Biography of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603

Timeline

On 03 Aug 1533 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (17) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel (57) carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (-1), and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (36), and after her the Gertrude Blount Countess Devon 1503-1558{Marchioness of Exeter} and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (59), who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (59) was put to death by King Henry the (42); Edward Courtenay (6), son of the Marquis of Exeter (37) who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (50), deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset 1497-1587. They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (6) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (50) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 07 Sep 1533 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 was born to Henry VIII (42) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32).

On 10 Sep 1533 the future Elizabeth I was christened at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent.
Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (29), Walter Blount, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (44) and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the covered gilt basin. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 escorted the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (15) carried the Salt. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (36) carried the Chrisom. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (56) carried Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (37) carried a taper of virgin wax.
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (24), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (56), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (38) and George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 supported the train of the mantle.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59), William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) and John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 carried the canopy.

In Mar 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Succession. The Act made Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (18) illegitimate and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 the heir to King Henry VIII (42). The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the king's supremacy.

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Catherine Carey 1524-1569 and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16).
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul. "
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1537 Katherine "Kat" Champernowne 1502-1565 (35) became the governess of the future Elizabeth I (3). Sources state that she accustomed the little girl to the "elaborate code of politeness and respect to her elders". In addition, she taught her charge pursuits such as needlework, embroidery, dancing, and riding. By the age of six, Elizabeth was able to sew a beautiful cambric shirt as a gift for her younger half-brother. Evidently, Katherine had been well educated for she effectively taught the precocious princess mathematics, geography, astronomy, history, French, Italian, Flemish, and Spanish. Elizabeth herself praised Katherine's early devotion to her studies by stating that Kat (as the future Queen calle her governess) took "great labour and pain in bringing of me up in learning and honesty".

Death of Henry VIII

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII (55) made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9), Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (30) and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (13).
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (57), Anthony Denny 1501-1549, John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (42), William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (45), Edward Montagu 1485-1557, Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564, William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563, William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572, John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (61), Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (46), Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop Durham 1474-1559 (72), Edward Paternal 1489-1551, Nicholas Paternal 1497-1567 and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550.

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace. {Death of Henry VIII}

Wyatt's Rebellion

In Jan 1554 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (20) was interrogated.

Execution of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley

On 12 Feb 1554 Lady Jane Grey (18) was beheaded at Tower Green by order of Queen Elizabeth I (20). She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
Guildford Dudley 1535-1554 was beheaded at Tower Hill.

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 18 Mar 1554 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (20) was imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

On 22 May 1554 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (20) was imprisoned at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

In 1558 Nicholas Bacon 1st Baronet Bacon 1540-1624 was knighted by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (24) in Norwich, Norfolk.

On 17 Nov 1558 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (25) succeeded I King England and Ireland: Tudor

In 1559 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (31) entertained Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (25) at Cobham Hall, Cobham, Kent.

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 15 Jan 1559 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (25) was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor by Owen Oglethorpe Bishop Carlisle 1507-1559 (52) at Westminster Abbey.
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Nicholas Heath Archbishop York 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.

Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

On 08 Sep 1560 , the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart -1560 died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place, Abingdon, Berkshire. She was wife of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (28), favourite of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (27). Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (28) was with Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (27) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley.

