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Biography of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

1047 Battle of Val-ès-Dunes

1057 Battle of Varaville

1066 Battle of Hastings

1066 Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

1066 Council of Lillebonne

1068 Coronation of Queen Matilda

1069 Sveyn II's Raid on England

1069 Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria

1069 Harrying of the North

1072 Accord of Winchester

1075 Revolt of the Earls

1087 King William "The Conqueror" Dies King William II Succeeds

1100 Marriage of Henry I and Matilda

1101 Treaty of Alton

1101 Coronation of Henry I

1121 Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

1135 Death of King Henry I


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

[his half-sister] Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux, Champagne, Aumale, Ponthieu 1030-1089 was created Count Aumale.

Around 1028 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 was born illegitimately to [his father] Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035 (27) and [his mother] Herleva Falaise at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

On 03 Jul 1035 [his father] Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035 (35) died at Nicaea. His son William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (7) succeeded II Duke Normandy.

Battle of Val-ès-Dunes

In 1047 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (19), supported by Henry I King France 1008-1060 (38), defeated a rebel army led by William's (19) cousin Guy Ivrea 1025-1069 (22) who opposed William's (19) succession as Duke of Normandy at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes in Caen, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

Before 1049 Enguerrand Ponthieu II Count Ponthieu -1053 and [his half-sister] Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux, Champagne, Aumale, Ponthieu 1030-1089 were married. Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux, Champagne, Aumale, Ponthieu 1030-1089 by marriage Countess Ponthieu.

Before 1049 Odo Blois Count Troyes and Meaux, I Count Champagne, Count Aumale 1040-1115 and [his half-sister] Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux, Champagne, Aumale, Ponthieu 1030-1089 were married. Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux, Champagne, Aumale, Ponthieu 1030-1089 by marriage Countess Troyes and Meaux, Count Champagne. Odo Blois Count Troyes and Meaux, I Count Champagne, Count Aumale 1040-1115 by marriage as Count Aumale.

Before 1051 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 were married (he was her third-cousin once-removed).

Around 1051 [his son] Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (23) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (20).

Around 1053 Lambert Flanders II Count Lens -1054 (37) and [his half-sister] Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux, Champagne, Aumale, Ponthieu 1030-1089 (23) were married.

Around 1054 [his son] Richard Normandy 1054-1074 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (26) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (23).

Around 1056 [his daughter] Cecilia Normandy Abbess Caen 1056-1126 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (28) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (25).

In 1056 [his son] Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 (5) and Marguerite Maine Countess Essex 1045-1063 (11) were married (he was her third-cousin).

Around 1056 [his son] William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (28) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (25).

Battle of Varaville

In 1057 at Varaville William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (29) defeated the army of Henry I King France 1008-1060 (48) and Geoffrey "Martel aka Hammer" Ingelger II Count Anjou -1060 during the Battle of Varaville. Henry and Geoffrey's army were fording the Dives River when the tide came in; only half of the army had crossed. William seized the opportunity and attacked.

In 1057 [his daughter] Constance Normandy Duchess Brittany 1057-1090 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (29) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (26).

Around 1061 [his daughter] Matilda Normandy 1061-1086 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (33) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (30).

In 1063 [his son] Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 (12) was created Count Maine.

Flower of History by Matthew of Westminster Chapter 1 1066-1087 Why King William the First was not crowmed by the archbishop of Canterbury. 1066. William (38) was consecrated king, and crowned on the day of the Nativity of our Lord, on the second day of the week, by Ealdred, archbishop of York, as I have said before, because Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury, had been suspended by pope Alexander (56) as a schismatic. At that time there was a very powerful officer, Eadric, surnamed Silvaticus, the son of Aelfric, the son of Edric Streona ; and the chatelains of Hereford, and Richard, the son of Scrob, frequently laid waste his territories, because he disdained to submit to the king (38), but, as often as they attacked him they lost a great number of their soldiers and men-at-arms. Therefore Edric invited Bleothwin and Biwathe, kings of Wales, to come to his assistance ; and, about the day of The Assumption of the blessed Virgin, he laid waste the province of Hereford, as far as the bridge over the river Wye, and carried off a large booty.

Council of Lillebonne

After 05 Jan 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 convened the Council of Lillebonne at Lillebonne to raise support for his claim to the English throne. The attendees are not known but likely to have included his companions at the subsequent Battle of Hastings including Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094 and [his half-brother] Odo Mortain Bishop Bayeux -1097.

