Biography of Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1418 Siege of Rouen

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

1428 Parliament Passes a Bill to Prevent Catherine of Valois Marrying

1430 Birth of Edmund Tudor

1431 Siege of Louviers

1437 Assassination of King James I of Scotland

1444 Treaty of Tours

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1448 Warwick "Kingmaker" Becomes Earl of Warwick

1453 Birth of Edward of Westminster

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1458 Loveday

1464 Battle of Hexham

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) ...

His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [his aunt] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.

His nephew [his uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.

His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42). Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.

His illegitimate first cousin [his father] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. [his aunt] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

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On 27 Nov 1397 [his father] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married. They were half third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Somerset.

In 1406 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 was born to [his father] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (33) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (21). He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

On 16 Mar 1410 [his father] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower Tower Hill. He was buried at St Michael's Chapel. His son Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (9) succeeded 2nd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

In Nov 1411 [his step-father] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (26) were married. They were first cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Siege of Rouen

On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (33) fought. John Blount 1388-1418 (30) died. William Harrington 1373-1440 (45), the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.

Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (40) fought.

[his brother] Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (17) was killed. His brother John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (15) succeeded 3rd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Around 1420 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (6) and [his sister] Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (11) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

On 12 Feb 1424 King James I of Scotland 1394-1437 (29) and [his sister] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (20) were married at Southwark Cathedral. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his sister] She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 06 Sep 1425 John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (42) and [his future sister-in-law] Margaret Beauchamp Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1404-1468 (21) were married. They were second cousins twice removed. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his future sister-in-law] She by marriage Baroness Strange Blackmere, Baron Talbot 1C 1331.

Before 09 Sep 1427 Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 and [his future wife] Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his future wife] She by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley.

Parliament Passes a Bill to Prevent Catherine of Valois Marrying

In 1428 Parliament Passes a Bill to Prevent Catherine of Valois Marrying without the consent of the King. The Bill appears to be in response to rumours that Catherine of Valois (26) and Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (22) were having an affair, and were planning to marry.

Birth of Edmund Tudor

On 11 Jun 1430 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and Catherine of Valois (28) at Much Hadham Palace Much Hadham (which belonged to the Bishops of London). There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (24) with whom Catherine of Valois (28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen. Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced. Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure'.

On 18 Aug 1430 Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (22) died. His son [his future step-son] Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (2) succeeded 9th Baron Ros Helmsley.

Siege of Louviers

On 03 Oct 1431 [his brother] Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (26) was killed at Louviers, Eure, Haute Normandie during the Siege of Louviers.

Around 1432 [his daughter] Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (26) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (23). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1433 [his daughter] Joan Beaufort Baroness Howth 1433-1518 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (27) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (24). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 24 Mar 1433 [his daughter] Anne Beaufort 1433-1496 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (27) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (24). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1434 [his future brother-in-law] Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (8) and Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (10) were married at Titchfield Abbey. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

IN 1434 Thomas Boleyn 1400-1472 (34) is titled Magister in the commission for him to attend the Council of Basle in 1434 upon the King's affairs in the suite of Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (28).

Around 1435 [his niece] Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France 1424-1445 (10) was created Dauphin.

In 1435 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (29) and [his wife] Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (26) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1436 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (7) and [his sister-in-law] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (9) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. His sister Cecily had previously married her brother Henry.

Chronicle of Gregory 1436. 1436. And that same yere the Mayre of London sende, by the goode a-vyse and consent of craftys, sent sowdyers to Calys, for hyt was sayde that the Duke of Burgone (39) lay sege unto Calis. And soo he dyd sone aftyr, as ye shalle hyre here after. And at the Parlyment be-fore hyt was ordaynyde that the Duke of Yorke (24) shulde in to Fraunce with certayne lordys with hym in stede of the Eegaunt. And whythe hym went the Erle of Salysbury (36). Ande the Erle of Mortayne (30) wente to Calys sone aftyr Estyr.

And the xiiij day aftyr he made a roode in to Flaunders, and he slowe and toke xv c [1500] of Flemmyngys, and many bestys; the nombyr ys more thenne I canne certaynely reherse. And a-non aftyr the Duke of Burgone (39) layde hys sege unto Calys whythe a stronge ordynaunce and a myghty, with xl M [40000] men and moo. And they made grete bulworkys, and grete bastylys, and stronge forty fycacy on.

In 1436 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (30) was appointed 150th Knight of the Garter by King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (14).

On 26 Jan 1436 [his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (30) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (27). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 25 Jun 1436 Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (12) and [his niece] Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France 1424-1445 (11) were married at Tours Castle. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. They had met the day before. [his niece] She by marriage Dauphin.

