Biography of Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1385 Richard II Creates his Two Uncles as Dukes

1392 Death of Isabella of Castile

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1398 Thomas Mowbray Duel

1399 Richard II's Last Will

1399 Epiphany Rising

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1415 Southampton Plot

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1476 Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

In 1362 [his father] Edmund of Langley (20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 2C 1362.

On 11 Jul 1372 [his father] Edmund of Langley (31) and [his mother] Isabella of Castile (17) were married at Wallingford. He a son of King Edward III England. [his mother] She by marriage Countess Cambridge. She being the younger sister of [his aunt] Constance of Castile (18) who had married Edmund's older brother [his uncle] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was born to [his father] Edmund of Langley (31) and [his mother] Isabella of Castile (18) at King's Langley. He a grandson of King Edward III England.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard d'Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon 3C 1377.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham 1C 1377.
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.

Read More ...

Before 07 Nov 1379 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and [his sister] Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his sister] She by marriage Countess Gloucester.

In 1381 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (8) and [his wife] Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (8) were married. They were third cousins once removed. He a grandson of King Edward III England.

Richard II Creates his Two Uncles as Dukes

On 06 Aug 1385 [his father] Edmund of Langley (44) was created 1st Duke York 1C 1385 by his nephew Richard II King England 1367-1400 (18). [his mother] Isabella of Castile (30) by marriage Duchess York.In 1385 [his uncle] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (29) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385, and around the same time 1st Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (19) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale and Duke Gloucester 1C 1385.

After 07 Aug 1385 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 and [his future sister-in-law] Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury -1415 were married. [his future sister-in-law] She by marriage Countess Salisbury.

In May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (14) was appointed 76th Knight of the Garter by his first cousin Richard II King England 1367-1400 (20).

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (17) was created 1st Earl Rutland 1C 1390. [his wife] Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (17) by marriage Countess Rutland.

Death of Isabella of Castile

On 23 Dec 1392 [his mother] Isabella of Castile (37) died. She the wife of [his father] Edmund of Langley (51). Isabella had travelled to England with her sister [his aunt] Constance of Castile (38) who had married Edmund's elder brother [his uncle] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (52). Isabella and Edmund's marriage was not, apparently, a happy one. She is known to have had an affair with John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (40) who may have been the father of [his brother] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (7) progenitor of the House of York.

On 04 Nov 1393 [his father] Edmund of Langley (52) and [his step-mother] Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1434 (13) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his step-mother] She by marriage Duchess York.

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (21) was created 1st Earl Cork. [his wife] Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (21) by marriage Countess Cork.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 2 Richard II Chapter 92. 1397. The king (29) at this time resided at Eltham, whither he had summoned all his vassals and dependants. He had collected round London, in the counties of Kent and Essex, upwards of ten thousand archers, and had with him his [Note. maternal half-brother] brother sir John Holland (45), the earl marshal (28), the earl of Salisbury (47), with many other great barons and knights. The king (29) sent orders to the citizens of London not to admit the [his uncle] duke of Lancaster (56) within their walls; but they replied, they knew of no reason why they should refuse him admittance, and the duke resided there with his son the earl of Derby (29), as did the [his father] duke of York (55) with his son the earl of Rutland (24). The king loved the earl of Rutland (24) and the earl marshal (28) beyond measure: the first dissembled his opinions concerning the death of the [his uncle] duke of Gloucester (41), and would willingly have seen peace restored on both sides. He said, that his [his uncle] late uncle (41) had on several occasions treated the king (29) very unbecomingly. The Londoners considered, also, that great mischiefs might befal England from these dissensions between the king, his uncles, and their supporters; that, since the [his uncle] duke of Gloucester (41) was now dead, it could not be helped; and that he, in some measure, had been the cause of it, by his too great freedom of speech, and from his attempts to excite the people of England to break the truces that had been signed between France and England. The citizens, therefore, prudently dissembled their thoughts; and, as what was done could not now be undone, they feared, should matters be pushed to extremities, they might suffer very considerably in their commerce from th king of France.

Read More ...

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 2 Richard II Chapter 92. 1397. The late [his uncle] duke of Gloucester (41) was by inheritance constable of England; but the king (29) deprived his heir (16) of it, and gave it to his cousin the earl of Rutland (24). The king (29) now assumed a greater state than ever king of England had done before, nor had there been any one who had expended such large sums by one hundred thousand nobles. He also took the wardship of the heir (15) of Arundel (51), son to the late earl whom he had beheaded in London, as has been related, and forced him to live with him. And because one of the knights of the late duke of Gloucester, named Cerbec, had spoken too freely of the king and council, he was arrested and instantly beheaded. Sir John Lacquingay was likewise in some peril; but, when he saw the turn aflfairs had taken, he quitted the service of the duchess of Gloucester (31), and fixed his abode elsewhere. At this period there was no one, however great, in England, that dared speak his sentiments of what the king did or intended doing. He had formed a council of his own from the knights of his chamber, who encouraged him to act as they advised. The king had in his pay full two thousand archers, who were on guard day and night, for he did not think himself perfectly safe from his uncles or the Arundel family.

