Biography of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1328 Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

1344 Creation of the Order of the Garter

1346 Battle of Crécy

1347 Tournament at Lichfield

1350 Battle of Winchelsea

1356 Battle of Poitiers

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1360 Black Monday Hailstorm

1360 Release of King John II of France

1360 Treaty of Brétigny

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1367 Battle of Nájera

1376 Creation of Garter Knights

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1612 Death of Prince Frederick

Abdication of Edward II

On 25 Jan 1327 [his grandfather] King Edward II of England (42) abdicated II King England. His son King Edward III England (14) succeeded III King England.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 [his father] King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault (13) were married at York Minster. They were second cousins. He a son of King Edward II of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1330 Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 was born to John Brocas of Clewer in Berkshire. He grew up with the Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 at Windsor Castle.

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 was born to [his father] King Edward III England (17) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (15) at Woodstock Palace.

On 17 Mar 1337 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (6) was appointed Duke Cornwall.

Around Mar 1340 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) and [his future wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (11) were married in secret He a great x 4 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. It isn't clear whether the marriage was canonical given the secrecy; there were no witnesses. She twelve years old. A subsequent investigation by papal commissioners confirmed it as valid.

Around Nov 1340 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (12) and [his future wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (12) were married. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She was already married albeit secretly to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26). The subsequent investigation found her marriage to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) to be valid.

In 1342 [his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

Creation of the Order of the Garter

On 23 Apr 1344 [his father] King Edward III England (31) created the Order of the Garter. The date nominal as there are different accounts; some sources say 1348.

1 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376

2 Henry of Grosmont.

3 Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386.

4 Jean Grailly 1331-1376.

5 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372.

6 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397.

7 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl Dunbar aka March 1328-1360.

8 John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355.

9 Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369.

10 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360.

11 John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375.

12 Hugh Courtenay -1348.

13 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360.

14 John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Rotherfield 1300-1359.

15 Richard Fitzsimon -1349.

16 Miles Stapleton 1320-1364.

17 Thomas Wale 1303-1352.

18 Hugh Wrottesley 1333-1381.

19 Neil Loring 1320-1386.

20 John Chandos 1320-1369.

21 James Audley 1318-1369.

22 Otho Holland 1316-1359.

23 Henry Eam -1359.

24 Sanchet Abrichecourt 1330-1360.

25 Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375.

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Battle of Crécy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of [his father] King Edward III England (33) defeated the French army at the Battle of Crécy. The English army was commanded by [his father] King Edward III England (33), his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (16), Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (33), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (30).

The English army was included: Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 (16), Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (16), James Audley 1318-1369 (28), Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349, Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355 (59), Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (18), Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (51), John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347 (66), Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (37), Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton 1327-1403 (19), William Scrope 1325-1367 (21), Stephen Scrope 1325- (21), William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (16), John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28), Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (42), Nicholas Longford 1285-1356 (61), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (27), Michael Poynings 1st Baron Poynings 1318-1369 (28), Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (48), John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (34), Thomas West 1312-1386 (34), John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1303-1349 (43), John Wingfield 1320-1361 (26), Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368 (25), Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376 (37), John Devereux 1302-1346 (44), Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369 (26), Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (26) and John Sully 1283-1388 (63).

The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (52) was wounded. William de Coucy 1286-1335 (60) and his son Enguerrand 6th Lord de Coucy 1313-1346 (33) and were killed.

Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (49) was killed. His son Charles Valois Archbishop Lyons 1337-1375 (9) succeeded Count Alençon.

Louis Chatillon II Count Blois I Count Chatillon -1346 was killed. His son Louis Chatillon III Count Blois Count Soissons -1372 succeeded III Count Blois.

Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers I Count Flanders 1304-1346 (42) was killed. His son Louis Dampierre III Count Nevers II Count Flanders 1330-1384 (15) succeeded III Count Nevers, II Count Flanders.

John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 (50) was killed. His son Charles IV King Bohemia Holy Roman Emperor Luxemburg 1316-1378 (30) succeeded IV King Bohemia.

Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 (26) was killed. His son John Metz I Duke Lorraine 1346-1390 succeeded I Duke Lorraine.

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Tournament at Lichfield

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (16) attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28), Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay -1348 ) and Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (38) took part in the Tournament.

Around 1350 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (10) was raised with Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (19).

