Biography of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598

Timeline

On 13 Sep 1520 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 was born to Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (25) and Jane Heckington -1587 at Bourne, Lincolnshire

Before 1520 Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (25) and Jane Heckington -1587 were married

Around 1530 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (9) educated at The King's School, Grantham, Lincolnshire

Around 1532 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (11) educated at Stamford School, Stamford, Lincolnshire

On May 1535 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (14) educated at St John's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (20) educated at Gray's Inn, Temple, City of London

In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (20) and Mary Cheke -1543 were married

On 05 May 1542 Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (21) and Mary Cheke -1543

On Feb 1543 Mary Cheke -1543 died

On 21 Dec 1546 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (26) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549 (20) were married

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

On 10 Sep 1547 an English army commanded by Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (47) defeated a Scottish army commanded by James Hamilton 1st Duke Ch√Ętellerault 1516-1575 (31) and Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (58) at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh at Musselburgh.The English army included John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (43), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (47) and Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584. John Thynne 1515-1580 (32) and Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos -1573 were knighted.
William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (26) accompanied Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (47).
John Forbes 6th Lord Forbes 1475-1547 (82) was killed
John Thynne 1515-1580 (32) was knighted after the battle.
The Scottish army included John Gordon 11th Earl Sutherland 1525-1567 (22) who commanded the Rearguard and Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558 (32). John Stewart -1547, Robert Douglas 1505-1547 (41), Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming 1494-1547 (53), John Livingston -1547, Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield -1547 and Hugh Montgomerie -1547 were killed. John Hay 4th Lord Hay -1556 was captured but soon released.

In 1548 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (27) was appointed as Master of Requests

On 04 Apr 1549 Mildred Cooke 1526-1549 (23) died

On Nov 1549 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (29) was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 05 Sep 1550 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (29) was appointed as Secretary of State

On Apr 1551 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (30) was appointed as Chancellor of the Order of the Garter

In 1553 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (32) was elected as Knight of the Shire: Lincolnshire

On 19 Mar 1553 Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (58) died at Canon Row, Westminster.He was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster Abbey

My Device for the Succession

On 15 Jun 1553 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (32) signed My Device for the Succession

In 1555 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (34) built at Burghley House, Stamford, Lincolnshire

In 1555 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (34) was elected as Knight of the Shire: Lincolnshire

On May 1555 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (34) accompanied Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (55) at Calais

Around 1556 Frances Cecil 1556- was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (35) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549

On 05 Dec 1556 Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (36) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549

In 1558 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal following Elizabeth I's accession.He was supported in the appointment by his brother-in-law William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (37).

In 1559 William Cecil 1559-1559 was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (38) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549

In 1559 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (38) was elected as Knight of the Shire: Lincolnshire

On Feb 1559 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (38) was elected as Chancellor University of Cambridge

Around 1560 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (39) built

On Jan 1561 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (40) was appointed as Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries

In 1561 William Cecil 1561-1561 was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (41) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549

In 1563 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (42) was elected as Knight of the Shire: Northamptonshire

On 01 Jun 1563 Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (42) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549

On 01 Jul 1564 Elizabeth Cecil 1564- was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43) and Mildred Cooke 1526-1549

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (30) visited Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (54) and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43). William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.John Astley Master of the Jewel House 1507-1595 (57) was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1566 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (32) visited Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (45) was created Master of Arts: Oxford University.

Ridolphi Plot

On 29 Aug 1571 Norfolk's secretaries William Barker and Robert Higford entrusted to Thomas Browne, a Shrewsbury draper, what was purported to be a bag of silver coin for delivery to Laurence Bannister, one of Norfolk's officials in the north of England. Browne grew suspicious of the bag's weight, opened it, and discovered 600 pounds in gold from the French ambassador, destined for Scotland on Mary's behalf, and ciphered letters. Because he knew Norfolk was under suspicion, Browne reported his find to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (49), the Secretary of State. Higford and Barker were interrogated, the letters were partly deciphered, and a search for the cipher key at Howard House uncovered a ciphered letter from Mary Stuart hidden under a doormat.

On 25 Feb 1571 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (50) was created 1st Baron Burghley

In 1572 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (51) was appointed 356th Knight Garter: Elizabeth I

In 1572 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (51) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (23) (attributed).Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (64). His right hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

On 14 Oct 1586 Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton 1544-1589, Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601, Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593, Christopher Wray 1524-1592 (62), John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton 1553-1588 and Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1556-1625 sat in judgement on Mary Queen of Scots (43) in the Presence Chamber, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire.
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (57), George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (28), Henry Clinton 2nd Earl Lincoln 1539-1616, Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (45), Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 (37), Henry Stanley 4th Earl Derby 1531-1593 (55), Ambrose Dudley 3rd Earl Warwick 1530-1590 (56), George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (58), Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (36), William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 (60), William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (66), Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (48) and Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor 1530-1587 (56) were present on the side of the Presence Chamber, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire.
John St John 2nd Baron St John Bletso -1596 was present on the left side of the Presence Chamber, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire.
John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton 1553-1588 was a juror.

On 10 Mar 1587 Jane Heckington -1587 died

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (69). His left hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1592 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (71) was appointed as Master Dublin University

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley.William Cecil (77) was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Large free-standing monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns.Attributed to Cornelius Cure -1607.The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder.Leg Garter.In his right hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office originally white.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Cecil

Ancestry

Father: Richard Cecil 1495-1553

GrandFather: David Cecil 1460-1540

Great GrandFather: Richard Cecil -1508

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Cecil -1426

GrandMother: Alice Dicons

Mother: Jane Heckington -1587

GrandFather: William Heckington