Biography of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland

Timeline

On 08 Dec 1542 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland was born to James V King Scotland and Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow.

On 14 Dec 1542 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland succeeded I King Scotland: Stewart.

On 09 Sep 1543 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland was crowned I King Scotland: Stewart.

On Aug 1548 James Hamilton 3rd Earl Arran travelled to with Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at France.

On 24 Apr 1558 Francis King Consort Scotland, II King France and Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland were married at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Francis King Consort Scotland, II King France by marriage King Consort Scotland.

On 10 Jul 1559 Francis King Consort Scotland, II King France succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angouleme. Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland by marriage Queen Consort France.

On 10 Jul 1559 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland was appointed as Queen Consort France.

On Aug 1561 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland returned at Scotland.

On 29 Jul 1565 Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart and Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland were married at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood.

On 19 Jun 1566 James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland was born to Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart and Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at Edinburgh Castle.

Marriage of Mary "Queen of Scots" and James Hepburn

On 15 May 1567 James "Lord Bothwell" Hepburn 1st Duke Orkney and Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland were married in the Great Hall, Holyrood House, Holyrood.

In 1568 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk attended to hear evidence against Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at York.

Around 05 May 1568 Claud Hamilton 1st Lord Paisley helped Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland to escape at Lochleven Castle, Kinross.

Around 05 May 1568 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland escaped at Lochleven Castle, Kinross.

On 26 Jan 1569 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland moved to in the custody of George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford and his wife Bess Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford at Tutbury Castle.

On 02 Feb 1569 George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford was keeper of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at Tutbury Castle.

In Jun 1569 George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford was keeper of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at Wingfield Manor.

In Sep 1569 George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford was keeper of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at Tutbury Castle.

On 23 Jan 1570 James Stewart 1st Earl Moray was assassinated at Linlithgow by James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, a supporter of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland. As Moray was passing in a cavalcade in the main street below, Hamilton fatally wounded him with a carbine shot from a window of his uncle Archbishop Hamilton's house. He was the first head of government to be assassinated by a firearm.

In 1571 Alexander Stewart was killed by supporters of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland in Stirling.

Ridolphi Plot

Around Mar 1571 the Ridolphi Plot was a Catholic plan to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and replace her with her with Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland would would marry Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk. Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk were cousins through their Great Grandmother Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland.

Around 1576 Unknown Artist.Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587.

In 1576 Unknown Artist. After Nicholas Hilliard. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland.

In 1576 Unknown Artist.After Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619.Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587.

On Jan 1585 John St John 2nd Baron St John Bletso made keeper of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland at Tutbury Castle.

In 1586 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset conveyed to Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland the sentence of death confirmed by the English Parliament.

Babington Plot

On 06 Jul 1586 Anthony Babington wrote to Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland, telling her that he and a group of friends were planning to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland. .

Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

On 25 Oct 1586 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland was convicted and sentenced to death. Only Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth offered any dissent against the judgement. .

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

On 01 Feb 1587 Queen Elizabeth I signed Mary Queen of Scot's death warrant. Elizabeth gave orders of Mary's jailor Amyas Poulett to complete the task. He refused. .

On 07 Feb 1587 Mary Queen of Scots}# was informed she was to be executed the following day. During the course of the night she wrote to her former brother-in-lawHenry III King France . . .
8 February 1587
To the most Christian king, my brother and old ally,
Royal brother, having by God’s will, for my sins I think, thrown myself into the power of the Queen my cousin, at whose hands I have suffered much for almost twenty years, I have finally been condemned to death by her and her Estates. I have asked for my papers, which they have taken away, in order that I might make my will, but I have been unable to recover anything of use to me, or even get leave either to make my will freely or to have my body conveyed after my death, as I would wish, to your kingdom where I had the honor to be queen, your sister and old ally.
Tonight, after dinner, I have been advised of my sentence: I am to be executed like a criminal at eight in the morning. I have not had time to give you a full account of everything that has happened, but if you will listen to my doctor and my other unfortunate servants, you will learn the truth, and how, thanks be to God, I scorn death and vow that I meet it innocent of any crime, even if I were their subject. The Catholic faith and the assertion of my God-given right to the English crown are the two issues on which I am condemned, and yet I am not allowed to say that it is for the Catholic religion that I die, but for fear of interference with theirs. The proof of this is that they have taken away my chaplain, and although he is in the building, I have not been able to get permission for him to come and hear my confession and give me the Last Sacrament, while they have been most insistent that I receive the consolation and instruction of their minister, brought here for that purpose. The bearer of this letter and his companions, most of them your subjects, will testify to my conduct at my last hour. It remains for me to beg Your Most Christian Majesty, my brother-in-law and old ally, who have always protested your love for me, to give proof now of your goodness on all these points: firstly by charity, in paying my unfortunate servants the wages due them – this is a burden on my conscience that only you can relieve: further, by having prayers offered to God for a queen who has borne the title Most Christian, and who dies a Catholic, stripped of all her possessions. As for my son, I commend him to you in so far as he deserves, for I cannot answer for him. I have taken the liberty of sending you two precious stones, talismans against illness, trusting that you will enjoy good health and a long and happy life. Accept them from your loving sister-in-law, who, as she dies, bears witness of her warm feeling for you. Again I commend my servants to you. Give instructions, if it please you, that for my soul’s sake part of what you owe me should be paid, and that for the sake of Jesus Christ, to whom I shall pray for you tomorrow as I die, I be left enough to found a memorial mass and give the customary alms.
Wednesday, at two in the morning
Your most loving and most true sister
Mary R.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

On 08 Feb 1587 Mary Queen of Scots was beheaded in the Great Hall in Fortheringhay Castle. Around eight am Mary entered the hall. She removed her black dress to reveal a red petticoat that symbolised Catholic martyrdom.
George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford, Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent, Richard Knightley and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton witnessed her execution. .

On Jul 1587 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland was buried at Chancel.

Death of Queen Elizabeth

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I died at Richmond Palace around three in the morning. Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew and Thomas Lake were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.
James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland.

In 1612 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland was reburied at Westminster Abbey.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 21 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 17 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great Grand Daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Daughter of James V King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Daughter of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: James V King Scotland

GrandFather: James IV King Scotland

Great GrandFather: James III King Scotland

Great Great GrandFather: James II King Scotland

Great Great Great GrandFather: James I King Scotland

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland

Great Great GrandMother: Mary Egmont Queen Consort Scotland

Great Great Great GrandFather: Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders

Great Great Great GrandMother: Catherine Marck

Great GrandMother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland

Great Great GrandFather: Christian I King Denmark

GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland

Great GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland

Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond

Great Great Great GrandFather: Owen Tudor

Great Great Great GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward IV King England

Great Great Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales

Great Great Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England

Great Great Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Great Great Great GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford

Mother: Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland

GrandFather: Claude Guise Duke Guise

GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon

Great GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme

Great Great GrandFather: John Bourbon VIII Count Vendôme

Great Great Great GrandFather: Louis Bourbon 1st Count Vendôme, 1st Count Castres

Great Great Great GrandMother: Jeanne Unknown Count Vendôme, Count Castres

Great Great GrandMother: Isabelle Beauvau Count Vendôme

Great GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg Count Vendôme

Great Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg II Count Saint-Pol

Great Great Great GrandFather: Louis Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol

Great Great Great GrandMother: Jeanne Bar

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Savoy Count Saint-Pol

Great Great Great GrandFather: Louis Savoy I Count Savoy

Great Great Great GrandMother: Anne Cyprus Count Savoy