Battle of Winchelsea

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English [his father] King Edward III England (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (20), James Audley 1318-1369 (32), Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (37), Henry of Grosmont (40) and John Sully 1283-1388 (67) fought.

In 1352 [his brother] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) and Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (19) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. [his brother] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (13) by marriage 4th Earl Ulster. She was the sole heir of her father and brought the de Burgh inheritance of the lands of Ulster to the marriage. As a consequence of their earlier betrothal he had been called Earl Ulster since 1347.

On 26 Dec 1352 John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent 1330-1352 (22) died. He was buried at Greyfriars Church Winchester. His sister [his future wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (24) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 5C 1321, 5th Baron Wake Liddell.

On 16 Aug 1355 [his niece] Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 was born to Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (16) and Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (23) at Eltham Palace. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. At the time of her birth she was Heir to the Throne of England since her uncle Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (25) was yet to be married.

Battle of Poitiers

On 19 Sep 1356 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (26) defeated the French and Scottish army led by John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) at the Battle of Poitiers.!John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) was captured by three captains including Ivon aka John Fane.

The the English army included: Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 (26), Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (26), James Audley 1318-1369 (38), Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (43), Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (28), Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (61), Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 (21), Ralph Ferrers 1329-1392 (27), William Scrope 1325-1367 (31), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (28), Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (37), Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (58), William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (18), John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (44), John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1323-1372 (33), Thomas Arderne 1337-1391 (19), Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369 (36), Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (36), Jean Grailly 1331-1376 (25), Robert de Fouleshurst 1330-1389 (26) and John Sully 1283-1388 (73)

John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (31) probably fought having received letters of protection to travel overseas.

Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (53) protected the baggage train.

The French and Scottish army included: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37), Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (14), Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (12), Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas 1329-1400 (26), [his uncle] John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu 1321-1387 (35); all captured.

Guichard d'Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 and William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas 1323-1384 (33) fought.

Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 (45) was killed. His son Louis Bourbon II Duke Bourbon 1337-1410 (19) succeeded II Duke Bourbon.

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In 1359 Richard Adderbury of Donnington Casatle 1331-1399 (28) was knighted by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (28).

Double Royal Wedding

In May 1359 [his father] King Edward III England (46) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (28) took part in a tournament in London. For the amusement of the citizens both Edwards and their friends dressed as the mayor and aldermen of London. The tournament possibly in celebration of the two Royal marriages of his children John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) on 19 May 1359.

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of [his father] King Edward III England (46) were married:

[his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Richmond.

John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and [his sister] Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a daughter of King Edward III England. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of [his father] King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

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Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of [his father] King Edward III England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (50), Henry of Grosmont (50), Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. [his father] King Edward III England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Brétigny.

On 28 Apr 1360 Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

Release of King John II of France

Around 30 Jun 1360 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) left the Tower of London and proceeded to Eltham Palace where [his mother] Queen Philippa (46) had prepared a great farewell entertainment. Passing the night at Dartford, he continued towards Dover, stopping at the Maison Dieu of St Mary at Ospringe, and paying homage at the shrine of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury on 04 Jul 1360. He dined with the Black Prince (30) at Dover Castle, and reached English-held Calais on 08 Jul 1360.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 24 Oct 1360, three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, [his father] King Edward III England (47) and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41), and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (30) and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380 (22), ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) were given as hostages.

Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (18) was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by [his father] King Edward III England (47) including Aquitaine.

John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (40) was present.

On 26 Dec 1360 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (46) died. His son [his future step-son] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (10) succeeded 2nd Earl Kent 6C 1360.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (31) and [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married at Windsor Castle. They were half first cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his wife] She by marriage Princess of Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

In 1362 [his brother] Edmund of Langley (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, [his father] King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...

[his brother] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

[his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 05 Sep 1363 Hugh Courtenay 1345-1374 (18) and [his step-daughter] Maud Holland 1359-1391 (4) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 27 Jan 1364 [his son] Edward Plantagenet 1364-1370 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (33) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (35) at Château d'Angoulême, Angoulême He a grandson of King Edward III England. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.42%.

On 27 Jul 1365 Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons 1340-1397 (25) and [his sister] Isabella Plantagenet Countess Bedford and Soissons 1332-1382 (33) were married at Windsor Castle. She a daughter of King Edward III England.

