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Tomb of Richard III, Leicester Cathedral

Discovered in a car park at the former Greyfriars Church, Leicester, Richard III's remains were reinterred to Leicester Cathedral 22 March 2015.

Richard's short life, he died aged 32, reigned but two years, was brutal from start to finish. His father, Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and older brother Edmund, Earl of Rutland, were both murdered at the Battle of Wakefield, 30 December 1460. Their heads being displayed at Micklegate Bar, York. His brother George, Duke of Clarence, tried and excuted for treason in 1478.

On the death of his brother, King Edward IV, in 1483, he usurped the throne, executing Elizabeth Woodville's (Edward IV's Queen Consort) brother Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, as well as Edward IV's eldest boys, The Prince's in the Tower. His reign was short-lived being ended by King Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth Field.

Richard's personal motto "Loyalty Binds Me".

Ref: Leicester_Cathedral.Richard_III.20160317-135234.jpg

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[TIMELINE] KING RICHARD III OF ENGLAND
02 Oct 1452 Born Fotheringay Castle.
Father Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.
Mother Cecily Neville, Duchess of York.
CHILD
22 May 1455 First Battle of St Albans
Traditionally regarded as the first battle of the Wars of the Roses. Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians.
Yorkist Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father).
Yorkist Richard Neville (5th), 5th Earl of Salisbury, grandson of John of Gaunt, father of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
Yorkist Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
Lancastrian Henry VI captured.
Lancastrian Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset (grandson of John of Gaunt) killed.
Lancastrian Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham (grandson of Thomas of Woodstock, Edward III's youngest son) captured.
Lancastrian Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (great-grandson of Lionel of Antwerp, eldest son of Edward III) killed.
Lancastrian Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford killed.
Lancastrian Jasper Tudor, half-brother to Henry VI TBC.
12 October 1459 Battle of Ludford Bridge
Lancastrian henry VI victorious.
Lancastrian Humphrey Stafford fought.
Yorkist Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York fought.
Yorkist Richard Neville (5th), 5th Earl of Salisbury fought.
Yorkist Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, Earl of Warwick, fought.
13 October 1459 Ludlow
Cecily Neville captured.
George of Clarence captured.
Richard of Gloucester (future Richard III) captured.
30 December 1460 Battle of Wakefield.
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father) killed.
Edmund, Earl of Rutland (elder brother) killed by John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford in revenge for his father's (Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford) death at the First Battle of St Albans.
After 30 Dec 1460 Sent to Low Countries.
02 February 1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross
Preceded by a parhelion which Edward, Earl of March, future Edward IV, described a representing the three 'sons' of York: Edward, George an Richard. Edward subsequently took the Sun in Splendour as his emblem.
Yorkist Edward, Earl of March, future King Edward IV.
Lancastrian Sir Owen Tudor, paternal grand-father of Henry VII (disregarding stories of infidelity) killed.
Lancastrian Jasper Tudor, paternal uncle of Henry VII fought.
17 February 1461 Second Battle of St Albans
Lancastrian Sir John Grey of Groby (Elizabeth Woodville's first husband) killed.
Lancastrian Henry VI released
04 March 1461 Richard "The Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick declares Edward, Duke of York, as King Edward IV.
29 March 1461 Battle of Towton.
After 29 Mar 1461 Returned to England.
28 June 1461 Attended coronation of his older brother Edward IV.
01 November 1461 Granted the Earldom of Gloucester.
01 May 1464 King Edward IV secretly marries Elizabeth Woodville.
October 1464 King Edward IV's marriage becomes extant.
11 July 1469 George of Clarence, elder brother, marries Isabel Neville, daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, in Calais.
26 July 1469 Battle of Edgecote Moor
King Edward IV captured by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
17 October 1469 Appointed Constable of England.
17 April 1470 Isabel Neville, wife of George of Clarence, gives birth to a stillborn child on a ship off Calais.
03 October 1470 Readeption of Henry VI.
20 October 1470 Fled from Kings Lynn to Burgundy.
13 December 1470 Anne Neville marries Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VI at Angers Cathedral.
KNIGHT
11 March 1471 Departed Flushing for England.
14 March 1471 Ran ashore at Holderness.
After 14 Mar 1471 Refused entry to Hull.
After 14 Mar 1471 Entered York.
14 Apr 1471 Battle of Barnet