Battle of Hastings

On 14 Oct 1066 the Norman army led by William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) defeated the English army of Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) at the Battle of Hastings fought at Senlac Hill, Hastings, East Sussex. Aimery Thouars 1024-1094 (42), Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (24), Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087 (51), William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071, Geoffrey Chateaudun II Count Mortain, III Count Perche -1100, William Warenne 1st Earl Surrey -1088, Raoul Tosny -1102, Robert Beaumont 1st Earl of Leicester, Count Meulan 1040-1118 (26), Hugh Grandesmil 1032-1098 (34), Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094 (possibly), [his half-brother] Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090 (35) and [his half-brother] Odo Mortain Bishop Bayeux -1097 fought for William.
The brothers Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44), Gyrth Godwinson Earl East Anglia 1032- and Leofwine Godwinson 2nd Earl Kent 1035-, and Engenulphe Aigle 1010-1066 were killed.

Coronation of William "The Conqueror"

On 25 Dec 1066 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) was crowned I King England: Norman at Westminster Abbey by Ealdred Archbishop of York -1069.

Flower of History by Matthew of Westminster Chapter 1 1066-1087 Coronation of king William the First, the Conqueror. 1067. William, Duke of Normandy (39), proceeded to the city of London, was received with great exultation hy both clergy and people, and was proclaimed king by universal acclamation, and on the day of the birth of our Lord he received the crown of the kingdom of England from Aeldred, archbishop of York. For he refused to accept the office of consecration from Stigand archbishop of Canterbury, although of ancient right that solemn office is known to belong to that see, because he had no legal right to occupy that pre-eminent dignity. Then, haying received homage and the oath of fealty, and hostages likewise, from the nobles, and being confirmed in his kingdom, be became the terror of all those who had aspired to the kingdom. And having arranged his affairs in the different cities and castles, and having placed his own servants in them, he sailed back to Normandy with the English hostages, and with inestimable treasures. And, when he put the hostages in prison, and committed them to the custody of safe keepers, he returned again to England, where he distributed with a liberal hand the estates and possessions of the Epglish among his Norman comrades who had helped him to subdue the country in the battle of Hastings ; expelling all the legitimate owners successively, and becoming a tyrant rather than a king, he burdened the little that remained to them with the yoke of perpetual slavery. And when he saw himself now raised to such a lofty dignity, and confirmed in his proud kingdom, he became rapidly changed into another man ; and, alas ! alas ! trampled under foot the nobles of the land, whom their hereditary blood had elevated from the times of old. And the nobles of the kingdom being indignant at this, fled, some of them to Malcolm, king of Scotland (35), others, preferring to end their unhappy lives rather than to endure a shameful slavery, sought the desert places and woods, and there living the life of wild beasts, and repenting of having made submission to the Normans, and being weighed down as to their inmost hearts with violent grief, though it was now too late, had recourse to the only hope left them, and prepared secret plots and intrigues. But the noble counts, the brothers Edwin and Morcar, and many other nobles, and many also of the bishops and clergy and many others, whom it would take too long to enumerate by name, when they saw that theirs was the weaker side, and as they disdained to become slaves, abandoned England altogether.

Around 1067 [his daughter] Adela Normandy Count Blois 1067-1137 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (39) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (36).

Flower of History by Matthew of Westminster Chapter 1 1066-1087 The abbey of Battle is built. 1067. King William (39), exulting in his victory, gave praise to God. The same year also, the king built an abbey, which, in reference to the battle that had been fought there, he called Battle, in order that glory, and praise, and thanks, might be offered up in it to God for ever for the victory which he had given him, and also that offices for the souls of the dead who were slain there might be perfonned by the monks who were established in it, with the offering of salutary victims ; and he endowed and enriched the church with estates and priyileges, and com- mitted it to the patronage and protection of the kings who should reign in England after him.

Coronation of Queen Matilda

Flower of History by Matthew of Westminster Chapter 1 1066-1087 William's duchess is consecrated queen. 1068. Matilda (37), the wife of king William (40), was consecrated queen on the day of Pentecost, by Aeldred, archbishop of York, on the twenty-second of March. [Note. The date a mistake. Pentecost the fiftieth day after Easter so usually in May. Pentcost known as White Sunday, or Whit-Sunday.] This year also, William had a son born in England, who was called [his son] Henry. For his first-born, [his son] William Rufus (12), and also [his son] Robert (17), were born in Normandy, before their father had conquered England..

Around 1068 [his son] King Henry I "Beauclerc" England was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (40) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (37).

Coronation of Queen Matilda

On 11 May 1068 [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (37) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.