Chronicle of Gregory 1436. 12 Jul 1436. Ande xij day of Juylle the Erie of Mortayne (30), the Lorde Camyse, whythe othyr moo knyghtes and squyers went owte whythe a goodely mayny unto the Bastyle, and wanne hyt manfully, and sette hyt a fyre; and in that same Bastyle was v. C. [500] men of armys, of the whyche v. c. [500] schapyd not a way the nombyr of xij [12] men, as letters made mencyon that were sente into Ingelonde. Ande a-non the Duke of Burgone (39) with alle hys oste fledde cowardely; and he lefte the moste parte of hys stoffe and ordynance be hynde, for he hadde haste in hys fleynge; for there were lefte many grete gonnys, and many of othyr ordynaunce, why the moche vytayle of flesehe, flowre, wyne, bere, and a grete nomber of barellys whythe botyr, &c.

Around 1437 [his daughter] Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (31) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (28). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Assassination of King James I of Scotland

On 21 Feb 1437 King James I of Scotland 1394-1437 (42) was assassinated at Blackfriars. He was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth. His son [his nephew] King James II of Scotland 1430-1460 (6) succeeded II King Scotland: Stewart. His wife, Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (33), managed to escape.

In 1438 Thomas Boleyn 1400-1472 (38) was appointed Rector of Hackford next Reepham by Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (32).

Chronicle of Gregory 1438. 1438. Ande the same yere the Erle of Mortayne (32) was made Erle of Dorsette, and he was sentte unto Anjoye and Mayne.

In 1439 [his brother] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (36) and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (29) were married. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Somerset.

In 1439 [his son] Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (33) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (30). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 30 Apr 1439 [his father-in-law] Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (57) died at Rouen. He was buried at St Mary's Church Warwick. His son Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (14) succeeded 14th Earl Warwick 1C 1088, 6th Baron Burghesh 2C 1330. Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (15) by marriage Countess Warwick.

Before 21 Sep 1439 James "Black Knight of Lorn" Stewart 1394-1451 and [his sister] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 were married. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 31 Dec 1439 [his mother] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (54) died.

In 1441 [his son] John Beaufort 1441-1471 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (35) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (32). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

In 1442 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (36) was created 1st Marquess Dorset 2C 1442, 1st Earl Dorset 3C 1438. [his wife] Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (33) by marriage Marchioness Dorset.

In 1442 [his son] Thomas Beaufort 1442-1463 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (36) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (33). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

In 1442 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (36) was created 1st Earl Dorset 3C 1438. [his wife] Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (33) by marriage Countess Dorset.

In 1443 [his daughter] Elizabeth Beaufort 1443-1471 was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (37) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (34). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 28 Aug 1443 [his brother] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (40) was created 1st Duke Somerset 1C 1443, 1st Earl Kendal 2C 1443 by King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (21). Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (33) by marriage Duchess Somerset.

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (22) and Margaret of Anjou (14) in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk (47). The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (38) who was its Governor. He, Somerset (38), was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset (38) and Richard Duke of York (32) who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

On 30 May 1444 [his brother] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (41) committed suicide. Suicide not certain but likely. Duke Somerset 1C 1443 extinct. His brother Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (38) succeeded 4th Earl Somerset 2C 1397. Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (35) by marriage Countess Somerset.

His only child [his niece] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 aged one was his heir. King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (22) granted her wardship to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) who married her to his son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1).

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 14 Apr 1445 [his brother-in-law] Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (20) was created 1st Duke Warwick by his third cousin King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (23). Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (21) by marriage Duchess Warwick.

On 15 Jul 1445 [his sister] Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (41) died at Dunbar Castle, Dunbar. She was buried at Perth Charterhouse.

On 16 Aug 1445 [his niece] Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France 1424-1445 (20) died at Châlons-en-Champagne. She was buried at the Church of Saint-Laon Thouars.

On 11 Jun 1446 [his brother-in-law] Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (21) died. His daughter Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (3) succeeded 15th Earl Warwick 1C 1088, 7th Baron Burghesh 2C 1330. She was buried at Reading Abbey.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 [his step-uncle] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).

On 23 Feb 1447 [his step-uncle] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Alban's Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

Warwick "Kingmaker" Becomes Earl of Warwick

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44).

After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunts, and her full aunt, the courts decided her full aunt [his sister-in-law] Anne Beauchamp (21) should succeed. [his sister-in-law] Anne Beauchamp (21) succeeded 16th Countess Warwick. Her husband Richard Neville (19) by marriage 16th Earl Warwick 1C 1088; the first step on his journey to becoming Kingmaker.

The decision of the court was not subscribed to by Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (42) who was married to [his sister-in-law] Anne's (21) half-sister [his wife] Eleanor (39); he wanted his share of the considerable Beauchamp inheritance.

On 31 Mar 1448 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (42) was created 1st Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He is frequently referred to as the 2nd Duke Somerset since his brother [his brother] John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (45) was the 1st Duke Somerset of the first creation. Edmund didn't inherit the Dukedom from his brother; it was a new creation. His did inherit the Earldom.