1562 News Years Day Gift Giving

On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation. Queen Elizabeth (28) was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie. ".
For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge (22), a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it. With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange (30) on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange. She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter Mary Tudor. Margaret Clifford (22) was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.
Dukes, Marquises and Earls
By the Duke of Norfolke (25), in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde £20 0s 0d.
By the William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572, High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Northampton (50), in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Arundell (49), Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Shrewesburye (34), in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Darbye (52), in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Pembroke (61), in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Bedforde (35), in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Rutlande (35), in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Westmerlande (37), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Oxforde (46), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Thomas Percy 7th Earl Northumberland 1528-1572, in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.
By the Earle of Warwike (32), a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke. Delivered to the Lady Cobham (23).
By the Viscounte Mountague (33), in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
Bishops. The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.
By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury (57), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £40 0s 0d.
By the Archbusshop of York (61), in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Duresme (41), in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Ely (68), in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Wynchester (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of London (42), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Salisbury (39), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Edwin Sandys Archbishop York 1519-1588, in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lyncoln (41), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chychester (64), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Norwich (50), in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Hereforde (52), in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry (48), in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Rochester (48), in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Saint Davies (55), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Duchesses and Countesses
By the Duchess of Norfolke (22), in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset 1497-1587, in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Probably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.
By the Frances Vere 1583-1583, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.
By the Countess of Pembroke (38), in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Bridget Hussey Countess Bedford 1526-1601, in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Darby, in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Oxford (36), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager, in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury (37), in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager (51), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon (24), in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Northumberland (24), in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Margaret St John Countess Bedford 1533-1562, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
Viscountesses
By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager (41), six hankercheffes edged with gold. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Vicountess Mountague (24), in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Lordes
By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579, in a purse of silver knytt, in angells £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d
By the William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563, in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Leez 1497-1567, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564, in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the John Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1533-1609, in a paper, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Edward Hastings 1st Baron Hastings Loughborough 1521-1571, in a red silk purse, in French crowns £13 0s 0d.
By the Henry Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1501-1563, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Windsor (29), in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By John Grey 1524-1564, a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt. Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq. Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate. Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530.
By the Henry Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1534-1613, in a red purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Edward Neville 7th Baron Bergavenny 1526-1588, in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Henry Scrope 9th Baron Scrope Bolton 1534-1592, in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Caree of Hundesdon (35), in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Strainge (30), in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Lord Strange being the courtesy title for the Earldom of Derby. He wouldn't inherit until 1572.
By the John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche -1581, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shefild (24), in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos -1573, in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
Ladyes
By the Lady Howarde (47), in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Clinton (35), a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Lady Pagett, in gold £6 13s 4d.
By the Katherine Howard Baroness Berkeley 1538-1596, Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Mountejoye (29), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon (33), in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Margaret Skipwith Baroness Tailboys{Lady Taylboyes}, Sir Peter Carewe's (48) wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Cobham (23), a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke. Re-delivered to herself.
By the Margaret Fiennes 11th Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1541-1612, a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim. With her said Majestie.
By the Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608, a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Margaret Howard Baroness Scrope Bolton{Lady Scrope}, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells £7 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shandowes (37), a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham
By the Catherine Carey 1524-1569, a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk. Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d. With her said Majestie. Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.
By the Frances Radclyffe -1602, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (30) visited Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (54) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43). William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. John Astley Master of the Jewel House 1507-1595 (57) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.

In 1566 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (32) visited Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire. William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (45) was created Master of Arts: Oxford University.

In 1566 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (32) visited St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On Sep 1566 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 visited by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (32) at Rycote, Oxfordshire

In 1568 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 visited by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (34) at Rycote, Oxfordshire

In 1570 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 visited by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (36) at Rycote, Oxfordshire

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (36).

On Jan 1570 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (52) died. His son George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (11) succeeded as 3rd Earl Cumberland, 13th Baron Clifford, 13th Lord Skipton. Being underage his wardship went to Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (36) who gave it to Francis Russell 2nd Earl Bedford 1527-1585 (43) whose daughter George subsequently married.

Ridolphi Plot

Around Mar 1571 the Ridolphi Plot was a Catholic plan to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (37) and replace her with her with Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28) would would marry Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34). Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (37) and Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (34) were cousins through their Great Grandmother Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497.

On 28 Oct 1571 William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (59) died at Warwick Priory, Warwick, Warwickshire. He was buried in the Chancel, St Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire. His funeral was paid for by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (38)

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity. Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress. The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity. Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress. The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (25) became portrait painter to Elizabeth I (38).

In 1572 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 visited by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (38) at Rycote, Oxfordshire

In 1575 Richard Knightley 1532-1615 entertained Queen Elizabeth I (41) at Fawsley Hall, Fawsley, Northamptonshire. The Queen stayed in the Jane Skenard Room,Fawsley Hall, Fawsley, Northamptonshire.

In 1577 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (30) was provided with a stipend of 200 livres by Francis Valois-Angoulême Duke Anjou 1555-1584, a suitor of Elizabeth I (43).

In 1577 George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (18) and Margaret Russell Countess Cumberland 1560-1616 (17) were married, she being the daughter of Francis Russell 2nd Earl Bedford 1527-1585 (50) who had been given George's wardship by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (43). Margaret Russell Countess Cumberland 1560-1616 (17) by marriage Countess Cumberland.

