Biography of William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl

Timeline

Around 1300 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was born to James Douglas and Joan Unknown at Liddlesdale.

Battle of Dornock

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland, supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland. The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was captured and spent two years in prison. .

In 1337 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was captured at Hermitage Castle, Newcastleton.

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England at Ch√Ęteau Gaillard.

Before 1340 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl and Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl were married.

Around 1340 Mary Douglas Countess Mar was born to William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl and Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl at Liddlesdale.

In 1341 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was captured at Edinburgh Castle.

On Jul 1342 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was created 1st Earl Atholl (3C 1342). Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl by marriage Earl Atholl (3C 1342).

Battle of Neville's Cross

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England.
The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham, Ralph Hastings, Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby, William Zouche Archbishop York, Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray.
Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl were captured. Neil Bruce and John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray were killed.

After 17 Oct 1346 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was imprisoned at Tower of London.

In 1351 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was released.

On Aug 1353 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl killed by William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas at Ettrick Forest, Ettrick.

Ancestry

Father: James Douglas

GrandFather: Andrew Douglas

Great GrandFather: Archibald Douglas

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Douglas 1st Lord Douglas

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Kerdal

Great GrandMother: Margaret Crawford

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Crawford

Mother: Joan Unknown