Biography of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland

Timeline

Birth of Princess Mary

On 18 Feb 1516 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon at Palace of Placentia. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan was created 1st Baron Bryan. .

On 03 Aug 1533 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth, and after her the Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk, and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk, who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey was put to death by King Henry the VIIIth};Edward Courtenay}, son of theMarquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner, deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset}, whose Lord had been beheaded. They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restoredCourtenay to the honor of his family. Gardiner not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex, Philip Boteler, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford and John Gage Lord Chamberlain attended. Mary Scrope carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton attended. .
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew KG, Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet, Edward Neville, Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley, Richard Long and John Wallop carried the canopy.

Funeral of Jane Seymour

On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England was buried in the Henry VIII Vault in St George's Chapel in Windsor.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, John Gage Lord Chamberlain, Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland, Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter attended. .

Wyatt's Rebellion

In 1544 Wyatt's Rebellion was a popular uprising against the marriage of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain led by Thomas Wyatt. William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham sided with the rebels. John Brydges 1st Baron Chandos suppressed the rebellion. .

Christening of Henry Wriothesley

On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley, the future 2nd Earl Southamptin, was christened at St Andrew's Church. His godparents were Henry VIII, Henry's daughter Mary Tudor and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk. .

Death of Henry VIII

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland, Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland.
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury, Anthony Denny, John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland, William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke, Edward Montagu, Edward North 1st Baron North, William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert, William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester, John Russell 1st Earl Bedford, Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset, Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop Durham, Edward Paternal, Nicholas Paternal and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton.

On 18 Jul 1553 Thomas Tresham proclaimed as queen Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and accompanied her to London at Northampton.

On 19 Jul 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland succeeded I King England and Ireland: Tudor.

On 24 Jul 1553 Robert Wingfield hosted Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland during her journey to London to claim the throne from Lady Jane Grey at Ipswich.

Exeter Conspiracy

On 03 Aug 1553 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon was finally released from imprisonment after fifteen years by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland who was a close friend of his mother Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter. .

On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor[Queen of England and Ireland] at Westminster Abbey.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon carried the Sword of State.
John Gage Lord Chamberlain bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal, 11th Baron Morley were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings and John Leigh were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland attended.

In 1554 Hans Eworth. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland.

In 1554 Hans Eworth 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

In 1554 John Brydges 1st Baron Chandos was given Sudeley Castle by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland.

Marriage of Queen Mary with Philip II of Spain

On 25 Jul 1554 Prince Philip of Spain and Queen Mary were married at Winchester Cathedral. John Gage Lord Chamberlain bore the queen's train.
Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague took part in the Bridal Procession.

Around 1556 Hans Eworth. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland.

Around 1556 Hans Eworth 1520-1574. Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558.

Death of Mary I

On 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland died at St James' Palace. William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham was deputed with informing Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain. .

After 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 20 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Daughter of Henry VIII King England and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Daughter of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: Henry VIII King England and Ireland Son Henry VII King England and Ireland

GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond Great x 6 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Owen Tudor

Great x 3 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor

Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England Daughter Edward IV King England

Great GrandFather: Edward IV King England Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Woodville

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate

Great x 2 GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margherita Baux Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Mother: Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Aragon Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: John II King Aragon Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand I King Aragon Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Castile Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Castile Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho Alfonso Ivrea Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Burgundy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Juana Enríquez Queen Consort Aragon Great x 8 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Fadrique Enríquez Count Melgar, Count Rueda Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso Enríquez Enríquez Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Juana Mendoza

Great x 2 GrandMother: Mariana Fernández Count Melgar

Great x 3 GrandFather: Diego Fernández Lord Baena

Great x 3 GrandMother: Inés Ayala

GrandMother: Isabella Trastámara Queen Castile Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John II King Castile Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King Castile Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Castile Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Castile Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constance of Castile Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Castile Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand I King Aragon Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Castile Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Castile Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho Alfonso Ivrea Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Burgundy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England