Twenty Trees

Church Street, Hayfield

23 February 2017 - Howard Family

08 February 2017 - Plantagenet Succession

There was, however, a legitmised line that descended from Henry Beaufort, himself from a legitmised line through John of Gaunt. Charles Somerset's descendents provide the male line from Geoffrey of Anjou to the present day Duke of Beaufort.

The family tree shows the male line only to show the succession. Those who died young are not shown for simplicity.

30 January 2017 - Edmund and Jasper Tudor

Here I may be guilty of a heinous crime against history insofar as it's all imagination rather than facts. My bad. I should be doing my accounts but history always takes precedence.

My meanderings through history have most recently visited Fotheringhay and Peterborough. There is something beautiful in pomegranates being laid at Catherine of Aragon's grave. Mary Queen of Scot's tomb opposite, across the quire, more sombre; its own pilgrims. Fotheringhay's fossilised fetterlocks.

28 November 2016 - Edward IV's Illegitimacy

Came across the idea that Edward IV was illegitimate whilst developing my Richard III 'timeline'. Fascinating. Appears to have developed from a Tony Robinson programme in 2004 that discovered Rouen Cathedral's prayers for Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, whilst he was away fighting at Pontoise, capital of the Vexin, at the very time his son Edward, future King Edward IV, was conceived.

The argument being that if Richard was away for the weeks described by the prayers how could he and she have conceived.

The argument emboldened by subsequent claims by his rebellious elder brother George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, that he was the son of an archer named Braybourne, repeated by Warwick the Kingmaker.

16 October 2016 - Monument to William of Hatfield, York Minster

William of Hatfield, born Hatfield, Yorkshire (not Hatfield, Hertfordshire as a number of references have it), second son of King Edward III of England and his queen Philippa of Hainault 16 February 1337, and died not long after. Buried in York Minster.

The arms on the left, his mother's, black and red lions quartered are those of Hainault. Those on the right, his father's, France and England quartered.

02 October 2016 - Writing about history

I've been reading a lot recently it having been the holiday season. Three trips to France have inspired me to pursue those interests that were deferred many years ago when the children were born. That's not to say they didn't spend a significant amount of their childhood at cathedrals, castles, barrows and henges. But now they have there own lives I can pursue my interests a little more seriously.

Some of the writing frustrates me. There are some of the things that I believe should be avoided. If you find any in my writing let me know. I'm fairly new to this and don't have an editor.

02 October 2016 - Emperors and Empresses, Kings and Queens, Princes and Princesses, etc.

A note on the Lords Temporal and Lords Spiritual of the peerage.

Equivalent to a Pope, perhaps higher. The Holy Roman Empire avoided the use of the title King as a result of it being descended from the Roman Empire which abhorred the use of the word King after they formed the republic.

22 September 2016 - Domfront Castle

Domfront Castle superbly situated on a crag overlooking the river Varenne. A marcher castle, on the border of Normandy and Maine, and the border of Normandy and Brittany.

In 1162 Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Henry II, King of England and Duke of Normandy, gave birth to her daughter Eleanor at Domfront. She married Alfonso VIII of Castile, their issue included four queens and one king:

25 August 2016 - Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick (again - see here)

Richard Beauchamp's Coat of Arms:

In 1966 Guy Silk (FRIBA) recorded the "Weepers" aka Mourners described on Richard Beauchamp's tomb in the Beauchamp Chapel of the Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick where I purchased a copy for the princely sum of 40 pence. It is a fascinating list of the great and the good in 1439, most of whom were subsequently to become protagonists in the Wars of the Roses, as described below, with Richard's issue first in chronological order, with their husbands, followed by others:

11 August 2016 - Jacquetta of Luxembourg

Jacquetta married, firstly, on 22 April 1433, aged 17, John of Lancaster, the Duke of Bedford, forty three, third son of Henry IV, in Thérouanne, in the Pas-de-Calais. At the time Thérouanne had the largest cathedral in Europe.

10 August 2016 - Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster

Sad to see the passing of his Grace Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, yesterday. He contributed his time to doing good, died too young at 64. Grosvenor apparently means 'Great Hunter'.

His passing raises two questions:

05 August 2016 - Warwick's Wars of the Roses

They weren't the 'Wars of the Roses'. They were a brutal internecine struggle for power. 'War of the Roses' a pretty term invented by Walter Scott in the nineteenth century. A hundred thousand or so people died as a result of Warwick's, and other's, vanity.

The wars ended in Aug 1485 at Bosworth where Henry Tudor, Lancastrian, won the field against King Richard III, York, who died. There were, of course, consequences: exiles, executions, attainders and the like thereafter, but, broadly, Bosworth was the end of the Plantagenets and the start of the Tudors.