Biography of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

Timeline

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married at Westminster Abbey.

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was created as Duke Cornwall

Christening of Henry VIII

After 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 was baptised by Richard Foxe Bishop Exeter, Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Durham, Bishop Winchester 1448-1528 (42) at the Church of the Observant Friars, Greenwich, Kent.

In 1494 Henry VIII (2) was created 1st Duke York (3C 1494)

On 11 Feb 1503 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (37) died in childbirth at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII (12) was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (8C 1504). John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted.

Apr 1509. Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond_Surrey March 24 Hen. VII. , the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c. , of Westminster, 5,000l. , by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c. , of West-minster, by indenture dated _ (blank) day of _ (blank) in the _ (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard Foxe Bishop Exeter, Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Durham, Bishop Winchester 1448-1528 (60){Richard bp of Winchester}, the bps of Richard Fitzjames Archbishop Canterbury -1522{London} and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (40), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (48), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong, Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edmund Dudley 1462-1510, the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated _ (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c. , named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c. , 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i. e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond _ (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. , or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors. "

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace_Richmond_Surrey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop Exeter, Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Durham, Bishop Winchester 1448-1528 (60)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (21)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 holding his staff of office and closing the King's eyes. There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around eighteen at the King's death.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. Givern that William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (40) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 it appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542. Further William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 had been the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop Exeter, Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Durham, Bishop Winchester 1448-1528 (60)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (21)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 holding his staff of office and closing the King's eyes. There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around eighteen at the King's death.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. Givern that William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (40) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 it appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542. Further William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 had been the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

On 23 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) and Catherine of Aragon (23) were married at the Church of the Observant Friars, Greenwich, Kent.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (15) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Before Oct 1509 Richard Empson 1450-1510 (59) was imprisoned by Henry VIII (18) for constructive treason

On 01 Jan 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was appointed as Duke Cornwall.

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII (19) celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster. The challengers included Henry VIII (19) who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (15) as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville 1471-1538 as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell -1551.
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547, Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (16), Thomas Cheney 1485-1558, Richard Blount_0000020634 and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537, Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford 1489-1532, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (34), Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (37), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (32).

On 04 Feb 1512 Henry VIII (20) re-convened his 2nd Parliament. The Procession was recorded on a Parliamentary Rolls as follows:

Battle of the Spurs

On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII (22) fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs. Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (45) (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (36), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552. John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell 1495-1561, William Compton 1482-1528, John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 and William Hussey 1472-1531 was knighted by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (46) was created as Knight Banneret.

On 25 Sep 1513 John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) was knighted by Henry VIII (22) at Tournai

Birth of Princess Mary

On 18 Feb 1516 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was born to Henry VIII (24) and Catherine of Aragon (30) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan 1468-1552 was created 1st Baron Bryan.

On 15 Jun 1519 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 was born illegitimately to Henry VIII (27) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton, Baroness Tailboys 1502-1539 at Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence, Ingatestone, Blackmore, Essex

Field of the Cloth of Gold

On Jun 1520 Henry VIII (28) hosted Field of the Cloth of Gold at Balinghem.
Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (42) carried the Sword of State.
John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (45) attended as Henry VIII's chaplain.
Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye 1484-1539 (36), Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (42), Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533, William Coffin Master 1495-1538 (25), William "Great" Courtenay 1477-1535 (43), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542, William Paston 1479-1554, William Denys 1470-1533 (50), Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (25), William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (22), John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562, Henry Guildford 1489-1532, Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545, William Compton 1482-1528, William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534, Thomas Cheney 1485-1558, Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (69), John Rodney 1461-1528 (59), John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (34), William Sidney 1482-1554, John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (20), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (49), Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550, Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525, Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer 1472-1521, Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 attended.
William Carey 1500-1528 jousted. Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545 attended.
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (50) organised.
Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 attended.
Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 was present.

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire.

Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

On May 1522 Henry VIII (30) met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (22) at Dover, Kent. William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534, William Compton 1482-1528, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (36) and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (51) were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6), Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33).
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (31) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (7) and Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 were married at Bridewell Palace.