In 1449 [his sister] Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon 1409-1449 (40) died.

On 12 Feb 1449 Sigismund Habsburg 4th Duke Austria 1427-1496 (21) and [his niece] Eleanor Stewart Duchess Austria 1433-1480 (16) were married at Merano. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his niece] She by marriage Duchess Austria.

On 03 Jul 1449 [his nephew] King James II of Scotland 1430-1460 (18) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (15) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England.

Around Jan 1450 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) and [his niece] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) were married. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. The date subject to debate. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first; as confirmed by her 1472 will.

In Oct 1453 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was imprisoned by Richard 3rd Duke York (42) at Tower of London.

Birth of Edward of Westminster

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI (31) and Margaret of Anjou (23) at Westminster Palace. When King Henry (31) recovered from his catatonic state in Jan 1455, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since King Henry (31) and Queen Margaret (23) had been married for eight years before the birth. Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was suggested at the time.

Before 1455 [his step-son] Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 and Philippa Tiptoft Baroness Ros Helmsley 1423-1487 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley.

After 1455 [his son-in-law] Richard Darell 1429-1489 and Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was appointed Captain Calais.

In Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was released by King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (33).

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (26), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).

The Lancastrians ...

Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son [his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Somerset 2C 1448. Note his father is frequently incorrectly referred to as the second Duke and Henry as the third Duke. His father's Dukedom, however, was a new creation.

Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 6th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 14th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1434-1493 (21) by marriage Baroness Clifford.

William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.

King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.

[his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

Richard Cotton of Hampstall Ridware 1404-1455 (51) and his son William Cotton of Connington in Huntingdonshire 1428-1455 (27) were killed.

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Loveday

Chronicle of Gregory 1458. 24 Mar 1458. Ande thys same yere at Covyntre there was made a pesse [Note. peace] by-twyne the [his son] Duke of Somersett Harry (22), and the Earl of Saulysbury (58), and the Erle of Warwycke (29), for the dethe of hys fadyr Duke of Somersette (52), that the Duke of Yorke (46) put to dethe at Synt Albonys. And thys tretys was made at Covyntre, in the holy tyme of Lentyn, by the mene of Kyng Harry the VI. And alle that holy tyme of Lentyn there myght noo mane man that shulde preche by-fore the kynge, but that he shulde shewe hys sarmon in wrytyng, were he docter or other, in so moche the lordys woldys A B C wolde assygne what he schulde say, as for any thynge that longyd unto the comyn wele, and yf he passyd hyr commaundement he schulde lese hys costys, and goo as he come, withowte mete and drynge. But a becheler of holy devynyte come to that cytte, and whenn he come to preche byfore the kyng, as Maystyr Wylliam Saye, Dene of Poulys and Dene of the kyngys chapylle, hadde desyryd and asygnyd, ABC axyd hys name, and hys name was Mayster Wylliam Ive, at that tyme beyng at Wynchester in Wycham ys college. And ABC sayde that they moste nedys se hys sarmon and hys purposse, that he was a vysyd to say by-fore the kynge the Sonday nexte comynge. And he fulle goodly toke them hys papyr; and they seyng and redynge hys papyr, commaundyd to leve owte and put a way many troughtys. But that same Mayster Wylliam Ive sayde but lytylle, but whenn he come to pulpyt he sparyd not to sayd the troughthe, and reportyd by-fore the kyng that ABC made the sarmonys that were sayde fore, and not thoo that prechyd, and that causyd that ]?e men that prechyd hadde but sympylle sarmons, for hyr purposse was alle turnyde upsodowne 3 and that they hadde made love days as Judas made whythe a cosse b with Cryste for they cyste ovyr the mane. The grete rewarde that he hadde for hys labyr was the rydyng of viij xx myle yn and owte for hys travayle, and alle hys frendys fulle sory for hym. But qui veritatem dicit caput fractum kabebit, &c. And that same yere alle thes lordys departyd from the Parlyment, but they come nevyr alle togedyr after that tyme to noo Parlyment nor conselle, but yf hyt were in fylde with spere and schylde.

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Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by [his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham.

Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36).

[his son] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle. His brother [his son] Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (25) succeeded 4th Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He Edmund is frequently referred as the 4th Duke. His father's (58) Dukedom was, however, a new creation.

Philip Wentworth 1424-1464 (40) was executed at Middleham.

On 06 Mar 1468 [his wife] Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (59) died at Baynard's Castle.

[his daughter] Mary Beaufort was born to Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Francis Montfort I Duke Brittany 1414-1450 and [his niece] Isabella Stewart Duchess Brittany 1426-1494 were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his niece] She by marriage Duchess Brittany.