Biography of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701

Timeline

Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 14 Oct 1633 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

After 14 Oct 1633 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was created 1st Duke York (5C 1633)

In 1642 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (8) was appointed 439th Knight Garter: Charles I

Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.

On 22 Apr 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) rode from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Whitehall Palace, Westminster. At the Lime Street end of Leadenhall he passed under a triumphal arch built after the Doric order, with Rebellion, her crimson robe alive with snakes, being crushed by Monarchy Restored, and a fine painting of his Majesty's landing at Dover, "with ships at sea, great guns going off, one kneeling and kissing the King's hand, soldiers, horse and foot and many people gazing".
Outside the East India House in Leadenhall Street, City of London, that loyal and honourable trading company expressed their dutiful affections to his Majesty by two Indian youths, one attended by two blackamoors and the other mounted upon a camel, which bore on its back two panniers filled with jewels, spices, and silks to be scattered among the spectators.
At the Conduit in Cornhill a special treat was prepared for the bachelor king in the shape of eight nymphs clad in white. A little further down the street, just opposite the Royal Exchange, was another arch, with stages against it depicting the River Thames and the upper deck of one of his Majesty's ships.
The procession included the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (26){Duke of York}, the Algernon Percy 10th Earl Northumberland 1602-1668 and the Lord Great Chamberlain (51)
The Sword of State was carried by Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond, 5th Duke Lennox 1649-1660 (10)

On 03 Sep 1660 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (26) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 were married in secret. Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 by marriage Duchess York (5C 1633).

On 22 Oct 1660 Charles Stewart 1660-1661 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (27) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 at Worcester House, Worcester Park, Sutton, Surrey

On 30 Apr 1662 Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (28) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

On 12 Jul 1663 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (29) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

Around 1665 Arabella Churchill 1648-1730 (16) became the mistress of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31).

On 06 Feb 1665 Anne Stewart I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31)

Battle of Lowestoft

On 13 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 defeated at Dutch Fleet. Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth 1630-1665 (35) (aboard the Royal Charles), Richard Boyle -1665, Charles Maccarthy 2nd Earl Clancarty -1665_0000033438 and Charles Weston 3rd Earl Portland 1639-1665 (26) were killed.

On 03 Sep 1665 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 were married

On 04 Jul 1666 Charles Stewart 1st Duke Kendal 1666-1667 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (32) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671

In 1667 Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671

On 15 Sep 1667 Edgar Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1667-1671 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671

On 10 Sep 1669 Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 died

On 21 Aug 1670 James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (36) and Arabella Churchill 1648-1730 (22)

On 09 Feb 1671 Catherine Stewart 1671-1671 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (37) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671

On 31 Mar 1671 Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 died

On Aug 1673 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Albermarle 1673-1702 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (39) and Arabella Churchill 1648-1730 (25) at St James' Square, St James', Westminster

On 20 Sep 1673 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (39) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 were married

In 1674 Arabella Fitzjames 1674-1704 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (40) and Arabella Churchill 1648-1730 (26)

On 10 Jan 1675 Catherine Laura Stewart 1675-1675 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (41) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718

Before 1676 Catherine Sedley Earl Dorchester 1657-1717 (18) became the mistress of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (42).

On 28 Aug 1676 Isabel Stewart 1676-1681 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (42) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718

On 07 Nov 1677 Charles Stewart 1677-1677 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (44) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718

In 1679 John Robartes 1st Earl Radnor 1606-1685 (72) was created 1st Earl Radnor (1C 1679), 1st Viscount Bodmin by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (48) in reward for having supported Charles' brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (45) 's future accession. Letitia Isabella Smythe Countess Radnor 1630-1714 (49) by marriage Countess Radnor (1C 1679)

In 1680 Catherine Darnley Duchess Buckingham and Normandby 1680-1743 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (46) and Catherine Sedley Earl Dorchester 1657-1717 (22)

Sinking of HMS Gloucester

On 06 May 1682 Richard Hill -1682 drowned off Great Yarmouth, Norfolk during the Sinking of HMS Gloucester when it struck a sandbank. The future James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (48) and John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (31) were rescued in the ship's boat.
John Hope of Hopetoun 1651-1682 drowned during the sinking of HMS Gloucester.