On 04 Mar 1526 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 was born to William Carey 1500-1528 and Mary Boleyn 1499-1543. There is speculation among historians that his father may actually have been Henry VIII (34) who was known to have had an affair with Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 although the precise dates are unknown.

On 19 Oct 1526 Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (7) became a ward of Henry VIII (35).

Before 1528 Thomas Morgan 1482-1538 was appointed Esquire to the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (36)

On 01 Mar 1528 Henry VIII (36) sold the wardship of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (8) to Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 who subsequently married her.

In 1529 John Mundy Lord Mayor -1537 was knighted by Henry VIII (37)

In Oct 1529 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (51) was appointed Lord Chancellor by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (38)

In 1530 the Prior of Llanthony Priory, Llanthony, Vale Ewyas, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales sent cheese, carp and baked lamphreys to Henry VIII (38) at Windsor, Berkshire

On 11 Nov 1530 Giles Alington 1499-1586 (31) was knighted by Henry VIII (39) at Whitehall Palace, Westminster

On Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 was executed by Henry VIII (40) for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armour at City of London

Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (31) was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII (41) performing the investiture at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (55), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (58), Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley 1495-1551 (37), Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop York 1482-1544 (50), John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (57) were present.
Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester 1483-1555 (49) read the Patent of Creation.
Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (12) carried Anne's (31) train replacing her mother Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (35) who had been banished from Court. Anne (31) and Mary Howard 1519-1557{she} were cousins.

Henry and Anne Visit France

Around Nov 1532 Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (31) met with Francis I King France 1494-1547 (38) at Calais. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (16) was present.

In 1533 William Holles Lord Mayor 1471-1542 was knighted by Henry VIII (41)

In 1533 Henry VIII (41) granted William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 to inpark 600 acres of meadow, pasture and wood and build fortifications at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (45) at Whitehall Palace. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1515-1564, Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 witnessed.

Statute in Restraint of Appeals

In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII (41) forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions. Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.

Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid

On 23 May 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury (43) declared the marriage of Henry VIII (41) and Catherine of Aragon (47) invalid.

On 03 Aug 1533 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (17) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel (57) carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (-1), and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (36), and after her the Gertrude Blount Countess Devon 1503-1558{Marchioness of Exeter} and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (59), who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (59) was put to death by King Henry the (42); Edward Courtenay (6), son of the Marquis of Exeter (37) who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (50), deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset 1497-1587. They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (6) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (50) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 07 Sep 1533 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 was born to Henry VIII (42) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32).

1534 Treasons Act

After 1534 Parliament enacted the Treason Act made it treason, punishable by death, to not swear an oath recognising the King Henry VIII (42) as the ". . . Only Head of the Church of England . . . ".

In Mar 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Succession. The Act made Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (18) illegitimate and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 the heir to King Henry VIII (42). The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the king's supremacy.

First Act of Supremacy

On 03 Nov 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Supremacy by which Henry VIII (43) and his heirs were declared to be Supreme Head of the Church of England. Henry had now abandoned Rome completely.

Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

Before 22 Jun 1535 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (47) presided over the trial of John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (65) and Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) both of whom refused to take the Oath Of Supremacy. The judges including Anne Boleyn's father William Boleyn 1451-1505 and brother Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (58). Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 brought Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Leez 1497-1567 as a witness who testified that Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) had denied that the King was the legitimate head of the Church. However, Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (32) to the contrary.
The jury took, somewhat unsurprisingly, only fifteen minutes to conclude Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) was guilty. He was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered; the King (43) commuted this to beheading.

On 21 Aug 1535 Nicholas Poyntz 1510-1556 visited by Henry VIII (44) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (34) at Acton Court, Iron Acton, Gloucestershire

Pilgrimage of Grace

In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII (44). Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48) condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (62), Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 undertook the suppression of the rebels.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

Death of Catherine of Aragon

On 07 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon (50) died at Kimbolton Castle, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire in the arms of her great friend Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby.