Read More ...

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Of the appointment of the earl of Somerset. 32. The king (30) to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, ministers, and other his bailiffs and faithful men, greeting. Know that we, considering the strenuous probity and prudent mind, distinguished conduct and nobility of birth of our beloved and faithful kinsman John Beaufort (24), knight, son of our beloved uncle [his uncle] John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster (56), and willing therefore deservedly to exalt the same John Beaufort with the prerogative of honour, we do appoint and create John Beaufort earl of Somerset in our present parliament, and invest him with the style and name and honour of the aforesaid earl by girding him with the sword, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his aforesaid heirs, given such name and honour, may the better and more honourably support the burdens incumbent upon the same, of our special grace in our present parliament we have given and granted, and by this our charter confirmed, to the same earl and his aforesaid heirs twenty pounds to be received each year from the issues of the aforesaid county by the hand of the sheriff of that county for the time being, at the terms of Easter and Michaelmas [29 September] in equal portions, in perpetuity. Witnessed by these, the venerable father Thomas archbishop of Canterbury (44) primate of all England, John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and [his father] Edmund of York (55), dukes; Robert of London, William of Winchester (77), John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor (53), bishops; Henry of Derby (29), Edward of Rutland (24), Thomas of Nottingham and marshal of England (28), earls; Reginald Grey (35), Ralph Neville (33), John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy (54), steward of our household, Guy Mone, keeper of our privy seal, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February in the twentieth year of our reign [10 Feb 1397].

Read More ...

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms possibly for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) ...
His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.
His nephew [his step-uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.
His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 probably for arranging the murder of [his uncle] Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42). Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.
His first cousin Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. [his wife] Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.
His illegitimate first cousin John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. [his step-aunt] Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset.
His Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland.

Read More ...

Thomas Mowbray Duel

On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between the future Henry IV (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30). the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and [his step-uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) managed the proceedings. Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it. After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.
See Froissart Book 2 Chapters 94 to 96.

Before 07 Oct 1398 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and [his wife] Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York 1367-1431 were married. He a grandson of King Edward III England.

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 2 Richard II Chapter 94. Before 19 Oct 1398. King Richard (31), notwithstanding he had suffered this challenge and appeal to arms to be made in his presence, was imcertain how to act, and whether to allow the combat to take place or not. And although he was the king of England the most feared of any who had worn the crown, he was guarded day and night by two thousand archers, who were regularly paid weekly, and had confidence only in his brother the earl of Huntingdon (46), and the earls of Salisbury (48) and Rutland (25), his cousin, who were highly in his favour. He paid no regard to others, except a few of the knights of his chamber, who were his advisers. When the day for the combat was approaching, and the two lords had made their preparations, waiting only for the king's commands, king Richard's secret advisers asked, " Sire, what is your intention respecting this combat between your two cousins, the earl of Derby (31) and the earl marshal (30)? Will you permit them to proceed?" " Yes," replied the king: "why not? I intend to be present myself and to see their prowess. We may perhaps learn, from the issue of this combat, what we are now ignorant of, although it may be very important for ns to know, that we may provide accordingly: for there is no one so great in England, but, if he anger me, he shall dearly pay for it. Should I allow myself to be any way governed by my subjects, they would soon overpower me; I know for certain that some of my kinsmen have held secret meetings respecting my government; but the most dangerous among them was the [his uncle] duke of Gloucester (43), for in all England there was none more wrong-headed. lie is now at peace, and henceforward we shall manage the rest well enough. But tell me, I pray you, why you ask the question?" " Sire," replied they, " we are bound to advise you to the best of our knowledge and abilities. We sometimes hear and observe what you cannot, for you are in your apartments, and we abroad in the fields, or in London, where many conversations are held that nearly touch you, as well as us. There is yet time to provide a remedy, and we earnestly advise you not to delay it." " What do you mean?" said the king: " speak out, and do not spare me; for I wish to act rightly, and to maintain justice in my kingdom." "Sire, the common report throughout England, but especially in London, is, that you are the cause of this combat, and that you have induced the earl marshal (30) to challenge the earl of Derby (31). The Londoners in general, and many of the prelates and nobles, say, that you are in the direct road to destroy all your kindred and kingdom, but that they will not suffer it to be done. Now, were the citizens to rise and be joined by the nobility, who could oppose them? You have no power but from your vassals; and they are now more suspicious of you than ever, from your marriage with a princess of France; and you are less beloved by your subjects on this account. Know, that if you allow these two earls to meet in arms, you will not be lord of the field, but the Londoners, united with the earl of Derby's (31) great connexions by blood, who are all much attached to him. The earl marshal (30) is become very unpopular, particularly with the citizens of London, who would willingly put him to death. Three parts of the people of England say, that when you heard the charge of the earl marshal (30), you should have acted otherwise than yon did, and checked the quarrel by telling them, "You are both my cousins and liege men, and I command that peace be henceforward between you;" and that you should have taken the earl of Derby (31) by the hand, and led him to your chamber with every token of affection. Because you did not this, the common report is, that you warmly take the part of the earl marshal (30) against the earl of Derby (31). Weigh well what we have said, for we have told you the truth, and you never had more occasion for good advice than at this moment."

