eleanor Dutton. Alabaster. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Dogs Head Crest. Dog(s) chewing at her dress. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Probably Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.
After 14 Feb 1531 John Blount was buried at Church of St John The Baptist. Monument to John Blount and Catherine Peshall. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Long bobbed hair, no facial hair. Bare hands; gauntlets at the right side of the legs. She wearing a short Gabled Headress. Chest tomb somewhat of the wrong period ie Renaissance suggesting this may be a replacement effigy, or re-used. Probably carved by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.
After 1554. St Mary the Virgin Church. Believed to be a Monument to John Anne but the armour would suggest it is around a hundred years or so earlier than his death in 1554. Finely carved in alabaster. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Lion Pendant. Fine Bedesmen on the chest. Dog(s) chewing at her dress. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.