Biography of Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539

Timeline

Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

In Oct 1495 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (20) and Catherine York 1479-1527 were married.

Around 1496 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 was born to William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (21) and Catherine York 1479-1527

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII (19) celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster. The challengers included Henry VIII (19) who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (15) as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville 1471-1538 as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell -1551.
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547, Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (16), Thomas Cheney 1485-1558, Richard Blount_0000020634 and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537, Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford 1489-1532, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (34), Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (37), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (32).

On 09 Jun 1511 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (36) died

On 09 Jun 1511 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (15) succeeded 2nd Earl Devon (4C 1511)

After Jun 1515 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (19) and Elizabeth Grey Countess Devon 1505-1519 (10) were married. Elizabeth Grey Countess Devon 1505-1519 (10) by marriage as Countess Devon (4C 1511).

On 25 Oct 1519 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (23) and Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (15) were married. Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (15) by marriage as Countess Devon (4C 1511).

In 1519 Elizabeth Grey Countess Devon 1505-1519 (14) died

In 1521 Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (25) was appointed 278th Knight Garter: Henry VIII

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6), Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33).
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (31) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (7) and Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 were married at Bridewell Palace.

Before 1527 Henry Courtenay 1526- was born to Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (30) and Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (23)

Around 1527 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 was born to Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (31) and Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (23)

On 15 Nov 1527 Catherine York 1479-1527 died at Tiverton Castle, Tiverton, Devon

On 03 Aug 1533 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (17) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel (57) carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (-1), and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (36), and after her the Gertrude Blount Countess Devon 1503-1558{Marchioness of Exeter} and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (59), who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (59) was put to death by King Henry the (42); Edward Courtenay (6), son of the Marquis of Exeter (37) who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (50), deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset 1497-1587. They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (6) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (50) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 10 Sep 1533 the future Elizabeth I was christened at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent.
Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (29), Walter Blount, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (44) and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the covered gilt basin. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 escorted the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (15) carried the Salt. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (36) carried the Chrisom. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (56) carried Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (37) carried a taper of virgin wax.
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (24), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (56), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (38) and George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 supported the train of the mantle.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59), William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) and John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 carried the canopy.

Trial of Anne Boleyn

On 15 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (35) tried at the King's Hall in the Tower of London. .
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (62) was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 was the principal witness.
The jurors were:
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545,
Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585,
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (48),
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (44),
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562,
Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38),
Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal, 10th Baron Morley 1476-1556,
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (27),
Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560,
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65),
Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551,
Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (40),
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527,
Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550,
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40),
William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (60),
Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (24),
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48),
Edward Powers Lord Powers,
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (66),
Thomas Ware,
Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (69), and
George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (39).

Neville Triple Wedding

On 02 Jul 1536 three weddings between the Neville, and Manners and Vere families, were celebrated at one mass at Holywell, Shoreditch, Hackney, Middlesex. Those present included Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (62), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (18), Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65) and Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38).
Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (11) and Anne Manners 1527-1549 were married,
Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 (9) and Margaret Neville -1559 were married, and
John Vere 16th Earl Oxford 1516-1562 (20) and Dorothy Neville -1546 were married.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63) and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540, Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended. .
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539, Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547, Edward Neville 1471-1538, Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (28), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.

Funeral of Jane Seymour

On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 was buried in the Henry VIII Vault in St George's Chapel in Windsor.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556, Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (20), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64), Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (45), Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (39), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) attended.

Exeter Conspiracy

Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII (47) and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42), grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (50) presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (67) sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII (47) on Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38). He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.

In Aug 1538 Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 was arrested. He had been corresponding with Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38). The investigation of Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) had turned up his name; he had appealed to Thomas Cromwell, who had him arrested and interrogated. Under interrogation, Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 said that his eldest brother Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539, and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) had been party to his correspondence with Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38).

In Nov 1538 Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (65), her son Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539, his son Henry Pole 1520-1542, and other Pole family members, and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (34), their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (11) and Edward Neville 1471-1538 wre arrested and imprisoned on charges of treason. Cromwell had previously written that they had "little offended save that he [Reginald Pole] is of their kin". They were committed to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 09 Jan 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (43) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.

On 25 Sep 1558 Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (54) died

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Courtenay

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 17 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 12 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 Great x 3 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Courtenay 1359-1425 Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward Courtenay 1331-1372 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Margaret Carminow

Mother: Catherine York 1479-1527 Daughter Edward IV King England 1442-1483

GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-

Great GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216