Read More ...

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 2 Richard II Chapter 94. Before 19 Oct 1398. Soon afterward, the king (31) called to him his uncles [Note. [his uncle] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) and [his father] Edmund of Langley (57)], and demanded from them how he was to act on this occasion. " Sire, order your constable hither, and we will tell you." The earl of Rutland (25), constable of England, being sent for, came, and he was told, — " Constable go to the earl of Derby (31) and the earl marshal (30), and oblige them to promise not to quit the kingdom without the king's permission." The constable obeyed the order, and returned to the king's apartment. You may believe the whole court was greatly troubled by this event, and many barons and knights were much displeased, who blamed the earl marshal for his conduct; but what he had said he could not now retract, and he showed by his manners that he made light of it, so arrogant and swollen with pride was his heart. The lords now separated, each for his own home. The [his uncle] duke of Lancaster (58), in spite of appearances, was much vexed at what had passed, and his opinion was, that the king should not have listened to such a charge, but instantly have annihilated it; and in this he was joined by the more sensible barons of the country.

Read More ...

Richard II's Last Will

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew [his step-uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks ... we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew [his step-uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25).
Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop of Exeter 1344-1419 (55), Robert Tideman of Winchcombe, Thomas Merke Bishop of Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop of St David's -1407; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), our nephew [his step-uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop of Bath and Wells Bishop of Worcester Bishop of London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Painter Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors ...
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop of Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49), William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) our cousin.

Read More ...

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), [his step-uncle] Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales.
[his father] Edmund, duke of York.
Edward, earl of Rutland.
Thomas, earl of Arundel.
John, earl of Somerset.
Edmund, earl of Stafford.
Henry, earl of Northumberland.
Ralph, earl of Westmorland.
Thomas, earl of Worcester.
Michael, earl of Suffolk.
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor.
Thomas, Lord Berkeley.
John, Lord Charlton.
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin.
Thomas, Lord Camoys.
Thomas, Lord Furnivall.
Robert, Lord Scales.
John, Lord Beaumont.
William, Lord Willoughby.
Hugh, Lord Burnell.
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby.
William, Lord Bergavenny.
John, Lord Lovell.
Robert, Lord Harrington.
Richard Lescrope.

Read More ...

On 01 Aug 1402 [his father] Edmund of Langley (61) died at King's Langley. His son Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York 1C 1385, 2nd Earl Cambridge 2C 1362. [his wife] Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York 1367-1431 (35) by marriage Duchess York.

In May 1406 [his brother] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (20) and Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 (15) were married. They were first cousins twice removed. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.. The marriage apparently took place in secret possibly because she was a descendant of [his grandfather] King Edward III England (93) although she wasn't at the time Heir to the Throne of England although their issue would become so. She died five years later.

In 1408 [his wife] Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (35) died.

On 27 Jul 1411 Richard Beauchamp 1st Earl Worcester 1396-1422 (15) and [his niece] Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (11) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his niece] She by marriage Countess Worcester.

After 21 Sep 1411 [his brother] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 and Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 were married. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

After 21 Sep 1411 Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 died from childbirth. Her son [his nephew] Richard 3rd Duke York succeeded Heir to the Throne of England, 8th Earl Ulster.

On 18 Feb 1413 Thomas Grey 1404-1443 (9) and [his niece] Isabel York Countess Eu and Essex 1409-1484 (4) were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1414 [his brother] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (28) was created 1st Earl Cambridge 3C 1414. Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 (25) by marriage Countess Cambridge.