Richard leads the right flank.
Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, killed.
Thomas Howard wounded.
04 May 1471 Battle of Tewkesbury
Richard III fought.
Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VI killed.
14 May 1471 Edward IV attacked the south of London.
15 May 1471 Edward IV attacked Aldgate and Bishopsgate, London.
18 May 1471 Appointed Great Chamberlain and Lord High Admiral of England.
21 May 1471 Edward IV passed through London in triumph.
21 May 1471 King Henry VI dies in the Tower of London, at the hands of or by the order of Richard of Gloucester according to several contemporary accounts
12 Jul 1472 Married Anne Neville, daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, in the chapel of St Stephen in Westminster Palace.
04 August 1473 Isabel Neville, wife of George of Clarence, gives birth to Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury at Fairleigh Hungerford Castle. Had issue. Executed 27 May 1541 by Henry VIII aged 67 at the Tower of London. Buried at Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London.
December 1473 Son, Edward of Middleham born at Middleham Castle, North Yorkshire.
25 February 1475 Edward Plantagenet born to Anne Neville and George of Clarence (Richard's elder brother) at Warwick. The last Plantagenet in the male line (if reports of infidelity are to be ignored). Imprisoned by King Henry VII after his usurpation of the throne at Bosworth. Executed 28 November 1499 as a result of his plot to escape with Perkin Walbeck who had previously claimed to be Richard of Shrewsbury, the younger of the Princes in the Tower. Perkin Walbeck was executed 23 November 1499 by hanging at Tyburn, London.
04 July 1475 Landed at Calais.
22 December 1476 Isabel Neville, wife of George of Clarence, daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, dies two months after giving birth to a short-lived son named Richard. Anne and her son are buried at Tewkesbury Abbey.
14 January 1478 Thomas Howard knighted.
18 February 1478 George of Clarence, elder brother, privately executed for treason by, reportedly, being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine in the Bowyer Tower, Tower of London.
08 January 1483 Francis Lovell created 1st Viscount Lovell.
09 April 1483 King Edward IV (Richard III's eldest brother) dies.
ACCESSION
29 April 1483 Meets the Dowager Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville's brother Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers at Northampton while he was escorting the uncrowned King Edward V at the Dowager Queen Consort's request to London with an armed escort of 2000 men.
30 April 1483 Dowager Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville seeks sanctuary with her family at Westminster Abbey.
04 May 1483 Entered London with the young, uncrowned, King Edward V.
16 June 1483 Dowager Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville agrees to hand over her the younger prince to the Archbishop of Canterbury so that he might attend his brother Edward's coronation, still planned for 22 June.
13 June 1483 Accused Edward IV's lifelong friend William Hastings and others of having conspired against him with the Woodvilles, with Jane Shore, lover to both William Hastings and Thomas Grey, acting as a go-between.
13 June 1483 Richard III executes William Hastings.
13 June 1483 Thomas Stanley imprisoned.
June 1483 Thomas Stanley appointed Knight of the Garter.
22 June 1483 A sermon was preached outside Old St. Paul's Cathedral declaring Edward's children bastards and Richard the rightful king.
25 June 1483 An assembly of Parliament declared Richard III to be the legitimate king
25 June 1483 Pontefract Castle
Executed Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers.
Executed Richard Grey (step-son of Edward IV, son of Elizabeth Woodville by her previous marriage to Sir John Grey of Groby).
26 June 1483 Accepted the citizens of London's request for him to become King.
28 June 1483 Thomas Howard created 2nd Duke of Norfolk.
06 July 1483 Crowned King Richard III at Westminster Abbey.
Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk bore the Sword of State.
Francis Lovell, 1st Viscount Lovell, bore the Third Sword of State.
Thomas Stanley bore the Mace.
Margaret Beaufort carried the Queen Consort's train.
Summer 1483 Last sightings of the Princes in the Tower.
08 September 1483 Edward of Middleham, son, created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in a splendid ceremony in York Minster.
02 November 1483 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham executed for treason, beheaded Salisbury market-place.
09 April 1484 Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales, dies.
06 July 1484 Richard's title to the throne confirmed by Titulus Regius.
16 March 1485 Anne Neville, Queen Consort, dies.
DEATH
22 Aug 1485 Fought and died Battle of Bosworth.
Lancastrian Henry VII victorious.
Yorkist Richard III killed.
After 22 Aug 1485 Richard III buried Greyfriars Church, Leicester.
22 Mar 2015 Richard III buried Leicester Cathedral.