Biography of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

Timeline

On 11 Jul 1274 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland was born to Robert Bruce Earl Carrick and Marjorie Carrick 3rd Countess Carrick at Turnberry Castle.

In 1296 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Isabella Mar were married.

In 1302 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland were married.

Battle of Happrew

Around 20 Feb 1304 a chevauchée of English knights including Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave and the future Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland attempted, unsuccessfully, to capture Simon Fraser and William Wallace at Happrew, Peebles during the Battle of Happrew.

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton. Christopher's brother John Seton was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England just cause to invade Scotland. .

Coronation of Robert the Bruce

On 26 Mar 1306 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland was crowned I King Scotland: Bruce at Scone Abbey, Scone during the Coronation of Robert the Bruce. Christopher Seton was present.

Battle of Methven

On 19 Jun 1306 the forces of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke including Robert Pierrepoint ambushed and routed the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland including Simon Fraser, Christopher Seton and John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl at Methven during the Battle of Methven. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl was captured as well as many others.

12 Dec 1307 Close Rolls Edward II. Edward II King England. Westminster. To John de Brittania, earl of Richmond, [keeper] of Scotland. Order to restore to Aymer de Valencia, earl of Pemrbrok, his lands, etc. , in the counties of Sellekyrk and Twedale and in the forest of Sellekyrk, which he has seized into the king's hands because the men and tenants of the same had late traitoroursly adhered to Robert de Brus, the king's enemy and rebel.

Battle of Bannockburn

On 24 Jun 1314 the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland including, James "Black" Douglas, heavily defeated the English army led by Edward II King England at the Battle of Bannockburn [Bannockburn, Stirling].

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn [Bannockburn, Stirling] Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Fauconberg, John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel, William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal, Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot, Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford, John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch, John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort and William Vesci were killed. Henry Bohun killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland
Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke and Robert Umfraville Earl Angus fought.
Thomas Grey undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career.
William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby was captured.

On 05 Mar 1324 John Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

On 05 Mar 1324 David II King Scotland was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton

On 17 Mar 1328 Robert the Bruce signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,
Robert the Bruce, and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of Edward's mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March rather than King Edward}. Two years afterKing Edward commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence commenced in Aug 1332.

After 1329 Christina Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland.

On 07 Jun 1329 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland died at Cardross Manor, Argyll.

After 07 Jun 1329 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

Battle of Dupplin Moor

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland, supported by the English. The Bruce army included Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray, Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar. The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl, Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford, Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny. The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.
Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale was killed# leading a charge.

Battle of Annan Moor

On 16 Dec 1332 the Battle of Annan Moor was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland, supported by the English. The Bruce army, led by, Archibald Douglas, supported by John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray and Robert II King Scotland surprised Edward Balliol I King Scotland and his supporters at Annan and threw them out of Scotland. .

Battle of Dornock

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland, supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland. The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was captured and spent two years in prison. .

Matilda Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland.

Walter Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland.

Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland.

Marjory Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Isabella Mar.

Margaret Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland.

Margaret Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland.

Elizabeth Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland.

Neil Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland.

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 13 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 4 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 15 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Henry I King France

Ancestry

Father: Robert Bruce Earl Carrick Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

GrandFather: Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great GrandFather: Robert Bruce 4th Lord Annadale

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bruce 3rd Lord Annadale

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Bruce 2nd Lord Annadale

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Crosebi Lady Annadale

Great x 2 GrandMother: Christina Unknown Lady Annadale

Great GrandMother: Isabel "the Scot" Dunkeld Lady Annadale Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: David Dunkeld 8th Earl Huntingdon

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland

Great x 2 GrandMother: Matilda Gernon Countess Huntingdon Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester Great Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Countess Chester

GrandMother: Isabel Clare Lady Annadale Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford

Great x 2 GrandMother: Amice Fitzrobert Countess Hertford Great Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Fitzrobert 2nd Earl Gloucester Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hawise Beaumont-Roger Countess Gloucester

Great GrandMother: Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Marshal

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham

Great x 3 GrandMother: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham

Mother: Marjorie Carrick 3rd Countess Carrick

GrandFather: Niall Carrick 2nd Earl Carrick

GrandMother: Margaret Stewart Countess Carrick

Great GrandFather: Walter Stewart 3rd High Steward

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alan Fitzwalter 2nd High Steward

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Fitzalan 1st High Steward

Great GrandMother: Bethóc Angus

Great x 2 GrandFather: Gille Críst Angus 4th Earl Angus

Great x 2 GrandMother: Marjorie Dunkeld Countess Angus

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland