Biography of Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine

Timeline

In 1372 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was born to Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas and Joanna Strathearn Countess Douglas.

Before 1390 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine were married.

In 1390 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine was born to Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine.

Around Dec 1400 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine succeeded 4th Earl Douglas. Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine by marriage Earl Douglas.

Before 1401 William Douglas was born to Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh fought for the English. John Swinton was killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was wounded. Henry IV King England forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England, with his son the future Henry V King England, defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield. Henry V King England took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick fought for the King. Walter Blount, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine. Edmund Cockayne and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford were killed. Hugh Shirley was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England.
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy, Madog Kynaston and John Clifton were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon was hanged.

On 14 Mar 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine arrived at La Rochelle.

On 29 Apr 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was created 1st Duke Touraine. Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine by marriage Duke Touraine.

Battle of Verneil

On 17 Aug 1424 the English forces inflicted a significant defeat on the French and Scottish army at the Battle of Verneil; a second Agincourt. For the English Edmund Hungerford, Ralph Longford, John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury, 1st Earl Waterford fought. On the French and Scottish side Pierre Valois-Alençon, Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine, William Seton, Alexander Home of Home and Dunglas and John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan were killed. Jean Poton Xaintrailles fought.

After 17 Aug 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was buried at Tours Cathedral, Tours.

Elizabeth Douglas Countess Buchan, Countess Orkney, Countess Caithness was born to Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine.

Mary Douglas was born to Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine.

Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was created as 1st Earl Wigtown, 1st Lord Annadale, 1st Lord Galloway, 1st Lord Bothwell. Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine by marriage Earl Wigtown.

James Douglas was born to Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine.

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Scotland: Great x 6 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 17 Grand Son of Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks, King Lombardy, Holy Roman Emperor

Kings France: Great x 8 Grand Son of Henry I King France

Ancestry

Father: Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas

GrandFather: James "Black" Douglas

Great GrandFather: William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Longleg" Douglas

Great x 3 GrandFather: Archibald Douglas

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Crawford

Great x 2 GrandMother: Constance Battail Battail

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Stewart Lady Douglas

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alexander Stewart 4th High Steward

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Stewart 3rd High Steward

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bethóc Angus

Mother: Joanna Strathearn Countess Douglas

GrandFather: Maurice de Moravia Strathearn 1st Earl Strathearn