In 1414 [his nephew] Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh 1396-1414 (18) died. His sister [his niece] Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (13) succeeded 5th Baron Burghesh 2C 1330.

On 14 Jan 1415 [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury -1415 died in Salisbury.

Southampton Plot

On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) and [his brother] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were beheaded at the North Gate aka Bargate for their roles in the Southampton Plot.
[his nephew] Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 1377-1415 (38) were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Leigh 1389-1422 (26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.

The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais 1320- (95), Roger Vaughan 1345- (70) and his son Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (5). Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.

The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John of Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (60) were killed.
Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) was killed. Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.
Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis of Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Count of Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.
Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" 1366-1421 (49) was captured.
Georges de La Trémoille 1382-1446 (33) was captured.

Read More ...

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 25 Oct 1415. And the kyng (29) sawe he myght not passe whythe out batayle, and thenne he sayde unto hys lytylle mayne, "Serys and felowys, yendyr maynye wylle lette us of oure waye, and they wylle not come unto us. But nowe lette every man preve hym-selfe a goode man thys day and a-vance hys baner in the beste tyme of the day and yere." Ande the kyng (29) roode ande hys basnet in hys hede, and alle othyr men wente on hyr foote a-passe in hyr hoole araye and18 Englysche myle or that they assemblyde. And thorowe Goddys grace the kynge (29) made hys way thoroughe the thyckyste of alle the batayle; and ther was slayne on the kyngys syde the Duke of Yorke (42), the Erle Southeffolke (54), and ij knyghtys, and Davy Gam (35), and of the gentylle men no moo, and of alle maner of Englysche men hyt passyd not xxviij personys. And on the Fraynysche syde was slayne the Duke of Launsonne, the Duke of Barre (38), the Duke of Braban (31), ande vij erlys, and the Constabylle of Fraunce, and the Senschalle of Henowde, and the Mayster Alblester19, and many moo lordys, and knygtys and squyers v Ml and moo. And there was take the Duke of Orlyaunce (20), the Duke of Burbon (34), the Counte of Rychemounde, and the Counte of Ewe (21), [th]e Marchalle of Fraunsce, Syr Bursegaunte, and many moo othyr knyghtys and squyers. And whanne thys was done the kyng (29) bode alle nyghte in a vyllage faste be-syde ther that the batelle was done. And on the morowe he toke hys waye unto Calys whythe hys lordys and hys presoners, whythe hys owne mayne.

Read More ...

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

On 17 Jul 1431 [his wife] Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York 1367-1431 (64) died at Carisbrooke Castle. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas. Her nephew Richard Strange 3rd Baron Mohun Dunster 7th Baron Strange Knockin 1381-1449 (49) succeeded 3rd Baron Mohun Dunster as a result of her death bring the title out of abeyance.

After 18 Nov 1434. St Mary's Church Ewelme. Monument to Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 and Maud Burghesh 1379-1437.
The Arms in two rows left to right ...
Top Row 1 Beaufort 2 Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495; possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 who married Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431, impaled Neville 3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300 1338 impaled Neville 5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (again?) 6 Stafford impaled Neville 7 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Chaucer Modern.
Bottom Row 1 Beauchamp quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont -1262. Alice Beaumont -1262 inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick -1253 died. 2 Unknown impaled Beaufort 3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Mohun 4 Montacute and Monthermer quartered Neville 5 De La Pole quartered Chaucer Modern 6 Despencer impaled Chaucer Modern 7 Mohun impaled Chaucer Modern. John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 and [his former mother-in-law] Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster 1319-1404.

Read More ...

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father [his nephew] Richard of York (64) and and his younger brother Edmund (33) were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36).

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Opening of Parliament. 6. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from Gascony and from other lands and countries overseas, and from the Channel Islands:
The archbishop of York.
[his father] The duke of York.
The bishop of Ely.
The bishop of Chester.
The abbot of Waltham.
The earl of Rutland.
The earl marshal.
The earl of Northumberland.
Lord Despenser.
Lord Grey of Ruthin.
John Hull.
Hugh Huls.
John Markham.
- to act all together, or six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the Marcolf Chamber.
And those who wish to submit petitions should hand them in between now and next Friday evening [26 January 1397].

Read More ...

