Biography of Henry VIII King England and Ireland

Timeline

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was created as Duke Cornwall.

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England at Palace of Placentia.

In 1494 Henry VIII was created 1st Duke York (3C 1494).

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (8C 1504). John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson was knighted. .

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VIII succeeded VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor.

On 23 Jun 1509 Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were married at the Church of the Observant Friars.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland was knighted. Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Before Oct 1509 Richard Empson was imprisoned by Henry VIII for constructive treason.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall was born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon at Richmond Palace. Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall was appointed as Duke Cornwall. .

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster. The challengers included Henry VIII who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell.
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton, Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent, Thomas Cheney, Richard Blount and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest, Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde, Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Edmund Howard and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire.

On 04 Feb 1512 Henry VIII re-convened his 2nd Parliament. The Procession was recorded on a Parliamentary Rolls as follows:.

Battle of the Spurs

On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs. Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset, Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham, Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford and Anthony Wingfield. John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell, William Compton, John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford and William Hussey was knighted by Henry VII King England and Ireland. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor was created as Knight Banneret.

On 25 Sep 1513 John Vere 15th Earl Oxford was knighted by Henry VIII at Tournai.

Birth of Princess Mary

On 18 Feb 1516 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon at Palace of Placentia. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan was created 1st Baron Bryan. .

On 15 Jun 1519 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset was born to Henry VIII and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton, Baroness Tailboys at Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence.

Field of the Cloth of Gold

On Jun 1520 Henry VIII hosted Field of the Cloth of Gold at Balinghem. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset carried the Sword of State. John Stokesley Bishop London attended as Henry VIII's chaplain. Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye, Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth, Anthony Poyntz, William Coffin Master, William "Great" Courtenay, Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex, William Paston, William Denys, Richard Cecil, William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland, John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt, Henry Guildford, Marmaduke Constable, William Compton, William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy, Thomas Cheney, Henry Willoughby, John Rodney, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney, William Sidney, John Vere 14th Earl Oxford, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford, Edmund Walsingham, Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West, Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer, Anthony Wingfield and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham attended. William Carey jousted. Margaret Dymoke attended. William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne organised. Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford attended.

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII. He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children. .

Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

On May 1522 Henry VIII met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor at Dover. William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy, William Compton, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands.Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy, Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII.
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter was created 1st Marchioness Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland was created 1st Countess Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried the Sword of State. Thomas More read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset, !Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland and Eleanor Brandon were married at Bridewell Palace. .

On 04 Mar 1526 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon was born to William Carey and Mary Boleyn. There is speculation among historians that his father may actually have been Henry VIII who was known to have had an affair with Mary Boleyn although the precise dates are unknown.

On 19 Oct 1526 Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk became a ward of Henry VIII.

On 01 Mar 1528 Henry VIII sold the wardship of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk to Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk who subsequently married her.

In 1529 John Mundy Lord Mayor was knighted by Henry VIII.

In 1530 the Prior of Llanthony Priory sent cheese, carp and baked lamphreys to Henry VIII at Windsor.

On 11 Nov 1530 Giles Alington was knighted by Henry VIII at Whitehall Palace.

On Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth was executed by Henry VIII for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armour at City of London.

Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII performing the investiture at Windsor Castle. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley, Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop York, John Stokesley Bishop London were present. Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester read the Patent of Creation. .

Henry and Anne Visit France

Around Nov 1532 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England met with Francis I King France at Calais. Henry Howard was present. .

In 1533 William Holles Lord Mayor was knighted by Henry VIII.

In 1533 Henry VIII granted William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton to inpark 600 acres of meadow, pasture and wood and build fortifications at Cowdray House.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield at Whitehall Palace. Thomas Heneage and Henry Norreys witnessed. .

Statute in Restraint of Appeals

In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions. Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.

Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid

On 23 May 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury declared the marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon invalid. .

