Biography of Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland

Timeline

On 10 Nov 1341 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland was born to Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy and Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy at Alnwick Castle.

In 1358 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland were married.

Around 1362 Thomas Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland at Shrewsbury.

On 20 May 1364 Henry "Hotspur" Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland at Alnwick Castle.

On 23 Apr 1366 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland was appointed 43rd Knight Garter: Edward III.

On 18 May 1368 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland succeeded 4th Baron Percy. Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland by marriage Baroness Percy.

In 1377 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland was created 1st Earl Northumberland (1C 1377). Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377).

In 1381 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland were married. Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377).

On 23 Jul 1389 at Westminster. To Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland, … Order until the Assumption next to make no inquisition for lack of repairs of marshes, pastures or other members and appurtenances of the manor of Heckington by virtue of the King's commission on 05 May 11 Richard II (1389). .

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire two thousand marks. . . we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey.
. . Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. . .
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland our cousin. ".

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland at Conwy Castle.
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle.
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell and Thomas Rempston were present.
On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March}] who was descended from Edward III's second sonLionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury.
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham carried a Sword. .
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford, John Arundell and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York attended.

Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales
Edmund, duke of York
Edward, earl of Rutland
Thomas, earl of Arundel
John, earl of Somerset
Edmund, earl of Stafford
Henry, earl of Northumberland
Ralph, earl of Westmorland
Thomas, earl of Worcester
Michael, earl of Suffolk
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor
Thomas, Lord Berkeley
John, Lord Charlton
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin
Thomas, Lord Camoys
Thomas, Lord Furnivall
Robert, Lord Scales
John, Lord Beaumont
William, Lord Willoughby
Hugh, Lord Burnell
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby
William, Lord Bergavenny
John, Lord Lovell
Robert, Lord Harrington
Richard Lescrope.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh fought for the English. John Swinton was killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was wounded. Henry IV King England forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby 's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion. Of the rebels Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf were killed. .

Ralph Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland.

Alan Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Margaret Neville Countess Northumberland.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Reginar

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 13 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Henry III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France

Ancestry

Father: Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Lusignan Countess Surrey

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl Arundel

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Mortimer Countess Arundel Great x 2 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Clifford

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Clifford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hawise Botreaux

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Fitzjohn

Great GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Clare Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly

Great x 3 GrandMother: Emmeline Longespée Lady Offaly Great Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Mother: Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster Son Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Capet Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France Great x 3 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant Great Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great x 2 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Beauchamp

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Fitzpeter

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Bigod