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The disclaimer of the commons touching the promise of the expedition of Lombardy. 9. Also, on the following Thursday, the commons came before the king and lords in parliament and explained to the king that although the archbishop of Canterbury and the earl of Rutland and the earl marshal had told them that the king had heard that there were some who intended to oppose the expedition of the said earls promised to his honourable compeer of France towards the parts of Lombardy, and had incited and procured the commons to request of the king our lord that the said expedition be prevented, and that he break the promise thereon made by him to his said compeer of France, the same commons excused themselves, for that neither they nor any one of them had ever had such purpose nor intent, nor had they spoken amongst themselves, nor had any others instructed them to make a request about nor to influence our lord the king contrary to the honourable promise aforesaid; but that they thanked him most wholeheartedly for the his honourable bearing, for the honour of himself and his kingdom, both in that matter and in others with his said compeer on his last expedition to France, as is well known to a great part of Christendom. And although the said lords in relating it explained to the said commons the gracious intent of our lord the king, that neither the commons nor the realm would be bound nor charged by virtue of that expedition; nevertheless the said commons prayed and protested that although the king of his own authority and will had granted such an expedition, that neither in this expedition nor in anything else which might arise in future, would they be a party, nor suffer loss, but be wholly excused. To which the king replied in his own words in full parliament, and said to the commons that they should not marvel at the said promise; and he kindly explained to them certain reasons which encouraged him to make the promise of the said expedition.

Read More ...

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: By the king in parliament. 33. Also, on the same Saturday [10 February 1397], a charter of the king made to the earl marshal touching his office of marshal of England, and the gold staff adorned with the emblem of the king's arms which he will carry in his office, was read and delivered to the said earl. The tenor of which charter follows:
The king to the same, greeting. Know that whereas recently by our letters patent of our special grace we granted to our beloved kinsman Thomas, earl of Nottingham, the office of marshal of England, together with the name and honour of earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, with all the fees, profits, and appurtenances whatsoever pertaining in any way to the said office, in perpetuity; as is fully contained in the same letters. We, mindful of the gracious and laudable services often performed by the aforementioned earl, on either side of the sea, for the benefit and honour of us and our kingdom, at no small effort, cost, and charge to him; and wishing therefore to provide for the estate and honour of that earl, of our special grace have granted in our present parliament for us and our heirs to the same earl the said office, and the name, title, and honour of earl marshal of England, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, together with all offices, commodities, profits and other appurtenances whatsoever, both in our courts and elsewhere, relating or pertaining in any way to the same office, in the same manner and as fully, freely, wholly, and peacefully as Thomas Brotherton, lately earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, father of our beloved kinswoman Margaret countess of Norfolk, [widow] of the aforesaid late earl, or Roger Bigod sometime earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, or any other after the death of the same former earl, or the same present earl, had or held the said office of marshal of England in their time.
Willing further and granting for us and our heirs, that the office of marshal of our Bench before us, which John Wicks holds for the term of his life by our grant, and the office of marshal in our treasury which Richard Gascoigne holds for his life by grant of our beloved brother Thomas earl of Kent, lately marshal of England, by our confirmation; and also the office of herald of the marshal before the steward and marshal of our household, which Guy Allesley holds for his life by grant of the lord Edward [III], late king of England, our grandfather, and by our confirmation; which offices after the death of the aforesaid John, Richard and Guy should revert to us and our heirs, after the death of the same John, Richard, and Guy shall remain to the aforementioned earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs in perpetuity. And that the same offices, and all other offices in any of our courts and elsewhere, which pertained, and used to pertain to the said office of marshal of England in times past, shall be fully restored, annexed, and reunited to the said office of marshal of England in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his male heirs may give, grant, or confer those offices on any suitable persons freely and without hindrance as soon as they shall have fallen vacant by death, demise, resignation, surrender, or in any other way, notwithstanding any of our letters patent made to the contrary.
Considering also the vigour and nobility of that earl, and that he may in future the more fittingly and honourably perform and exercise the aforesaid office, we have granted for us and our heirs to the same present earl that he and his said male heirs, marshals of England, by virtue of their aforesaid office should have, carry, and bear, as well in the presence as in the absence of us and our heirs, a certain gold staff, with both ends enamelled in black, and with the emblem of our arms decorating the top of the said staff, and with the emblem of the arms of that earl decorating the bottom of the said staff; notwithstanding that the same present earl in his time, or the aforementioned former earls, or any other who had the said office of marshal of England before this time, used to carry or bear a wooden staff. Witnessed by these, the venerable fathers Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, Robert of London, William of Winchester, John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor, bishops; [his uncle] John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, [his father] Edmund of York, dukes, our beloved uncles; Henry of Derby, Edward of Rutland, Henry of Northumberland, earls; Reginald Grey of Ruthin, Ralph Neville, John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden, dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy, steward of our household, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February 1397.

Read More ...