Sveyn II's Raid on England

Flower of History by Matthew of Westminster Chapter 1 1066-1087 Two sons of Sweyn came into England to subdue it. 1069. Between the time of the two festivals of the blessed Virgin Mary, in the autumn, the two sons of Sweyn came with three hundred ships from Denmark into England, in order to subdue it in a hostile manner, and to take king William prisoner (41), or else expel him from England. But when their arrival was noised abroad, the counts, and barons, and nobles of the land went forth to meet them, being oppressed by the intolerable arrogance of the Normans ; and they made a treaty with them, and so joined the army of the Danes, in order to overthrow king William (41). But William (41), that most prudent king, when he saw the danger that threatened him, humbled himself to them, and checked the insolence of the Normans ; and having in this way recalled many of the English nobles to their allegiance, and having sagaciously made a treaty with them all, he took the city of York by storm, which was a great rendezvous of the Danes, and made himself master of every thing in it, and slew many thousand men there.

In 1069 Sweyn II King Denmark 1019-1076 (50) sent an army to England to attack William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) in support of Edgar "Ætheling" II King England 1051-1126 (18). Sveyn's (50) army captured York and were then bought off.

Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria

On 28 Jan 1069 Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria -1069 was burned to death in Durham when a rebel army set fire to the house in which he was staying. All his men were killed. In retaliation William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) commenced the Harrying of the North.

Harrying of the North

Between Nov 1069 and Mar 1070 the Harrying of the North was the near destruction of Lancashire, Yorkshire, County Durham, Northumberland, Westmoreland and Cumberland by William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) in response to a rebel army having killed his man Murder of Robert de Comines Earl Northumbria. Somewhat difficult to estimate its effect historians believe around 100,000 people were killed and sixty percent of property destroyed. William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (41) then replaced the nobilty with his own men to ensure future compliance.

In 1070 Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl of Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076 and Judith Flanders Countess Huntingdon 1054-1086 (16) were married. Judith Flanders Countess Huntingdon 1054-1086 (16) by marriage Ealdorman Northumbria, Earl Huntingdon (1C 1065). She, Judith, a niece of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (42).

Flower of History by Matthew of Westminster Chapter 1 1066-1087 How king William, feeling secure, at length becomes a tyrant instead of a king. 04 Apr 1070. On the fourth day of April, king William (42), being now become more secure on his throne, violated his promises in many respects ; and he caused the monasteries to be searched throughout the whole of England, and commanded the money found in them, and the charters, in the privileges granted by which the nobles of England placed their trust, and which the king, when in a position of difficulty, had sworn to observe himself, to be carried off by force from the churches where they had been deposited, and where they had hitherto lain in security, and to be taken to his own treasury.
Moreover, the whole Anglican Church held a great council in Easter week, at Winchester, by the management of the king, where many of the things which concerned the kingdom were changed. At that council too, Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury, was ignominiously degraded, and his brother, Aylmer, bishop of East Anglia, and many other bishops and abbots were deposed at the same time. Aegelwin, bishop of Durham, alone, of all the prelates of England, seeing the unjust oppression of his brethren, and sympathizing with them, and feeling zeal for God, went of his own accord into banishment from England, wishing to entangle the oppressors in the knot of excommunication. Stigand was succeeded by Lanfranc (65), a monk, a man of elegant learning, and adorned with many and various other accomplishments, who, among other magnificent works, composed a treatise on the Sacrament of the Altar, confirming the Catholic Faith. Aylmer was succeeded by Arfast, the king's chaplain ; and he transferred the seat of his diocese to Thetford.

Accord of Winchester

In 1072 the Accord of Winchester established the primacy of the Archbishop of Canterbury over the Archbishop of York. It was signed by ...
William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (44) and [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (41)
Stigand Archbishop of Canterbury -1072
Ealdred Archbishop of York -1069 who signed "I concede" whereas other signatories signed "I subscribe"
Wulfstan Bishop of Worcester 1008-1095 (64)
Herfast Bishop Chancellor -1084.

In 1072 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (44) stripped Gospatric of his Earldom of Northumbria and replaced him with Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl of Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076.

In 1072 [his half-brother] Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090 (41) was created 1st Earl Cornwall (2C 1072).

Before 1075 [his son] Richard Normandy 1054-1074 was killed whilst hunting at New Forest. He was buried at Winchester Cathedral.

Revolt of the Earls

In 1075 three Earls joined in rebellion against William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (47). The three Earls were: Roger de Breteuil Fitzosbern 2nd Earl Hereford -1087, Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (33) and Waltheof Northumbria 1st Earl of Northampton, 1st Earl Huntingdon -1076. The ostensible cause of their rebellion was William's (47) refusal to allows the marriage of Emma Fitzosbern Countess East Anglia, daughter of William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071 and Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (33). The marriage went ahead without William's permission.
Roger de Breteuil Fitzosbern 2nd Earl Hereford -1087 forfeit his Earldom and was sentenced to life imprisonment.

In 1080 Stephen Blois II Count Blois and Chartres 1045-1102 (35) and [his daughter] Adela Normandy Count Blois 1067-1137 (13) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Chartres. Adela Normandy Count Blois 1067-1137 (13) by marriage Countess Blois.