On 03 Aug 1533 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth, and after her the Duchess of Norfolk, and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk, who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey was put to death by King Henry the VIIIth};Edward Courtenay}, son of theMarquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner, deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset}, whose Lord had been beheaded. They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restoredCourtenay to the honor of his family. Gardiner not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

On 07 Sep 1533 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

First Act of Supremacy

On 03 Nov 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Supremacy by which Henry VIII and his heirs were declared to be Supreme Head of the Church of England. Henry had now abandoned Rome completely.

On 21 Aug 1535 Nicholas Poyntz visited by Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England at Acton Court.

Pilgrimage of Grace

In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Howard and Edmund Knyvet undertook the suppression of the rebels. .

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

Henry VIII Tournament

On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon died. Henry VIII was badly injured badly causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter. It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic. .

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon

On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Chancel at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII refused their daughter Henry VIII permission to attend. On the same day Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England miscarried a boy; regarded as the start of Anne's demise. .

Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

On 20 May 1536 Henry VIII and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England were betrothed the day after Anne Boleyn had been beheaded. .

Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII and Jane Seymour were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester. Jane was appointed as Queen Consort England. .

Bigod's Rebellion

In Jan 1537 Bigod's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Catholics in Cumberland and Westmoreland against Henry VIII. It was led by Francis Bigod.

On 12 Oct 1537 Edward VI King England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England at Hampton Court Palace.

Around 1538 Nicholas Bacon was given the manors of Redgrave, Botesdale and Gislingham in Suffolk, and Gorhambury by Henry VIII.

Exeter Conspiracy

Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter, grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII on Cardinal Reginald Pole. He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII visited Cowdray House.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII visited Cowdray House.

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger. Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland.

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543.Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Anne of Cleves Marriage

On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury at Palace of Placentia. Anne of Cleves was crowned Queen Consort England. .

On 10 Mar 1540 Thomas Jermyn was knighted by Henry VIII.

Marriage of Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII and Catherine Howard were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard was appointed as Queen Consort England. .

On 09 Jul 1540 Henry VIII's marriage to Anne of Cleves was annulled.

Catherine Howard Trial

On 01 Nov 1541 Henry VIII received a warrant for Catherine's arrest from Archbishop Cranmer at Chapel Royal. .

In 1542 Hugh "The Elder" Cholmondeley was knighted by Henry VIII.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII and Catherine Parr were married at Hampton Court Palace. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox attended. .

Christening of Henry Wriothesley

On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley, the future 2nd Earl Southamptin, was christened at St Andrew's Church. His godparents were Henry VIII, Henry's daughter Mary Tudor and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk. .

On 21 May 1545 Robert Townshend was knighted by Henry VIII at Hampton Court Palace.

In Aug 1545 Henry VIII visited Cowdray House.

Death of Henry VIII

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland, Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland.
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury, Anthony Denny, John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland, William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke, Edward Montagu, Edward North 1st Baron North, William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert, William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester, John Russell 1st Earl Bedford, Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset, Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop Durham, Edward Paternal, Nicholas Paternal and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton.

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII died at Whitehall Palace. Death of Henry VIII.

On 16 Feb 1547 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton was created 1st Earl Southampton (2C 1547) in accordance with Henry VIII 's will for which he was nominated executor. Jane Cheney Countess Southampton by marriage Countess Southampton (2C 1547).

Funeral of King Henry VIII

On 16 Feb 1547 Henry VIII was buried in the Henry VIII Vault. John Gage Lord Chamberlain attended. .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Henry VII King England and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: Henry VII King England and Ireland Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond Great x 6 Grandson Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Owen Tudor

Great x 2 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor

Great x 3 GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marged verch Tomos Unknown

Great GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles V King France Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria

GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe

Great x 2 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stourton

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jane Basset Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Mother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England Daughter Edward IV King England

GrandFather: Edward IV King England Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Woodville

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp

Great GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margherita Baux Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England