In May 1366 John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (27) and [his step-daughter] Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his step-daughter] She by marriage Duchess Brittany 1221 Dreux.

On 06 Jan 1367 [his son] King Richard II of England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (38) at Bordeaux. He a grandson of King Edward III England. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.42%. He became the Heir to the Throne of England.

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included [his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27), William Scrope 1325-1367 (42), Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21), John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (30), John Savile of Shelley and Golcar 1325-1399 (42), Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 (37) and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33).

The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47). The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.

John Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-1367 (36) was killed. His son Robert Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1358-1413 (9) succeeded 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley. Margaret Despencer Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1415 by marriage Baroness Ferrers Chartley.

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In Jun 1368 [his brother] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) and Violante Visconti 1354-1386 (14) were married in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore Milan. He a son of King Edward III England. The wedding festivities were lavish and ostentatious. The banquet, held outside, included 30 courses of meat and fish presented fully gilded. Between the courses the guests were given gifts such as suits of armor, bolts of cloth, war horses, arms, and hunting dogs. Among the guests were Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 (25), Petrarch, Jean Froissart and John Hawkwood.

On 07 Oct 1368 [his brother] Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) died from poisoning at Alba. Duke Clarence 1C 1362 extinct. There was strong speculation he had been poisoned by his wife's (14) father (48). He was buried at Clare Priory. His daughter Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Ulster.

On 15 Aug 1369 [his mother] Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (55) died at Windsor Castle. She was given a state funeral six months later on 09 Jan 1370 at which she was interred at on the northeast side of the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor at Westminster Abbey. Her alabaster effigy was executed by sculptor Jean de Liège.

On 24 Aug 1369 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) and [his niece] Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (14) were married at Reading Abbey. They were fourth cousins. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his niece] She by marriage Countess March. Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) by marriage 5th Earl Ulster.

Before 13 Oct 1370 [his step-son] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 were married. They were third cousins. He a great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Kent.

On 21 Sep 1371 [his brother] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Lancaster. His younger brother Edmund of Langley (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

On 11 Jul 1372 [his brother] Edmund of Langley (31) and Isabella of Castile (17) were married at Wallingford. He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Cambridge. She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

In 1374 [his brother] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (18) and Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (8) were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1376 [his brother] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (20) was created 1st Earl Essex 4C 1376. Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (10) by marriage Countess Essex.

1376 Creation of Garter Knights

On 23 Apr 1376 [his father] King Edward III England (63) created a number of new Garter Knights ...

54th John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (37).

55th Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (42).

56th William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (37).

57th Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (40).

58th [his step-son] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (26). He the son of Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (47) whose second husband was Edward III's son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (45).

59th Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (33) was appointed 59th. He the son of Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy 1320-1362 (56) daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (95) who was the first cousin of Edward III's father [his grandfather] King Edward II of England (91).

60th William Beauchamp 1st Baron Bergavenny 1343-1411 (33).

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Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral. His son [his son] Richard (9) succeeded King England. His niece Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (20) succeeded Heir to the Throne of England.

On 07 Aug 1385 [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (56) died at Wallingford Castle. She was buried at Stamford.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 2 Richard II Chapter 92. 1397. News of this event was sooner known in France and Flanders than in England. The French rejoiced much at it; for it was commonly reported that there would never be any solid peace between France and England as long as the [his brother] duke of Gloucester (41) lived; and it was well remembered, that in the negotiations for peace he was more obstinate in his opinions than either of his brothers; and, for this reason, his death was no loss to France. In like manner, many knights and squires of the king of England's household, who were afraid of him, for his severe and rough manners, were pleased at his death. They recounted how he had driven the duke of Ireland (34) to banishment, and had ignominiously beheaded that prudent and gallant knight sir Simon Burley (57), who had been so much beloved by the prince of Wales (66), and had done essential services to his country. The deaths of sir Robert Trevilian, sir Nicholas Bramber, sir John Standwich, and others, were not forgotten, so that the [his brother] duke of Gloucester (41) was but little lamented in England, except by those who were of his party and manner of thinking.

Death of Prince Frederick

On 06 Nov 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales 1594-1612 (18) died. The death of the heir to the throne significant; compare William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince of Wales 1330-1376, Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502, Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751, perhaps Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484.

Before 1619 Robert After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612. Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502. In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751. In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.