Rye House Plot

Before 21 Mar 1683 the Rye House Plot was an attempt to assassinate Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52) and his brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (49) as they passed Rye House, Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire when were returning from the races at Newmarket, Suffolk on 01 Apr 1683. In the event a fire at Newmarket, Suffolk on the 22 Mar 1683 the races were cancelled.

In 1684 James Darnley 1684-1685 was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) and Catherine Sedley Earl Dorchester 1657-1717 (26)

On 06 Feb 1685 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 by marriages Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland

Death of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace, Westminster.
His brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

Coronation James II

On 23 Apr 1685 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart by William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 crowned Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey, Westminster.
Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (21) was appointed as Lord High Constable.

In 1686 Thomas Cartwright Bishop Chester 1634-1689 (52) was appointed Bishop Chester by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52)

In 1686 Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (25) was created 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset (1C 1686) by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) three years after Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (25) married the King's illegitimate daughter Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (18). Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (18) by marriage Baroness Waldegrave Chewton Somerset (1C 1686).

In 1687 James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (17) was created 1st Duke Berwick by his father James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (53).

On 10 Jun 1688 James "Old Pretender" Stewart 1688-1766 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (54) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Winifred Trentham 1645-1725 (43) was present.

On 11 Dec 1688 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55) abdicated II King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart

Battle of the Boyne

On 01 Jul 1690 the Battle of the Boyne was fought between the armies of Protestant William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 and Catholic James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (56).
The English army was commanded by Frederick Schomberg 1st Duke Schomberg 1615-1690 (74)
The English or Protestant army included Richard Lumley 1st Earl Scarborough 1650-1721 (40), Osmund Mordaunt -1690 and Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704.
For the Irish or Catholic army James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (19) and Henry Hobart 4th Baronet Hobart 1657-1698 (33) fought. Richard Hamilton -1717 was captured.

On 28 Jun 1692 Louisa Maria Teresa Stewart 1692-1712 was born to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (58) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (61) when Duke of York.

On 16 Sep 1701 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (67) died at Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines. He was buried in the Church of the English Benedictines

Sinking of HMS Gloucester

In 1703 Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun 1681-1742 (22) was created 1st Earl Hopetoun by Anne Stewart I Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (38) in recognitions of his father having given up his seat in a lifeboat to the Duke of York during the Sinking of HMS Gloucester; his father subsequently drowned.

On 07 May 1718 Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 died

Charles Darnley was born illegitimately to James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Catherine Sedley Earl Dorchester 1657-1717

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

Descendants Family Trees:

James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 23 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 20 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 15 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649

Kings Scotland: Grand Son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

Kings Franks: Great x 13 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Grand Son of Henry IV King France 1553-1610

Ancestry

Father: Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 Son James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

GrandFather: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 Great x 2 Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 Great Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 2 GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox 1516-1571 Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 Great x 5 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart Countess Lennox 1495-1564 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 3 GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 Great x 10 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 Great Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 2 GrandFather: James V King Scotland 1512-1542 Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 3 GrandFather: James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 Great x 4 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Great x 2 GrandMother: Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise 1496-1550 Great x 8 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon 1493-1583 Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandMother: Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619

Great GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588

Great x 2 GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark 1503-1559

Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533

Mother: Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 Great x 8 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Henry IV King France 1553-1610 Great x 7 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Antoine King Navarre 1518-1562 Great x 6 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme 1489-1537 Great x 5 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495 Great x 8 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg Count Vendôme Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Françoise Valois-Alençon Count Vendôme Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Rene Valois-Alençon Duke Alençon 1454-1492 Great x 5 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Lorraine Duchess Alençon 1463-1521 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandMother: Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre 1528-1572 Great x 8 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry II King Navarre 1503-1555 Great x 8 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Jean III King Navarre 1469-1516 Great x 10 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre -1517 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandMother: Marguerite Valois-Orleans Queen Consort Navarre 1492-1549 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois-Orleans Count Angouleme 1459-1496 Great x 6 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Louise Savoy Count Angouleme

GrandMother: Marie de Medici Queen Consort France 1575-1642

Great GrandFather: Francesco I de Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany 1541-1587

Great x 2 GrandFather: Cosimo I de Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany 1519-1574

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lodovico de Medici aka Giovanni delle Bande Nere 1498-1526