Biography of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley

Timeline

On 13 Sep 1520 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was born to Richard Cecil and Jane Heckington at Bourne.

Around 1530 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley educated at The King's School.

Around 1532 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley educated at Stamford School.

On May 1535 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley educated at St John's College.

In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley educated at Gray's Inn.

In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mary Cheke were married.

On 05 May 1542 Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mary Cheke.

On 21 Dec 1546 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke were married.

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

On 10 Sep 1547 an English army commanded by Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset defeated a Scottish army commanded by James Hamilton 1st Duke Ch√Ętellerault and Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh at Musselburgh. The English army included John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland, Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford and Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth. John Thynne and Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos were knighted. William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley accompanied Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset.
The Scottish army included John Gordon 11th Earl Sutherland who commanded the Rearguard and Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis. John Stewart, Robert Douglas, Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming, John Livingston, Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield and Hugh Montgomerie were killed. John Hay 4th Lord Hay was captured but soon released.

In 1548 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed as Master of Requests.

On Nov 1549 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was imprisoned at Tower of London.

On 05 Sep 1550 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed as Secretary of State.

On Apr 1551 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed as Chancellor of the Order of the Garter.

In 1553 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was elected as Knight of the Shire: Lincolnshire.

My Device for the Succession

On 15 Jun 1553 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley signed My Device for the Succession.

In 1555 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley built at Burghley House.

In 1555 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was elected as Knight of the Shire: Lincolnshire.

On May 1555 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley accompanied Cardinal Reginald Pole at Calais.

Around 1556 Frances Cecil was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke.

On 05 Dec 1556 Anne Cecil Countess Oxford was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke.

In 1558 Nicholas Bacon was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal following Elizabeth I's accession. He was supported in the appointment by his brother-in-law William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley.

In 1559 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was elected as Knight of the Shire: Lincolnshire.

In 1559 William Cecil was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke.

On Feb 1559 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was elected as Chancellor University of Cambridge.

Around 1560 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley built.

On Jan 1561 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed as Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries.

In 1561 William Cecil was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke.

In 1563 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was elected as Knight of the Shire: Northamptonshire.

On 01 Jun 1563 Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke.

On 01 Jul 1564 Elizabeth Cecil was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke.

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland visited Cambridge University accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley. William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. John Astley Master of the Jewel House was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. .

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598.

In 1566 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland visited Oxford University. William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was created Master of Arts: Oxford University.

Ridolphi Plot

On 29 Aug 1571 Norfolk's secretaries William Barker and Robert Higford entrusted to Thomas Browne, a Shrewsbury draper, what was purported to be a bag of silver coin for delivery to Laurence Bannister, one of Norfolk's officials in the north of England. Browne grew suspicious of the bag's weight, opened it, and discovered 600 pounds in gold from the French ambassador, destined for Scotland on Mary's behalf, and ciphered letters. Because he knew Norfolk was under suspicion, Browne reported his find to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley, the Secretary of State. Higford and Barker were interrogated, the letters were partly deciphered, and a search for the cipher key at Howard House uncovered a ciphered letter from Mary Stuart hidden under a doormat. .

On 25 Feb 1571 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was created 1st Baron Burghley.

In 1572 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed as Lord High Treasurer.

In 1572 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed 356th Knight Garter: Elizabeth I.

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley.

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (attributed).Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598.

On 14 Oct 1586 Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton, Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt, Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth, Christopher Wray, John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton and Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth sat in judgement at Presence Chamber [Trial of Mary Queen of Scots]
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague, George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland, Henry Clinton 2nd Earl Lincoln, Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent, Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland, Henry Stanley 4th Earl Derby, Ambrose Dudley 3rd Earl Warwick, George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford, Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford, William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester, William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley, Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke and Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor were present on the side of the Presence Chamber [Trial of Mary Queen of Scots]
John St John 2nd Baron St John Bletso was present on the left side of the Presence Chamber [Trial of Mary Queen of Scots].

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley.

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598.

In 1592 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was appointed as Master Dublin University.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley. William Cecil was buried at St Martin's Church. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns. Attributed to Cornelius Cure. The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder. Leg Garter.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Cecil

Ancestry

Father: Richard Cecil

GrandFather: David Cecil

Great GrandFather: Richard Cecil

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Cecil

GrandMother: Alice Dicons

Mother: Jane Heckington

GrandFather: William Heckington