In 1083 [his wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083 (52) died.

In 1086 [his daughter] Matilda Normandy 1061-1086 (25) died.

In 1087 Alan Canhiart IV Duke Brittany 1063-1119 (24) and [his daughter] Constance Normandy Duchess Brittany 1057-1090 (30) were married (he was her third-cousin). Constance Normandy Duchess Brittany 1057-1090 (30) by marriage Duchess Brittany.

On Jul 1087 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (59) injured at Mantes.

King William "The Conqueror" Dies King William II Succeeds

On 09 Sep 1087 William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (59) died at the Priory of St Gervaise, Rouen. He was buried at Abbaye-aux-Hommes, Caen, Calvados, Basse Normandie at a ceremony presided over by Gilbert Arques Bishop Evreux. [his son] King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (19) attended. His son [his son] William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 (31) succeeded II King England: Norman. His son [his son] Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 (36) succeeded III Duke Normandy. Marguerite Maine Countess Essex 1045-1063 by marriage Countess Essex (1C 1139).

On 26 Sep 1087 [his son] William "Rufus" II King England 1056-1100 (31) was crowned II King England: Norman.

Marriage of Henry I and Matilda

On 11 Nov 1100 [his son] King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (32) and Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (20) were married. Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (20) was crowned Queen Consort England at which time Edith was renamed Matilda. .

Coronation of Henry I

Around 25 Jul 1101 [his son] King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (33) was crowned I King England: Norman by Maurice Unknown Bishop of London -1107 at Westminster Abbey. .

Treaty of Alton

After 25 Jul 1101 [his son] King Henry I "Beauclerc" England and [his son] Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134, brothers, both sons of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087, signed the Treaty of Alton at Alton by which Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 agreed to renounce his claim to the English throne in exchange for a yearly stipend and other concessions.

Before 25 Oct 1102 [his son] Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy 1051-1134 and Sybilla Conversano Duchess Normandy were married. Sybilla Conversano Duchess Normandy by marriage Duchess Normandy.

Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

On 24 Jan 1121, three months after the disaster that was the Sinking of The White Ship in which Henry's only legitimate son was drowned, Henry needed an heir quickly. [his son] He (53) and Adeliza of Louvain Queen Consort England (18) were married at Windsor Castle. She (18) by marriage Queen Consort England. Despite fourteen years of marriage they didn't have any children. Following Henry's death she married William Daubigny 1st Earl Lincoln, 1st Earl Arundel 1109-1176 (12) with whom she had seven children.

Death of King Henry I

On 01 Dec 1135 [his son] King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (67) died. The succession fell between Henrys daughter Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (33) and Henry's nephew Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (41), son of [his daughter] Adela Normandy Count Blois 1067-1137 (68) daughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087. The period from 1135 to 1153 during which the succession was fought over is known as The Anarchy.

[his daughter] Adeliza Normandy -1112 was born to William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 and [his former wife] Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083.

[his half-brother] Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090 and Matilda or Maud Montgomery -1085 were married.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Norman

Descendants Family Trees:

Rollo Normandy Duke Normandy 846-930

William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Royal Descent

Kings England: Son of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor 742-814

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Father: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy 963-1026

Great GrandFather: Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy 932-996

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Longsword" Normandy I Duke Normandy 893-942

Great x 3 GrandFather: Rollo Normandy Duke Normandy 846-930

Great x 3 GrandMother: Poppa Unknown Duchess Normandy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sprota Unknown

Great GrandMother: Gunnora Unknown Count Ponthieu

Great x 2 GrandFather: Unknown Unknown

GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre Duchess Normandy 982-1017

Great GrandFather: Conan "Crooked" Penthièvre III Duke Brittany -992

Great x 2 GrandFather: Judicael Berengar Penthièvre I Count Rennes -978

Great x 3 GrandFather: Pascweten Vannes -903

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alan "Great" I King Brittany -907

Great GrandMother: Ermengarde-Gerberga Ingelger Duchess Brittany 956-1024

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Greygown" Ingelger 1st Count Anjou 939-987

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Good" Ingelger 2nd Count Anjou 905-960

Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulk "Red" Ingelger 1st Count Anjou 870-942

Great x 4 GrandMother: Roscille Loches Count Anjou

Great x 3 GrandMother: Gerberge Unknown Viscountess Anjou

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ratburnus I Viscount of Vienne

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adele Vermandois Count Anjou 934-982

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Vermandois Count Meaux, Count Châlons 907-967

Great x 4 GrandFather: Herbert Vermandois II Count Vermandois, II Count Soissons, II Count Meaux -943

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adela Capet Count Vermandois, Count Soissons, Count Meaux

Mother: Herleva Falaise

GrandFather: Father of Beatrix and Herleva