On 21 Sep 1578 Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (46) and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (34) were married secretly much to the anguish of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (45) who developed a deep hatred of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (34). Roger North 2nd Baron North 1530-1600 was present.

In 1579 George Gower 1540-1596 (39). The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (45).

In 1580 Thomas St Paul -1582 was knighted by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (46) at Richmond_Surrey

In 1580 Anne Vavasour 1560-1650 (20) was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth (46)

On 23 Mar 1581 Edward Vere 1581- was born illegitimately to Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (30) and Anne Vavasour 1560-1650 (21). Both parents were imprisoned in Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London the by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (47) as a consequence. Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (30) was released several months later but banished from court until 1583.

In 1581 George Gower 1540-1596 (41) was appointed Serjeant Painter[EnglandThings] to Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (47)

On 22 May 1582 Edward Hoby 1560-1617 (22) was knighted by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (48)

In 1584 Richard Drake 1535-1603 (49) was appointed Groom of the Privy Chamber to Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (50)

Around 1585 William Segar 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (51).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (51).

In 1586 Thomas Heneage 1532-1595 (53) sent by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (52) at Low Countries

Babington Plot

On 06 Jul 1586 Anthony Babington 1561-1586 wrote to Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (43), telling her that he and a group of friends were planning to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (52).

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

On 01 Feb 1587 Queen Elizabeth I (53) signed Mary Queen of Scot's (44) death warrant. Elizabeth gave orders of Mary's jailor Amyas Poulett 1457-1538 to complete the task. He refused.

After 09 Sep 1588 Thomas "The Navigator" Cavendish 1560-1592 paraded his treasure laden ship up the River Thames on his return from his two years and fort nine days trip around the world. He was knighted by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (55) who was invited to dine aboard.

Around 1589 Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (16) was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber: Elizabeth I. Elizabeth (55) had become enamoured of her when she and her twin brother Alexander Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (16) were arrived at Court. The arrival of the two young Person so wondrously alike in their striking physical beauty created something of a mild sensation. She soon became chief among Elizabeth's ladies.

In 1591 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (37) and Elizabeth Throckmorton 1565-1647 were married in secret she probably being pregnant with their first child. When Queen Eizabeth (57) found out they had married without permission she placed them underhouse arrest then sent them to Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 02 Aug 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (57) left at Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey to commence her Royal Progress. She travelled south to Mansion House, Leatherhead, Surrey ; the home of Edmund Tilney 1536-1610 (55).

Elizabeth I's visit to Cowdray House

After 02 Aug 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (57) arrived at East Horsley, Surrey where she stayed with Thomas Cornwallis 1518-1604.

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 15 Aug 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (57) arrived at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex the home of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (62) and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (53). She was welcomed by a breakfast for some 300 guests. George Browne -1615 was knighted. Henry Browne organised the hunting. Elizabeth stayed until the 21 Aug 1591.

On 22 Aug 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (57) arrived in Chichester, West Sussex, Sussex as a guest of John Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1533-1609. She is believed to haved stayed at The Punch House, The Cross, West Sussex, Sussex.

On 22 Aug 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (57) arrived in Chichester, West Sussex, Sussex as a guest of John Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1533-1609. She is believed to haved stayed at The Punch House, The Cross, West Sussex, Sussex.

After 22 Aug 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (57) arrived in Titchfield, Hampshire as a guest of Henry Wriothesley 2nd Earl Southampton 1545-1581.

On 22 Oct 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (58) arrived in Elvetham Hall, Harley Wintney, Hampshire where she was entertained in magnificent style by Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621 (52).

On 26 Oct 1591 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (58) arrived in Oatlands Palace, Weybridge, Surrey.

In 1592 Giles Brydges 3rd Baron Chandos 1548-1594 entertained Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (58).

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30). The Ditchley Portrait of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (58).

On Sep 1592 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 visited by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (58) at Rycote, Oxfordshire

In Sep 1592 Henry Lee 1533-1611 and Anne Vavasour 1560-1650 (32) were visisted by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (58) at their home in Ditchley, Charlbury, Oxfordshire

In 1593 Anthony Cope 1st Baronet Hanwell 1548-1614 (45) was knighted by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (59)

Sack of Cadiz

On 13 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) departed from Plymouth, Devon with a fleet of 150 English and Dutch ships divided into four squads with 6,360 private soldiers, 1,000 English volunteers, and 6,772 sailors.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (60) was admiral in command. Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) commanded the land forces. Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway 1564-1631 (32) commanded a foot Regiment.
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (34),Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (42),Francis Vere 1561-1609 each commanded a squadron.
Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (34) represented Queen Elizabeth (62).

Death of Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon

On 23 Jul 1596 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (70) died at Somerset House, Strand, Westminster. Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (62) was present. She, apparently, proposed he be made Earl Wiltshire. He refused saying . . . "Madam, as you did not count me worthy of this honour in life, then I shall account myself not worthy of it in death".

Around 03 Jul 1597 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 received a letter from Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (63) offering condolences on the death of his son John

In 1599 Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (52) secured an annual allowance from Elizabeth I (65) of £40.

On 05 Aug 1599 Alexander Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) died of wounds and fever in Ulster while campaigning with the Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) during the unsuccessful attempt to bring Ireland under English control. The Queen (65) herself informed his twin sister of her brother's death.

In Sep 1599 when the Queen (65) moved her Court to Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) returned to her childhood home of Ordsall Hall, Ordsall, Lancashire where her condition continued to deteriorate.

On 28 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) presented himself to Elizabeth (66) in her bedchamber at Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey "where he found the queen newly up, the hair about her face”. Elizabeth had just a simple robe over her nightdress, her wrinkled skin was free of cosmetics and, without her wig, Essex saw her bald head with just wisps of thinning grey hair 'hanging about her ears'". The Queen confined the Earl to his rooms with the comment that "an unruly beast must be stopped of his provender. "

On 10 Nov 1599 Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) died at Richmond Palace_Richmond_Surrey. She had never recovered from the news of her twin brother Alexander's death earlier in the year. Margaret was buried in St Margaret's Church, Westminster Abbey with all the ceremonies of a great lady's obsequies. Elizabeth I (66) ordered the Court into mourning. A magnificent monument was erected over her grave at the Queen's expense, and Ben Jonson wrote the inscription for it:
Marble weep, for thou dost cover
A dead beauty underneath thee,
Rich as nature could bequeath thee:
Grant, then, no rude hand remove her.
All the gazers on the skies
Read not in fair heaven's story
Expresser truth or truer glory,
Than they might in her bright eyes.

Rare as wonder was her wit;
And like nectar ever flowing:
Till time, strong by her bestowing,
Conquered have both life and it.
Life whose grief was out of fashion
In these times. Few have so rued
Fate in a brother. To conclude,
For wit, feature, and true passion
Earth, thou hast not such another.
The monument is no longer extant.

On 30 Oct 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was refused the renewal of his lucrative monopoly on Sweet Wine by Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (67) effectively bankrupting him.

Essex Rebellion

After 08 Feb 1601 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 was sentenced to death during the Essex Rebellion. Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (67) on the advice of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (37) commuted the punishment to life imprisonment.

Death of Queen Elizabeth

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace_Richmond_Surrey around three in the morning. Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.
James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 refused to take part. She was supported by William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67)
George Bourchier 1535-1605 carried the Standard of the Dragon.
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.
William Segar 1554-1663 carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms

In 1617 Elizabeth I gave Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 (70) £400 for having made a second Great Seal.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 20 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Daughter of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Daughter of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 Son Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 Great x 3 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 Great x 6 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Great GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great x 2 GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Mother: Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 Great x 7 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 Great x 6 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: William Boleyn 1451-1505

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Boleyn Lord Mayor 1406-1463

Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Boleyn 1380-1440

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ann Hoo 1425-1484

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Hoo 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings 1396-1455

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Wychingham

Great GrandMother: Margaret Butler 1465-1537 Great x 5 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Butler 7th Earl Ormonde 1426-1515 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 Great x 3 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp Countess Ormonde Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Hankford Countess Ormonde 1431-1485 Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Hankford 1397-1431

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Montagu Duchess Exeter -1457 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandMother: Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 Great x 6 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Howard 1385-1437 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1388-1459 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Moleyns -1465

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Moleyns 1378-1425

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 Great x 8 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Frederick Tilney 1416-1445

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip Tilney 1400-1453

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 Great x 7 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lawrence Cheney 1396-1461

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cockayne 1394-1422 Great x 6 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216