Biography of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland

Timeline

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England at St James' Palace.

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was created as Duke Cornwall and Duke Rothesay.

Baptism of future Charles II

On 27 Jun 1630 the future Charles II was baptised by William Laud Archbishop Canterbury at Chapel Royal. Louis XIII King France and Marie Medici Queen Consort France were godparents.
Robert Kerr 1st Earl Ancram was created 1st Earl Ancram.

In 1638 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was appointed 437th Knight Garter: Charles I.

Battle of Edge Hill

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland and Richard Spencer, and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern, Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland, Charles Cavendish, Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton, Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury, John Byron 1st Baron Byron and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh. George Stewart and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex. Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso was wounded.
Thomas Strickland was knighted on the field for his gallantry at the Battle of Edge Hill.

In 1643 Bulstrode Whitelock sent to negotiate with Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland.

In 1644 Bulstrode Whitelock sent to negotiate with Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland.

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland travelled to at France.

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland travelled to at Isles of Scilly.

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland stayed at Pendennis Castle.

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland travelled to at Jersey.

In 1648 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland travelled to where his sister Mary Stewart Princess Orange and brother in law William Orange-Nassau II Prince Orange were living at The Hague.

On 09 Apr 1649 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Duke Buccleuch was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Lucy Walter at Rotterdam.

On Jul 1649 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland stayed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines.

On Sep 1649 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland travelled to at Jersey.

Around 1650 Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Elizabeth Killigrew Viscountess Shannon.

On 01 Jan 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was crowned II King Scotland: Stewart at Scone Abbey, Scone.

Battle of Worcester

On 03 Sep 1651 at the Battle of Worcester Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 commanded the Parliamentary army with Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle. In the Royalist army Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford, Thomas Blagge and Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll fought. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland was captured. Giles Strangeways provided 300 gold pieces to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland following his defeat. .

After 03 Sep 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland hid at Royal Oak.

On 16 Oct 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland landed at Normandy.

Treaty of Brussels

On 02 Apr 1656 the Treaty of Brussels agreeing mutual support between England (Royal) and Spain was signed by Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester and James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde on behalf of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland, and Alonso Cárdenas on behalf of Philip IV King Spain.

Around 1657 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Catherine Pegge.

In 1658 Catherine Fitzcharles was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Catherine Pegge.

On 08 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland received a letter inviting him to return to England and become King at Breda.

Before 25 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland left at Scheveningen.

On 25 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland arrived at Dover.

On 29 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

On 06 Jun 1660 John Talbot was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland at Whitehall Palace.

On 15 Jun 1660 Thomas Tipping was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland at Whitehall Palace.

In 1660 George Hamilton 1st Baronet Donalong was appointed 1st Baronet Donalong by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland for his allegiance to the Crown.

On 25 Feb 1661 Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland at Westminster.

In 1661 Seth Ward Bishop Exeter, Bishop Salisbury was appointed to the living of St Lawrence Jewry by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright. Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland in his coronation robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.

Coronation Charles II

On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation Charles II.

On 11 Dec 1661 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine was created 1st Earl Castlemaine, 1st Baron Limerick by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland to Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine in gratitude for allowing his wife Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland to become the King's mistress. Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland by marriage Earl Castlemaine.

In 1662 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland sold Dunkirk to his cousin Louis "Sun King" XIV King France for around £375,000.

On 21 May 1662 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Catherine Braganza Queen Consort England were married at Portsmouth. Catherine Braganza Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 18 Jun 1662 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton, 2nd Duke Cleveland was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland.

On 28 Sep 1663 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland.

On 05 Sep 1664 Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland.

Great Plague of London

On Jul 1665 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland travelled to at Salisbury during the Great Plague of London.

On 28 Dec 1665 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland at Merton College.

On Feb 1666 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland returned at City of London.

On 08 May 1670 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Nell Gwyn.

In 1671 Henry Hobart 4th Baronet Hobart was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland at Blickling.

Before 1672 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth became a mistress of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 29 Jul 1672 Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland and Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth.

On 19 Aug 1673 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth was created 1st Duke Portsmouth, 1st Earl Fareham, 1st Baron Petersfield for life for being the mistress of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 01 Oct 1674 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland was created 1st Earl Northumberland (4C 1674), 1st Viscount Falmouth, 1st Baron Pontefract by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland for being his illegitimate son.

On 09 Aug 1675 Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond was created 1st Duke Richmond (3C 1675), 1st Earl March (4C 1675), 1st Baron Settrington by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland for being his illegitimate son.

On 21 Dec 1676 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans was created 1st Earl Burford, 1st Baron Heddington by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland for being his illegitimate son.

On 10 Apr 1678 Christopher Hussey swore allegiance to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland (the first to do so) at Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire.

In 1679 John Robartes 1st Earl Radnor was created 1st Earl Radnor (1C 1679), 1st Viscount Bodmin by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland in reward for having supported Charles' brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 's future accession. Letitia Isabella Smith Countess Radnor by marriage Earl Radnor (1C 1679).

On 06 Apr 1683 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland was created 1st Duke Northumberland (2C 1683) by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland for being his illegitimate son.

On 05 Jan 1684 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans was created 1st Duke St Albans (1C 1684) by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland for being his illegitimate son.

Rye House Plot

In 1685 Charles Gerard 2nd Earl Macclesfield was sentenced to death for his part in the Rye House Plot but was subsequently pardoned by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 05 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland received into the Catholic Church.

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland died at Whitehall Palace.

On 14 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

Descendants Family Trees:

James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 23 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 20 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 15 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Grand Son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Kings Franks: Great x 13 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Grand Son of Henry IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland

GrandFather: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Great GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart

Great Great GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox

Great Great Great GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart Countess Lennox

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox

Great Great Great GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland

Great GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland

Great Great GrandFather: James V King Scotland

Great Great Great GrandFather: James IV King Scotland

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland

Great Great GrandMother: Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland

Great Great Great GrandFather: Claude Guise Duke Guise

Great Great Great GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon

GrandMother: Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland

Great GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark

Great Great GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark

Great Great Great GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark

Mother: Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England

GrandFather: Henry IV King France

Great GrandFather: Antoine King Navarre

Great Great GrandFather: Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme

Great Great Great GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme

Great Great Great GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg Count Vendôme

Great Great GrandMother: Françoise Valois-Alençon Count Vendôme

Great Great Great GrandFather: Rene Valois-Alençon Duke Alençon

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Lorraine Duchess Alençon

Great GrandMother: Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre

Great Great GrandFather: Henry II King Navarre

Great Great Great GrandFather: Jean III King Navarre

Great Great Great GrandMother: Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre

Great Great GrandMother: Marguerite Valois-Orleans Queen Consort Navarre

Great Great Great GrandFather: Charles Valois-Orleans Count Angouleme

Great Great Great GrandMother: Louise Savoy Count Angouleme

GrandMother: Marie Medici Queen Consort France