Henry VIII Tournament

On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII (44) held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon died. Henry VIII (44) was badly injured causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter. It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic.

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon

On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Chancel, Peterborough Cathedral, Peterborough, Northamptonshire at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII (44) refused their daughter Henry VIII (44) permission to attend. On the same day Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) miscarried a boy; regarded as the start of Anne's demise.

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Catherine Carey 1524-1569 and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16).
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul. "
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

On 20 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27) were betrothed the day after Anne Boleyn had been beheaded. .

Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and Jane Seymour (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester (53). Jane (27) was appointed as Queen Consort England.

Bigod's Rebellion

In Jan 1537 Bigod's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Catholics in Cumberland and Westmoreland against Henry VIII (45). It was led by Francis Bigod 1507-1537.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 12 Oct 1537 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was born to Henry VIII (46) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) at Hampton Court Palace_Richmond_Surrey.

Death of Jane Seymour

On 24 Oct 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) died at Hampton Court Palace at two in the morning as a result of complications arising childbirth.

Around 1538 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 was given the manors of Redgrave, Suffolk, Botesdale, Suffolk and Gislingham, Suffolk in Suffolk, and Gorhambury, Hertfordshire by Henry VIII (46).

Exeter Conspiracy

Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII (47) and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42), grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (50) presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (67) sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII (47) on Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38). He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII (48) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII (48) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43). Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Anne of Cleves Marriage

On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Anne of Cleves (24) were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (50) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. Anne of Cleves (24) was crowned Queen Consort England. .

On 10 Mar 1540 Thomas Jermyn 1482-1552 was knighted by Henry VIII (48)

Marriage of Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Catherine Howard (16) were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard (16) was appointed as Queen Consort England.

On 09 Jul 1540 Henry VIII's (49) marriage to Anne of Cleves (24) was annulled.

Catherine Howard Trial

On 01 Nov 1541 Henry VIII (50) received a warrant for Catherine's arrest from Archbishop Cranmer at Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace_Richmond_Surrey.

In 1542 Hugh "The Elder" Cholmondeley 1513-1596 was knighted by Henry VIII (50)

Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

On 13 Feb 1542 Catherine Howard (18) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 were beheaded at Tower Green. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended.
Catherine Howard (18) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII (52) and Catherine Parr (30) were married at Hampton Court Palace. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (30) was crowned as Queen Consort England. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 (27) attended.

Christening of Henry Wriothesley

On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley 2nd Earl Southampton 1545-1581, the future 2nd Earl Southamptin, was christened at St Andrew's Church, Holborn, Middlesex. His godparents were Henry VIII (53), Henry's daughter Mary Tudor (29) and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545.

On 21 May 1545 Robert Townshend -1556 was knighted by Henry VIII (53) at Hampton Court Palace_Richmond_Surrey

In Aug 1545 Henry VIII (54) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

Death of Henry VIII

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII (55) made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9), Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (30) and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (13).
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (57), Anthony Denny 1501-1549, John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (42), William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (45), Edward Montagu 1485-1557, Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564, William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563, William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572, John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (61), Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (46), Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop Durham 1474-1559 (72), Edward Paternal 1489-1551, Nicholas Paternal 1497-1567 and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550.

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace. {Death of Henry VIII}

Funeral of King Henry VIII

On 16 Feb 1547 Henry VIII was buried in the Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 attended.

On 16 Feb 1547 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550 was created 1st Earl Southampton (2C 1547) in accordance with Henry VIII 's will for which he was nominated executor. Jane Cheney Countess Southampton by marriage Countess Southampton (2C 1547).

On 05 Sep 1548 Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (36) died in childbirth at Chapel, Sudeley Castle, Sudeley, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire

On 16 Jul 1557 Anne of Cleves (41) died at Chelsea Manor, Chelsea, Kensington and Chelsea. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 25 Dec 1513 John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518 was knighted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 Great x 3 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381

GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 Great x 6 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382

Great x 2 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stourton 1334- Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Mother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter Edward IV King England 1442-1483

GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-

Great GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216