Biography of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Timeline

On 19 Nov 1600 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was born to James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland at Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline.

On 04 Jan 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was appointed as Knight of the Bath.

In 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was created 1st Duke York (4C 1605).

Tethy's Festival Masque

On 05 Jun 1610 the Tethy's Festival Masque was performed at Whitehall Palace to celebrate the the investiture of Prince Frederick as Prince of Wales. The script was written by Samuel Daniel at the request of the Queen, who appeared in person as Tethys a goddess of the sea. Inigo Jones designed the staging and scenery.
Prince Charles took the part of Zephyrus,
Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia appeared as the companion or daughter of Tethys, the "Nymph of Thames",
Arbella Stewart took the part of the "Nymph of Trent",
Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey, 1st Countess Norfolk as "Nymph of Arun"
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby as "Nymph of Derwent",
Frances Howard Countess Essex, Countess Somerset as "Nymph of Lee",
Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke as "Nymph of Air",
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery as "Nymph of Severn",
Elizabeth Radclyffe as "Nymph of Rother",
Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent as "Nymph of Medway",
Four sisters, daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester, danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire:
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor the "Nymph of Usk"
Katherine Somerset the "Nymph of Olwy"
Elizabeth Somerset the "Nymph of Dulesse" (Dulas), and
Mary Wintour the "Nymph of Wye".

In 1611 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was appointed 405th Knight Garter: James I.

Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales

On 04 Nov 1616 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was appointed Prince of Wales. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex carried the Purple Ermined Robe. James Wriothesley, brothers Robert Howard and William Howard, George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley and John Cavendish were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

On 08 Jan 1621 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport took part in a Masque before Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland staged by James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle at Essex House.

Around Feb 1621 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire was imprisoned for attacking Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl Sunderland in front of the House of Lords in the presence the future Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland at Fleet Prison.

On 27 Mar 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England. .

Charles I and Henrietta Maria's First Meeting

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England met for the first time at St Augustine's Abbey. .

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey. His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service. She watched Charles at a discreet distance.
Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland bore the Rod with the Dove.
William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire,James Stanley 7th Earl Derby, Roger Palmer and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland, John Maynard were appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 06 Dec 1626 Simonds Ewes was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland.

In 1627 Richard Lovelace 1st Baron Lovelace was created as 1st Baron Lovelace by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 13 May 1629 Charles James Stewart was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England.

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England at St James' Palace.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens. Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648. Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

On 04 Nov 1631 Mary Stewart Princess Orange was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck. Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland known as Charles I with M. De St Antoine.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

On 14 Oct 1633 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England at St James' Palace.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck. Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

On 27 Jul 1639 Vivian Molyneux was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland at Berwick on Tweed.

Around 25 Dec 1639 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport participated with the Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland in the extravagant masque on the theme of Philogenes, royal Lover of the People.

In 1640 Henry "Younger" Vane was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 08 Jul 1640 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Gloucester was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England.

In 1641 William Spring 1st Baronet Spring was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland.

In Jun 1642 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire was with King Charles I at York.

On 13 Oct 1642 King Charles I stayed the night at the house of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire at Latimer House.

Battle of Edge Hill

On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland and Richard Spencer, and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern, Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland, Charles Cavendish, Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton, Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury, John Byron 1st Baron Byron and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh. George Stewart and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex. Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso was wounded.
Thomas Strickland was knighted on the field for his gallantry at the Battle of Edge Hill.

On 03 Aug 1643 Chichester Wrey 3rd Baronet Wrey was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland at Bristol Castle.

First Battle of Newbury

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland John Byron 1st Baron Byron fought with distinction. Henry Bertie, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland, Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison were killed. Edward Villiers fought.

On 16 Jun 1644 Henrietta Fitzjames Duchess Orléans was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England at Bedford House.

On 27 Jan 1645 John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse was created 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby in Lincolnshire at Oxford by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland. Anne Paulett Viscountess Ipswich by marriage Viscountess Ipswich.

On May 1646 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland surrendered.

Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland escaped at Hampton Court Palace during the Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace.

On 23 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was tried at Westminster Hall by Henry Mildmay Master. Adrian Scrope, Thomas Grey, Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex, John Danvers and William Monson 1st Viscount Monson signed the Death Warrant.

Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House. .

On 09 Feb 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland was buried at Henry VIII Vault.

Trial of Charles I

In 1649 William Heveringham refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland. .

Investiture of new Peers

On 20 Apr 1661 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan was created 1st Earl Cardigan by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland personally a couple of days before Charles's coronation on the 23rd, with Charles investing the newly created earl with a mantle, a sword and belt, and a cap and coronet at Banqueting House during the Investiture of new Peers. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan by marriage Countess Cardigan.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland

James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 22 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 13 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 19 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Kings Franks: Great x 13 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland Great x 2 Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland

GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart Great Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox Great x 5 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox Great x 10 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Hamilton Countess Lennox Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart Countess Lennox Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Sinclair Countess Atholl

Great GrandMother: Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great x 2 GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus Great x 10 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: George Douglas Great x 9 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Drummond

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England Daughter Edward IV King England

GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland Great Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great GrandFather: James V King Scotland Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great x 2 GrandFather: James IV King Scotland Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: James III King Scotland Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England Daughter Edward IV King England

Great GrandMother: Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Claude Guise Duke Guise

Great x 2 GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme Great x 8 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg Count Vendôme Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Mother: Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland

GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark

Great GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark

Great x 2 GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark