Biography of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601

Timeline

Around 1561 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (20) and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (17) were married. Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (17) by marriage Viscountess Hereford.

On 10 Nov 1565 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 was born to Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (24) and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (22)

On 22 Sep 1576 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (35) died. His son Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (10) succeeded as 2nd Earl Essex (8C 1572), 3rd Viscount Hereford, 11th Baron Ferrers Chartley, 9th Baron Bourchier

In 1577 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (11) educated at Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

On Jun 1587 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (21) was appointed as Master of the Horse

In 1588 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (22) was appointed 369th Knight Garter: Elizabeth I

In 1590 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (24) and Frances Walsingham Countess Essex 1567-1633 were married. Frances Walsingham Countess Essex 1567-1633 by marriage Countess Essex (8C 1572).

In 1590 William Segar 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (24).

In 1591 Thomas Coningsby 1550-1625 (40) travelled to Rouen to be in attendance on Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (25)

On 11 Jan 1591 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 was born to Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (25) and Frances Walsingham Countess Essex 1567-1633

On 08 Oct 1591 Thomas Coningsby 1550-1625 (41) was knighted by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (25).

In 1593 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (27) was appointed as Privy Council

Sack of Cadiz

On 13 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) departed from Plymouth, Devon with a fleet of 150 English and Dutch ships divided into four squads with 6,360 private soldiers, 1,000 English volunteers, and 6,772 sailors.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (60) was admiral in command. Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) commanded the land forces. Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway 1564-1631 (32) commanded a foot Regiment.
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (34),Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (42),Francis Vere 1561-1609 each commanded a squadron.
Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (34) represented Queen Elizabeth (62).

On 25 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) was present at Cadiz

Around 1596 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (34). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30).

Around 1597 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (34). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (31).

In 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) was appointed as Lord Lieutenant Ireland

On 05 Aug 1599 Alexander Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) died of wounds and fever in Ulster while campaigning with the Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) during the unsuccessful attempt to bring Ireland under English control. The Queen (65) herself informed his twin sister of her brother's death.

On 24 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) sailed from Ireland reaching London four days later.

On 28 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) presented himself to Elizabeth (66) in her bedchamber at Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey "where he found the queen newly up, the hair about her face”. Elizabeth had just a simple robe over her nightdress, her wrinkled skin was free of cosmetics and, without her wig, Essex saw her bald head with just wisps of thinning grey hair 'hanging about her ears'". The Queen confined the Earl to his rooms with the comment that "an unruly beast must be stopped of his provender. "

On 29 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) was compelled to stand before the Council during a five-hour interrogation. The Council, which included his uncle William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (54), took a quarter of an hour to compile a report, which declared that his truce with O'Neill was indefensible and his flight from Ireland tantamount to a desertion of duty. He was committed to the custody of Sir Richard Berkeley 1531-1605 in his own York House, Strand, Westminster on 1 October.

On 30 Sep 1599 Frances Devereux 1599-1674 was born to Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) and Frances Walsingham Countess Essex 1567-1633

In Jun 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) placed under house arrest

On 05 Jun 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was tried by before a commission of 18 men. He had to hear the charges and evidence on his knees. Essex was convicted, was deprived of public office, and was returned to virtual confinement.

In Aug 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was released. His monopoly on sweet wines was not, however, renewed, effectively bankrupting him.

On 30 Oct 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was refused the renewal of his lucrative monopoly on Sweet Wine by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (67) effectively bankrupting him.

Essex Rebellion

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 and three others were held hostage by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at Essex House, Strand, Westminster. Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 attempted to rouse London but his support never materialised. When he returned to Essex House, Strand, Westminster he found the hostages gone. Essex House, Strand, Westminster was besieged by the Queen's men under Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (65). Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 surrendered. Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 took part. Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (24) was implicated and was imprisoned for several months. He was fined £30000; a staggering amount three times more than any other conspirator.

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Essex Rebellion

On 17 Feb 1633 Frances Walsingham Countess Essex 1567-1633 died

On 25 Dec 1634 Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (91) died

Matthew Browne 1563-1603 was knighted by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 at Cadiz

Sack of Cadiz

Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 was knighted by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 for the taking of Cadiz.

Walter Devereux was born illegitimately to Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 and Elizabeth Southwell 1566-1622

Dorothy Devereux Baronetess Staunton Harold was born to Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 and Frances Walsingham Countess Essex 1567-1633

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Devereux

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 22 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 13 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 19 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 7 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214

Kings Franks: Great x 13 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 Great x 6 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Richard Devereux 1513-1547 Great x 5 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Walter Devereux 1st Viscount Hereford 1488-1558 Great x 8 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Devereux 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1464-1501 Great x 7 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 Great x 8 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Ferrers 7th Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1469 Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Mary Grey Baroness Ferrers Chartley 1491-1538 Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 Great x 6 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Grey 1432-1461 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandMother: Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 Great x 6 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville, Baroness Hastings 1442-1503 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandMother: Dorothy Hastings 1516-1541 Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 Great x 9 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville, Baroness Hastings 1442-1503 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Hungerford -1469 Great x 7 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Percy 1444-1522 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandMother: Anne Stafford Countess Huntingdon 1483-1544 Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Stafford 1425-1458 Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Mother: Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Francis Knollys 1512-1596

Great GrandFather: Robert Knollys -1521

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Knollys

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Knollys

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Doyley

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Troutbeck 1452-1485

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Troutbeck 1412-1459

GrandMother: Catherine Carey 1524-1569 Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: William Carey 1500-1528 Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Carey 1455-1500 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Carey 1437-1471 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anna Fulford

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Spencer 1472-1536 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe 1435-1510

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandMother: Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 Great x 7 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 Great x 6 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Boleyn 1451-1505

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Butler 1465-1537 Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 Great x 8 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216