Biography of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649

Timeline

On 23 Nov 1589 James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (23) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (14) were married at Bishop's Palace. Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (14) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 19 Nov 1600 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 was born to James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (34) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (25) at Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline

Baptism of Prince Charles

On 23 Dec 1600 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 was baptised at Holyrood Palace.

On 04 Jan 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (4) was appointed as Knight of the Bath

In 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (4) was created 1st Duke York (4C 1605)

Tethy's Festival Masque

On 05 Jun 1610 the Tethy's Festival Masque was performed at Whitehall Palace, Westminster to celebrate the the investiture of Prince Frederick (16) as Prince of Wales. The script was written by Samuel Daniel at the request of the Queen (35), who appeared in person as Tethys a goddess of the sea. Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (36) designed the staging and scenery.
Prince Charles (9) took the part of Zephyrus,
Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 appeared as the companion or daughter of Tethys, the "Nymph of Thames",
Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 took the part of the "Nymph of Trent",
Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey, 1st Countess Norfolk 1585-1654 (25) as "Nymph of Arun"
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (34) as "Nymph of Derwent",
Frances Howard Countess Essex, Countess Somerset 1590-1632 (20) as "Nymph of Lee",
Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (20) as "Nymph of Air",
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (23) as "Nymph of Severn",
Elizabeth Radclyffe -1618 as "Nymph of Rother",
Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent 1582-1651 (28) as "Nymph of Medway",
Four sisters, daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (60) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester 1546-, danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire:
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 the "Nymph of Usk"
Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 the "Nymph of Olwy"
Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 the "Nymph of Dulesse" (Dulas), and
Mary Wintour the "Nymph of Wye".

In 1611 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (10) was appointed 405th Knight Garter: James I

Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales

On 04 Nov 1616 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (15) was appointed Prince of Wales. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 carried the Purple Ermined Robe. James Wriothesley 1605-1624, brothers Robert Howard 1584-1653 and William Howard, George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1601-1658 and John Cavendish -1618 were appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 02 Mar 1619 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (44) died

On 08 Jan 1621 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (24) took part in a Masque before Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (20) staged by James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (40) at Essex House, Strand, Westminster.

Around Feb 1621 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire 1579-1622 was imprisoned for attacking Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl Sunderland 1584-1630 in front of the House of Lords in the presence the future Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (20) at Fleet Prison_Farringdon Road, Clerkenwell, Middlesex

On 27 Mar 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart

On 27 Mar 1625 James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (58) died at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire

Useless Parliament

On 02 Apr 1625 the first Parliament of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) known as the Useless Parliament sat.

Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Charles I and Henrietta Maria's First Meeting

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) met for the first time at St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, Kent.

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey. His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service. She watched Charles at a discreet distance.
Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1667 (3) bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.
William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (8),James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (19), Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666, John Maynard 1592-1658 (33) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 06 Dec 1626 Simonds Ewes 1602-1650 (23) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (26)

In 1627 Richard Lovelace 1st Baron Lovelace 1564-1634 (63) was created as 1st Baron Lovelace by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (26)

On 13 May 1629 Charles James Stewart 1629-1629 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (28) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (19)

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (20) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

On 04 Nov 1631 Mary Stewart Princess Orange 1631-1660 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (30) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (21)

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M. De St Antoine.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M. De St Antoine.

On 14 Oct 1633 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (23) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

On 27 Jul 1639 Vivian Molyneux 1596-1642 was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (38) at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland

Around 25 Dec 1639 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (42) participated with the Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (39) in the extravagant masque on the theme of Philogenes, royal Lover of the People.

In 1640 Henry "Younger" Vane 1613-1662 was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (39)

On 08 Jul 1640 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Gloucester 1640-1660 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (39) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (30)

In 1641 William Spring 1st Baronet Spring 1613-1654 was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (40)

On 06 Sep 1641 William Fermor 1st Baronet 1621-1661 (20) was created 1st Baronet Fermor by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (40) who also gave him the command of a troop of horse, and afterwards made him a Privy Councillor to Charles, Prince of Wales (11).

In Jun 1642 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (24) was with King Charles I (41) at York, Yorkshire

On 13 Oct 1642 King Charles I (41) stayed the night at the house of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (25) at Latimer House, Chesham, Buckinghamshire

Battle of Edge Hill

On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (55) was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661, and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21), Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643, Charles Cavendish 1620-1643, Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643, Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury 1612-1643, John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (54). George Stewart 1618-1642 and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51). Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 was wounded.
Samuel Sandys 1615-1685 commanded a troop of horse at the Battle of Edgehill.
Richard Sandys 1616-1642 was killed
Thomas Strickland 1621-1694 (20) was knighted on the field for his gallantry at the Battle of Edge Hill.

On 03 Aug 1643 Chichester Wrey 3rd Baronet Wrey 1628-1668 (15) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire

First Battle of Newbury

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42)John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643, Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) were killed. Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.

On 16 Jun 1644 Henrietta Fitzjames Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (43) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (34) at Bedford House, Exeter, Devon.

On 27 Jan 1645 John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689 was created 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby in Lincolnshire at Oxford, Oxfordshire by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (44). Anne Paulett Viscountess Ipswich -1694 by marriage Viscountess Ipswich.

On May 1646 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (45) surrendered.

Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped from Hampton Court Palace_Richmond_Surrey with John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1602-1678.

On 23 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was tried at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster by Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (56). Adrian Scrope 1601-1660, Thomas Grey 1623-1657, Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540, John Danvers 1588-1655 (60) and William Monson 1st Viscount Monson 1599-1672 (50) signed the Death Warrant.

Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.

On 09 Feb 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 was buried at Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire.

Trial of Charles I

In 1649 William Heveningham 1604-1678 (45) refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

Investiture of new Peers

On 20 Apr 1661 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 personally a couple of days before Charles's coronation on the 23rd, with Charles investing the newly created earl with a mantle, a sword and belt, and a cap and coronet at Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster during the Investiture of new Peers. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan -1664 by marriage Countess Cardigan.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 22 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 13 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 19 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

Kings Scotland: Son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

Kings Franks: Great x 13 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 Great x 2 Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 Great Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox 1516-1571 Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 Great x 5 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 Great x 10 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Hamilton Countess Lennox 1474- Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart Countess Lennox 1495-1564 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl 1440- Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Sinclair Countess Atholl 1457-1518 Great x 7 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 2 GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 Great x 10 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: George Douglas 1469-1513 Great x 9 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Drummond

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter Edward IV King England 1442-1483

GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 Great Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great GrandFather: James V King Scotland 1512-1542 Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 2 GrandFather: James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: James III King Scotland 1451-1488 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Great GrandMother: Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise 1496-1550 Great x 8 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: René Lorraine II Duke Lorraine, Duke Bar 1451-1508 Great x 7 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Egmont Duchess Bar, Duchess Lorraine 1467-1547 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon 1493-1583 Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495 Great x 8 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg Count Vendôme Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Mother: Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619

GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588

Great GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark 1503-1559

Great x 2 GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533