Biography of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558

Birth of Princess Mary

On 18 Feb 1516 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was born to Henry VIII (24) and Catherine of Aragon (31) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan 1468-1552 was created 1st Baron Bryan.


On 03 Aug 1533 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (17) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel (57) carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (-1), and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (36), and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (60), who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (60) was put to death by King Henry the (42); Edward Courtenay (6), son of the Marquis of Exeter (37) who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (50), deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (36). They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (6) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (50) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.


In Mar 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Succession. The Act made Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (18) illegitimate and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 the heir to King Henry VIII (42).The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the king's supremacy.


Death of Catherine of Aragon

On 07 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon (51) died at Kimbolton Castle, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire in the arms of her great friend Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby.


On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe.Christopher Barker -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew KG 1496-1539, Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547, Edward Neville 1471-1538, Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.


On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 was buried in the Henry VIII Vault in St George's Chapel in Windsor.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53), John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (58), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (20), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64), Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (45), Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (39), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) attended.


Wyatt's Rebellion

In 1544 Wyatt's Rebellion was a popular uprising against the marriage of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (27) and Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (16) led by Thomas Wyatt 1521-1554 (23).William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (16) sided with the rebels. John Brydges 1st Baron Chandos 1492-1557 suppressed the rebellion.


On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley, the future 2nd Earl Southamptin, was christened at St Andrew's Church, Holborn, Middlesex.His godparents were Henry VIII (53), Henry's daughter Mary Tudor (29) and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk (61).


On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII (55) made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly.The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9), Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (30) and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (13).
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (57), Anthony Denny 1501-1549, John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (42), William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (45), Edward Montagu 1485-1557, Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564, William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (40), William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 (63), John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (61), Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (46), Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop Durham 1474-1559 (72), Edward Paternal 1489-1551, Nicholas Paternal 1497-1567 and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550 (41).


On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace.


On 18 Jul 1553 Thomas Tresham -1559 proclaimed as queen Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) and accompanied her to London at Northampton, Northamptonshire


On 19 Jul 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) succeeded I King England and Ireland: Tudor


On 24 Jul 1553 Robert Wingfield 1513-1561 hosted Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) during her journey to London to claim the throne from Lady Jane Grey (17) at Ipswich, Suffolk


On 03 Aug 1553 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) was finally released from imprisonment after fifteen years by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) who was a close friend of his mother Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (49).


On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) carried the Sword of State.
John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582 and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal, 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings 1515- and John Leigh 1502-1564 (51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (28) attended.


In 1554 John Brydges 1st Baron Chandos 1492-1557 was given Sudeley Castle, Sudeley, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37).


In 1554 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (34). Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37).


Marriage of Queen Mary with Philip II of Spain

On 25 Jul 1554 Prince Philip of Spain (27) and Queen Mary (38) were married (they were first-cousins once-removed x 4, third-cousins x 2) at Winchester Cathedral. John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (74) bore the queen's train.
Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 took part in the Bridal Procession.


Around 1556 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (36). Portrait of Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (39).


Death of Mary I

On 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (42) died at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster. William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham 1527-1597 (31) was deputed with informing Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (31).


After 17 Nov 1558 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was buried at Westminster Abbey.


On 13 Sep 1598 Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (71) died.His son Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (20) succeeded III King Spain


Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 20 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Daughter of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Daughter of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 Son Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509


GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 Great x 3 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 Great x 3 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Valois Arms. Capet Arms a bordure gules.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Valois Arms. Capet Arms a bordure gules.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Beaufort Arms. Plantagenet Arms, a bordure compony.


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Beaufort Arms. Plantagenet Arms, a bordure compony.


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Beaufort Arms. Plantagenet Arms, a bordure compony.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Holland Arms. Plantagenet Arms, a bordure argent.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 Great x 6 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Beauchamp Arms. Gules a Fess or between six crosslets or.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Beauchamp Arms. Gules a Fess or between six crosslets or.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Stourton Arms. Sable, a bend or between six fountains.


GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter Edward IV King England 1442-1483

York Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points argent, on each point three torteax.


Great GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

York Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points argent, on each point three torteax.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

York Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points argent, on each point three torteax.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

York Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points argent, on each point three torteax.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Mortimer Arms. Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Neville Arms. Gules, a saltire argent.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Beaufort Arms. Plantagenet Arms, a bordure compony.


Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Woodville Arms. Argent, a Fess and a canton conjoined gules.


Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Woodville Arms. Argent, a Fess and a canton conjoined gules.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Woodville Arms. Argent, a Fess and a canton conjoined gules.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448


Great x 2 GrandMother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Baux Arms. Gules, an estoile argent.


Mother: Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 Great x 8 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandFather: John II King Aragon 1398-1479 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand I King Aragon 1380-1416 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Castile 1358-1390 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Castile 1358-1382 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1374-1465 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Ivrea Arms. Argent, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules. href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anscarids#/media/File:Arms


Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho Alfonso Ivrea 1331- Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Ivrea Arms. Argent, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules. href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anscarids#/media/File:Arms


Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Burgundy 1354-1381 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Juana Enríquez Queen Consort Aragon 1425-1468 Great x 8 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Fadrique Enríquez Count Melgar, Count Rueda 1390-1473 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso Enríquez Enríquez 1354-1429 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Juana Mendoza 1360-1431


Great x 2 GrandMother: Mariana Fernández Count Melgar 1394-1431


Great x 3 GrandFather: Diego Fernández Lord Baena


Great x 3 GrandMother: Inés Ayala


GrandMother: Isabella Trastámara Queen Castile 1451-1504 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: John II King Castile 1405-1454 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Castile 1358-1390 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Castile 1358-1382 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points ermine.


Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points ermine.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Ivrea Arms. Argent, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules. href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anscarids#/media/File:Arms


Great GrandMother: Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Castile 1428-1496 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Prince John Aviz Constable Portugal 1400-1442 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms. England Edward III Arms a label three points ermine.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Braganza 1402-1466 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Afonso Aviz I Duke Braganza 1377-1461 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189